children who are just beginning their literacy journeys
Age of Emergent Readers
two to five years of age
knowledge about our written language and strategies that permit you to determine both the sounds of words and their meanings as you read. Develops as children acquire abilities in phonological and phonemis awareness, phonics, context use, sight word knowledge, etc.
when children are aware of language as an object, can manipulate and use words. It is the word, syllable level of understanding
being able to hear phonemes (smallest unit of sound) as individual soundsincludes sound matching, sound blending, sound isolation, sound addition, sound substitution, and sound subtractionex: /r/ or /d/
the smallest unit of sound
Diff b/n phonological and phonemic awareness
phono — realize that language can be manipulated; words are sounds.
pheno- hear individual sounds (words are made up of sounds)
ultimately an understanding of sounds that helps us sound out unfamiliar words
2 Parts of Phonics
1) understand relationship between sounds and letters.2) ability to put sounds together to form words.
regular letter sound associated with the letter
using what comes before and after a word to understand the its meaning
Sight Word Knowledge
word that we recognize immediately (sound, meaning) — allows you to read quickly.
___ Sight Words account for ___ of all words encountered when reading
being able to break a word into its prefix, suffix, etc to get sound and meaning