IndexWhat is Uniform civil code? To know more about it we need to look atIt’s mention in the Indian ConstitutionIt’s relationship with secularismWhy it became a hot topic in contemporary India and it’s relationship with fundamental rights.General problems faced by Indian women that attracts uniform civil code: AlimonyOppressive and patriarchal societyPolygamy and remarriage(the detailed study would be completed by mid-February and the source would be from certain articles of indian constitution and a general analysis of the existing social problems.)Personal laws: History, detailed descriptions, effect on women:Hindu Personal lawHindu Remarriage act, 1955Muslim Personal lawSharia Act, 1937The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986.The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2017.(The detailed study of the above-mentioned topics would be completed by mid-march and the primary study material would be i, ii, iii,iv.)Is the uniform civil code a solution to the problems faced by women? If yes, how?(After analyzing and studying about uniform civil code, personal laws and problems faced by women, a conclusion of whether India is ready for the uniform civil code and should it be applied will be done with by end of March )WHY DID I CHOOSE THIS TOPIC AND WHAT IS MY AIM?Article 44 of the constitution directs the government of India to implement a uniform code for the people irrespective of their religion and communal background.
I think it’s more necessary to have a national identity and to dissolve the communal sentiments for the progress of India. But even after the 68th Republic Day celebrations, it still just remains a hot topic of discussion. After the recent Triple Talaq case, there is a hope of getting uniform civil code and how it can benefit the women from the oppressive patriarchal rules. Hence, I chose this topic to know more about it and to form a conclusion of this debate.HOW DO I PLAN TO ACCOMPLISH THIS?Every sub-topic mentioned in the index is very vast and will require considerable efforts to learn about all that’s mentioned. The timeline decided by me considers this and hence I will go through the mentioned references in a structured way. Also, I will analyze all the pros and cons of the uniform civil code and how it will affect the women before forming a conclusion.
References:i Kishwar, Madhu (Aug. 13, 1994). Codified Hindu Law: Myth and Reality. Economic and Political Weekly, Volume 29, Number 33, pp.2145-2161.iiDaniyal, Shoaib. “A short history of Muslim personal law in India”. Scroll.
in. Scroll.in. Retrieved 2 December 2017iiiRahiman, Abdul, K.K. “History of the Evolution of Muslim Personal Law in India” (PDF).
Journal of Dharma: Dharmaram Journal of Religions and Philosophies. Retrieved 1 December 2017.ivRooychowdhary, Arija (4 May 2016). “Shariat and Muslim Personal Law: All your questions answered”. The Indian Express. Indian Express. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
vChavan, Nandini; Kidwai, Qutub Jehan (2006). Personal Law Reforms and Gender Empowerment: A Debate on Uniform Civil Code. Hope India Publications. ISBN 978-81-7871-079-2.
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