Inroduction: AllaahSWT created the whole world and whatever in the heaven and the earth for the human being and created human being for Himself to test him, whether he believes Him or not. He gave him knowledge, intellect and choice of selecting the way of life and belief. He sent His messengers to teach people according to the divine scriptures. So as time passes some people totally convinced on the teachings of the messengers and some has rejected. This was a long process since the Adam AS was created and the last messenger Prophet MohammedSAW was sent with the final revelation. Nowadays people have mainly divided into two main groups:1:Atheist (who does not believe in God and totally materialistic approach)2:Theist (this group agrees in the existence of One God but it also has divided in so many further groups or religion)The most commonly known and practicing religions are Buddhism, Christianity, Communism, Judaism, Confucianism, Hinduism ,Islam, Jainism, Shintoism, Sikhism, Taoism, and ZoroastranismThe core concept of all above mentioned religions is to accept the omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniciant God and His absolute super authority in their philosophy.
Their scriptures appear to have included in their basic beliefs and rituals themes concerning worship of and devotion to several images and idols of deities and demigods, with some of the specific attributes of the Only One God. The Buddhaism and Janiaism were inciatted with the concept of no God .Ref:AQD book 30 Hinduism: Hinduism is a major world religion originated from Indian subcontinent and consist of many and varied systems of philosophy, belief, and ritual. It is the oldest living religion on Eart about 3,500years old.Ref: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Hinduism/PracticeIt is a religion which incorporates diverse views on the concept of God. But the core concept is that they belief in a Supreme Being and adherence to certain concepts such as Truth, dharma, and karma.
Brahma, brahman (stem) means the concept of the transcendent and immanent ultimate reality, Supreme Cosmic Spirit in Hinduism. Brahma is the first god in the Hindu trimurti. The triumvirate consists of three gods who are responsible for the creation, upkeep and destruction of the world. The other two gods are Vishnu and Shiva.
Vishnu is the preserver of the universe, while Shiva’s role is to destroy it in order to re-create. The main beliefs are:• Truth is eternal. ..
.• Brahman is Truth and Reality. …• The Vedas are the ultimate authority. .
..• Everyone should strive to achieve dharma. …
• Individual souls are immortal. …• The goal of the individual soul is moksha.• The core philosophies in Hinduism are the beliefs on the four, goals of human life, i.e Dharma (ethics/duties), Artha (prosperity/work), Kama (desires/passions) and Moksha (liberation/freedom/salvation); karma (action, intent and consequences), Sa?s?ra (cycle of rebirth), and the various Yogas The main Hindu scriptures are: the Vedas, which means ‘knowledge’ the Ramayana, long epic poems about Rama and Sita. .
Ref : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worship_in_HinduismBuddhism : Buddhism is about 2,800years old. It may considered as an adaptation of Hinduism.
Some of their basic concepts are same.Many philosophers considered Buddha as a reformer of Hinduism. Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. The teachings of Buddha in the beginning, was in the memory of the monks ,later on they have been put into scriptures Mahayana and Hinyana.The doctrine of Buddha Dhamma kakka- pavathna- sutta,address to him who has gone from this world.
The idea is that in this life one cannot get the happiness so one has to take the middle course between profitless life of indulgence in sensual pleasure and profitless way of self torture. Buddha taught that right thinking, right living and self denial enable the soul of man to attain Nirvana ,which was an ultimate release from sorrow, pain, desire. He prescribed the strict monastic life with full of discipline to control mind,and to get Nirvana one has to have the knowledge of four truths i.
e1:Truth of pain 2:cause of pain 3:cessation of pain 4:the fourth truth is actually arriving these truths,which is the “Noble eightfold path”Right views,right intention,right effort,Right speech,Right action,Right livelihood,Right mindfulness,Right concentration.Similarities and Differences between Hinduism and Buddhism: The Similarities Buddhism and Hinduism both have belief in reincarnation and never ending cycle of birth and death which should be broken. but they take different approaches. Hindus believe there is a soul, which they call Atman. According to their scripture Bhagavad Gita ,the soul changes bodies. Buddhist belief is that there is no individual soul, and liken rebirth to the rekindling of a flame ,but there is a connection only.
However Buddhist have belief in samsara,the eternal wheel of death and rebirth as Hindus. • According to their belief, worldly attachments can cause suffering; so one should lead self-centered life.• Meditation is part of their religious deed to find the truth,which according to them it is inside not outside.• They believe that whatever is on the planet will get enlightment and liberation in the end. Buddhists brings the liberation from samsara “nirvana,” while Hindus call it “moksha” — liberation — and “samadhi” –absorption in the Infinite. The concepts are same because they all need annihilation of the ego that is the cause of suffering. Both religions believe in an inherent system of cause and effect called karma — kamma in Pali — that conditions an individual’s ability to achieve freedom. Karma is the result of moral actions, and positive karma, together concerted practice, is the recipe for liberation in both traditions.
Both Hindus and Buddhists believe on the importance of correct living. The word Dharma often means sense of responsibility and righteousness. Buddhist use the word dharma—the Pali, to refer the proper way of living.The Differences between Hinduism and Buddhism:.
Hinduism strongly believes in ‘Atman’, the soul and ‘Brahman’, the eternity of self. While Buddhism, has no concept of the self and salvation involved in realizing this concept. Hindus worship several gods and goddesses. While Buddhist philosophy, is of no use to search something which is not known.• Buddhism has no “rituals” in the traditional sense. They don’t do ritual prayers. They only have senior monastics.• Hinduism has a caste system, where as Buddhism doesn’t.
Buddhists believe that anyone can achieve enlightenment. Hindus believe you must be of the Brahmin caste.• Buddha preached that life is full of sorrows and the only solution to end these sufferings was to seek nirvana.Hinduism also accept that there is suffering in human life, but these sorrows are the result of previous karma of the human being.
However, one can attain divine bliss by discovering the Atman and Brahman.• In Hinduism they worship all the natural sources of earth while in Buddhism they only pray Buddha.• There are several ways to union with god in Hinduism.Buddhist follow four truyhs and eightfold path to get Nirvana.Conclusion: Buddhist doesn’t believe in the existence of an eternal soul whereas the basic concept of Hinduism is atman and Brahman.The Hindus believe is that one can enjoy divine bliss through moksha or reunion with God while Buddhism stresses on sufferings in the world.
In Hinduism there are different ways by which one can reach to God whereas Buddhist believe is that one can get nirvana through four noble truths and eightfold path.Hinduism believes in several gods whereas Buddhism doesn’t.