In this chapter of Animal Farm, the animals in the book are fighting for their independence against the humans, specifically Mr. Jones. In the beginning of the story, as Mr.
Jones had just stumbled to bed and locked up the farm, Old Major who sensed his life was soon coming to an end, gathered all the farm animals in a meeting to discuss his idea of what the animals should do. He spreads his wisdom to the other animals in the meeting and gives the animals the spark for the rebellion that was soon to come. He also spreads a song that he remembered from his dream the night before called the “Beasts of England.” As Old Major discusses and convinces the other animals in the farm that humans are evil, it sparks a fire in the animals who will soon fight against the humans.
Chapter 2In this chapter, the animals actually fight against Mr. Jones, and drive him off of his own farm. They have decided that they have successfully completed the rebellion and they start singing the Beasts of England. After they have obliterated Mr. Jones from the farm, they attained double the portion they usually get when Mr.
Jones is around. They establish the Seven Commandments and the pigs assume leadership. As Orwell argues, this begins the start of a society that would never lead to equality. As the pigs assume leadership, they also immediately assume their superiority even though the most important amendment they created was “All animals are equal.” Through these examples, Orwell argues that although a society intends to be equal, it will never be. Chapter 3In this chapter, the harvest begins and the pigs think of ways to help the working class animals.
From the harvest, we can observe that there is already a distinct social stratification between the superiors which are the pigs and the working class which are the other animals like Boxer. Also, only a few of the animals were able to read, leading to a naive working class. Although the animals attempted to teach the animals how to read and write, many of the animals were unwilling or unable.
Thus, because of the animals’ illiteracy, the pigs take advantage of this and begin to abuse their power. Through these examples, Orwell intends to demonstrate the dangers of a naive working class and a distinct socially stratified society. Chapter 4Chapter 5In this chapter, Snowball and Napoleon disagree on multiple issues; thus, it leads to an argument of who should be leader.
Although Snowball is a better speaker, Napoleon, on the other hand, takes things into action. Eventually, Napoleon takes complete control by attacking Snowball, leaving the other animals confused and uneasy. Through the actions of Napoleon, Orwell intends to demonstrate to the readers the corrupt and power-hungry motivations of Napoleon, similar to Stalin’s in the Russian Revolution.
However, the animals are quick to submit to Napoleon’s rule because of the threatening dogs Napoleon always has surrounding him. Lastly, through Napoleon’s motivations, Orwell foreshadows on the theme that absolute power eventually leads to corruption. Chapter 6The animals work strenuously everyday to build the windmill under the Napoleon. As foreshadowed in the beginning of the story, the societal stratification becomes more clear in this chapter. Also, throughout the story, Squealer is constantly siding with Napoleon and manipulating the working animals’ brains.Every time Squealer explains something to the animals, although the animals might disagree or seemed to be confused, they always believe Napoleon and Squealer is correct.
Again, Orwell warns the reader about the dangers of a naive working class. Chapter 7As the society continues under Napoleon, the animals’ portions start to decrease and they have to continue to work harder to build the windmill. Also, Napoleon with the threats with his dogs, he forces the other animals’ in the farm to confess their conspiracy with Snowball. Here, Orwell demonstrates the use of force that Napoleon uses to maintain his power. Eventually, Napoleon kills every single animal who confesses. As reflected in Clover’s thoughts written by Orwell, Orwell writes, “As Clover looked down the hillside her eyes filled with tears.
If she could have spoken her thoughts, it would have been to say that this was no what they had aimed at when they had set themselves years ago to work for the overthrow of the human race. These scenes of terror and slaughter were not what they had looked forward to on that night when Old Major first stirred them to rebellion…” (Chapter 7). Orwell foreshadows, a corrupt society. Napoleon is taking actions that benefits him and his power, not the society as a whole.
Chapter 8In this chapter, the amendments are changed slightly and the animals notice. However, they blame the changes on their faulty memory and continue to obey them although it only benefits the pigs. Here, Orwell continues to demonstrate the dangers of a naive working class as well as the dangers of a clear socially stratified society.
Also, Napoleon has now taken the name of a “Leader” and expects all the animals to follow his word and he barely shows up in the farm anymore. Orwell again demonstrates that Napoleon is extremely power hungry and his motivations are to only benefit himself and to increase his power. Chapter 9 Chapter 10 In this final chapter, the pigs assume total power. Through the other animals’ constant hope throughout the story, Orwell demonstrates how naive the working class animals are. Also, napoleon changes the most important amendment of Animal farm to “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.
” Thus, Orwell is trying to convey to the reader that no matter how hard a society strives for equality, the rules will always change to benefit the superiors.