Inthis assignment, I will first describe the term ‘social deprivation’and then explain what kind of permanent damage it causes, especiallyfor individuals separated from society at a very young age. In thenext section, I will describe the term ‘protective factors’ and thenexplain how these factors support children to develop resilience andprovide support. InPart two, I will reflect on different areas my tutor addressed in TMA01. After that, I will describe how I took my tutor’s suggestions forimprovement into account and how I tried to implement them.
a.Describe what is meant by ‘social deprivation’ and explain it’spotential impact on child development.Socialdeprivation is the loss or reduction of social relationships andsocial contact between a person and other humans.
The individual getsdisconnected from the larger society. Many factors belong to the term’social deprivation’ and it may differ for every individual. Thesefactors prevent a person from having normal contact with other humansand experience interactions with the society and their culture.Experiencing social deprivation will often cause permanent damage andinfluence the lives of the concerned person forever. Socialdeprivation can harm the individual’s well-being, efficiency andtheir personal development. Different impacts can be social exclusionand a low social status within a community, mental illness, povertyand poor education. Anexample of radical deprivation is Victor, the boy of Aveyron. (E102,p.
58-59) It is said, that Victor was abandoned in the woods when hewas around five years old. He survived till he was around eleven ortwelve years old and finally got found by other humans. Victorbelongs to the so-called ‘Feral children’.
Those children grew upwhile being isolated from other humans. Consequences are, that thesechildren differ in their social behaviour and mental state fromnormal socialized children. Likewise, Victor was different. The boygrew up without the care of other humans and survived almost sevenyears on his own. This left a horrible impact on him. He was not ableto speak. With this new discovery, it is clear that Rousseau’s way ofthinking was wrong. He believed, that skills like language would’arise naturally if children were left on their own devices’ (E102,p.
57) The boy of Aveyron proved this theory wrong. He also had weirdfood preferences and his behaviour resembled the one of a wildanimal. Furthermore, his body was covered in scars.(E102, p.58) Hisscars are only an external mark of what the child must haveexperienced while being isolated from society. As seen in the exampleabove, social deprivation has a permanent impact on children. In thecase of Victor, being separated from humans and living isolated forthe most part of his childhood influenced his whole being and withthat his whole life.
The early deprivation was the reason Victorcould not speak and never used language as a form of communicationeven after people tried to include him in society.(E102, p.58) Theso-called ‘Feral child’ did grow up without using language so therewas no need for him to start useíng it now. Victor did not know howto eat and especially what was common to eat.
The reason behind thiswas probably that Victor always just ate to survive and did not careabout the taste. His behaviour was comparable to that of wild animalsbecause he never had a father, mother or key person to show him howto behave, how to act like a human. The social deprivation led to himnever being able to develop as a normal human being and being able tointeract normally with other people even years after he was found andlived in a society. (E102, p.
58) Also,the eight-year-old girl Oxana Malaya had been raised by dogs. Shebehaved like a dog and even barked. However, she was able to formsome human words. But that was only because she grew up with humansin her early years. (E102, Online activities for Chapter 3, Activity2)The contact with humans in her early years was the crucial factor. Socialdevelopment plays an important role in children’s lives.
It is neededfor children to develop social relationships but it is also essentialfor ‘their cognitive and even physical development’. Earlydeprivation has a huge impact on ‘children’s language’ and ‘theirpsychological development’. (E102, p. 75, Gerhardt, 2006) ‘Scientists are in wideagreement now that the brain doesn’t develop normally withoutstimulation and social interaction’.(E102, Online activities forChapter 3, Activity 2)This will lead tolong-term damages like autism. Children who experience socialdeprivation between theage of two and three years old are more likely to have a lower IQthan younger ones. This is because ‘Thefirst two years of life appear to be a particularly sensitive periodfor social development’. (E102, Online activities for Chapter 3,Activity 2) Children exposed to social deprivation will most likelykeep permanent damage like autism and learning difficulties.
(E102,Online activities for Chapter 3, Activity 2)b.Describe what is meant by the term ‘protective factors’ and explainthe role they play in supporting children’s development of’resilience’.Protectivefactors are a range of attributes which can differ for everyindividual. They can help a child to stay strong and stable during atime the child is exposed to negative or harmful situations.
Protective factors help to protect children with a traumatic past orwith negative experiences. They give a child more safety and degradethe chance for a child to get triggered by something that remindsthem of their past.Itis important to make sure that especially looked after children buildup their self-esteem. Even though some children are restricted insome ways, there are ways to boost their confidence and help them todevelop resilience. Having a positive and stable relationship withthe family will help children to find their self-identity. Also, somefamily members can be a positive and important support in their lifeand can become someone they look up to. (E102, p. 133) Having aclose relationship with someone they admire can help them to developin the right way.
Going to school and having a right to education isessential for children. (Honey et al. (2011)) It will help them todevelop other relationships which have nothing to do with theirfamily. While children are forced to live with the members of theirfamily, they can decide with whom they want to become friends withand it is only their own independent decision.
