Inthe following paragraphs I hope to explain implementation of prisonPrivatization. The history and background of such topic, five different typesof prison privatization and finally what are the advantages and disadvantagesof private prisons as opposed to public prisons.
Before there was ever a privateprison there were public prisons. They are owned and operated by local, state,and federal government (Siegel, L. and Worrall, J.) and funded by tax payers asa result they need to make everything public. This gives the administration andinforms the public how the jail is being worked and how well spent is thetaxpayer’s money. In public prisons the government has control over who will goto jail and how long they will be in the prison for. Something I learned upondoing research is that the government who operates public prisons has controlover early release of the inmates. A private prison or for-profitprison is a place in which people are physically imprisoned or detained.
Theprivate prison is control and operated by a third party but is contracted bylocal, state, and federal government. There is a monthly fee that thegovernment pays per detainee that is housed at the private establishment. Sinceprivate detainment facilities work under their own established arrangements, theycan decide to accept or deny a prisoner. Research demonstrates that private prisonregularly house less violent and serious offenders than that of public prisons.InJanuary 1983, Thomas Beasley, Doctor R.
Crants, and T. Don Hutto started theworld’s first private prison company called Corrections Corporation of America.CCA starts operating in a Tennessee county jail and juvenile detention center(Pauly, M). At around the same time CCA opens its first privately ownedfacility for immigration detainees in Houston, Texas. January 06, 1986 the samecompany opened their first private state prison in Marion, Kentucky (Siegel, L.
and Worrall, J). Thereare five different types of prison privatization the first is contracting outservices this is necessary for the private prisons to provide services as medicaland mental care, drug treatment programs, educational programs, staff training,and vocational training and counseling. Second, the leasing of inmates housed agovernment run facilities to private companies to generate goods and services.Private prison did so by giving detainees something to do and paying themfocused wages, many private companies are reducing prison costs for thegovernment by withholding earnings for taxes, room and board. Such occupationalso gives prisoners the skills and work experience that will prepare them forthe outside work world.
Third, owning and maintenance of prison: privateoperation of correction centers has been minimum security facilities. Some of those facilities include immigrationdetention centers or halfway houses. Fourth and fifth types of prison privatization go well togethercontracting for an existing prison or jail and financing operation: solution toprison overcrowding. States normally finance construction by paymentarrangements or by issuing general obligation bonds. The previous puts theentire money related weight of development on the state’s yearly spending plan.
Bonds make issues by requiring voter endorsement and are confined by obligationconstraints. An option is private financing through rent contracts or rentbuying understandings. It doesn’t put the cost on the yearly spending plan anddoes not require voter endorsement. Under a lease and/or buy agreement and aprivate firm consents to assemble a jail if the state signs a long term leasefor the jail.
Early installments of lease by the State help the private firm development.At the point when the government finishes the installment payments, theobligation and fund charges, it takes title to the office, the private firmadvantages from assess focal points and income from the rent installments. Thestate government regularly profits by faster development since voterendorsement isn’t required and obligations restrict limitations don’t make adifference. Finally, some of the advantages and disadvantages of privateprison as opposed to public prisons are safety and security is said to be moresecure in private prisons then public. Update to security system and privateprison usually have less serious offenders since private prisons have the rightto choose who enters the jail. Isolationand solitary confinement is utilized as discipline method. Public Prisons arerequires to reportand make open what number of prisoners are set in isolation or solitaryconfinement whereas Private prisons you do not need to report often it themethod can be misused. (Are private prisons better or worse than publicprisons?, 2014) The deprivation of goods and services depending on the type ofmanagement of the jail it can be limited.
The deprivation of security is bigbecause you are something placed with gang member and in order to survive youmust join the gang, engage in more violence, or even suffer sexual assault byfellow inmates.