If children are ableto find true friendship for example in school, it will be a greatsupport in their lives. With true friends, they can be their trueself and always have a safe point in their life to which they canreturn to. Friends will listen if there are problems and boost theirconfidence if it is needed.
Also, making sure children are having agoal in their life will ensure their safety and will boost theirassertiveness. If a child has a dream, it will work hard for it andtry everything to make that dream come true. While following such adream, it is important to ensure that a child has the right amount ofself-esteem.
Setting a child little goals will help them to developresilience and confidence over time. Still,it is important to make sure these children have teachers peoplearound them who make sure to support children in what they do. If achild fails at something teachers and key people have to ensure thechildren that it is alright to fail sometimes in life. A child needsto understand that everyone fails in their life at some point andthat they only grow stronger with time. ‘Somesocial workers take the paperwork too seriously, but some are genuineand take time to support you.
One worker acted more like a friend andthat made it easier to talk to him.’ (Tyrer et al., 2005, quoted inOliver, 2010, p.
29)Buildingup resilience is so important for these children. Treating childrenwith care and warmth will make them feel safe and loved. They have tofeel that they belong somewhere and that they are needed.’Supportfrom my carers has been part of it. I keep going on about it, but youhave no idea how much they helped me.’ (Mark, quoted in Happer etal., 2006, p.31)’Apositive self-esteem is a positive factor against all adversities.
‘(Gilligan, 2009; Newman and Blackburn, 2002) It will help children tohandle difficult and negative situations and experiences better. Witha high self-esteem, children can process everyday experiences likechanges and losses and disruptions more easily. Self-esteemis connected with perceived approval from other people who play animportant role in their lives. Self-esteem comes through masteringproblems in ‘real life situations’. If these problems are solvedsuccessfully, it will help children to develop a strongerself-esteem. (Happer et al., 2006) Ifsomeone has resilience, that person is able to handle negativesituations or disturbing events better than someone withoutresilience. It is important for looked after children to developresilience in their life.
Their well being already got disrupted inthe past for example through abuse or situations which are notappropriate for children. It is important to see a child as anindividual and to integrate children in families and in school. Eventhough risks are higher for children to experience negativesituations again, they will also experience protective factor andthey will help them to develop resilience.Protectivefactors are different qualities, for example, different skills andself-esteem, relationships to family members, friends and teachers.What’s really important is support and motivation children receivefrom these relationships. Socialdeprivation means being isolated from society from a very young ageand having little to no interactions with other humans. The personconcerned will have permanent damages that influence their wholelife. Despite having experienced disruptive situations, so-calledprotective factors help children to keep thinking positive anddevelop resilience.
For example, having supportive teachers or familymembers who support them will help them to stay strong. Part1: 1655 WordsPart2: Reflection (500 Words)a.What were the key areas of development your tutor identified asneeding to be addressed in TMA01?Mytutor identified some areas which I need to improve over time. Sheexplained that even though I used some good points of the modulematerial, I actually lost track of the question and went a bit offthe main topic. I did not refer to all the key material and did noteven mention all of it, but instead, I wrote about some things whowere not needed for this assignment.
She identified that I maybemisunderstood the questions and for that reasons, my answers were notas sharp and convenient as they were supposed to be. For the future,I will try to always make sure to understand the questions correctlyand to make sure my answers will be more precise. She also encouragedme to make more reflections to the module material and to use moreexamples.
She also suggested that the words which are used in everquestions are used again in my answers. She emphasised, that it isimportant to stay focused on the question. So using the word from thequestion again in the answer will help me stay on track. She alsogave me an example so I can understand it better. Herlast suggestion for improvement is that I make sure to arrange eachparagraph suitable for the questions. It will not only help me tokeep focus, but it also is easier for her to read my assignment. Hercomments really helped me out and illustrated my weak points clearlyfor me. b.
Describe how you took the developmental points identified by yourtutor into account in writing TMA02.Itried to implement all the improvement my tutor suggested in TMA01.First I wanted to make sure that I understood the questions right andknew before writing what is important to mention. I tried tounderstand the difference between ‘describe’ and ‘explain’. I keptfocused on the questions and only wrote what seemed important to meand made sure not to lose track like in TMA01. I referred to the keymaterial even though I think that this is not the case in my wholeassignment. But I tried not to leave out any important material. Formost claims I made I wanted to refer to the module material and tomention some examples.
I also tried to refer in the right way as mytutor suggested me to. She even gave me an example below myassessment which helped me a lot. I tried to reflect the words whichwere used in the questions again in my answers to built up a clearconnection between answer and question. I hope I could structure myanswers more clearly this time. Also, in this assignment, I tried todivide the paragraphs different than in TMA01. I separated thisassignment into more paragraphs and made sure I started a newparagraph to describe a different aspect of the question. It helpedme to keep a survey of my work.
My tutor’s suggestions forimprovement really helped me a lot. The comments were written clearlyand kind and helped me understand my mistakes.