Introduction event that causes to the rising demand

Introduction

Maharashtra is a second
largest state in terms of population and third largest state in terms of the
area in India1. That’s why Maharashtra becomes second
largest constituency with the 48 seats in Lok Sabha out of 545 total seats. That makes Maharashtra’s politics important and
sensitive itself in Maharashtra and nationally. 
Recently in Maharashtra huge silent rallies organized by the Maratha
community for demanding reservation. The nature of the rallies was to
the silent but anger within the rallies clearly understand by popularity and
the size of the rallies. On one hand constitution stands for the secularism and
equal opportunity for all. Government is responsible for the removing the
reservation into the India. But some communities start saying they are not
progressive and come in the underprivileged category. That’s a really development
problem in India because caste-based reservations
will do nothing but damage the Indian economy eventually (Varun Parekh). This will, if not now then later on, definitely
negatively impact the efficiency of the job. On a macro scale, this
inefficiency can drag down India’s growth story2.
In Maharashtra start demanding for the reservation first is to the Maratha
community demanding for the OBC reservation and Dhangar community demanding for
the ST reservation. For the study purpose I am focusing only on reservation
demand of the Maratha community. This is also somehow emerging out of the
incomplete statistical information provided by the previous government.

Triggering event

Triggering
event that causes to the rising demand
for Maratha reservation. It is the 13th July 2016 Maratha girl rape and murder at Kopardi by Dalit men in
Ahmednagar district. Initially when Maratha protest starts demanding to provide
death penalty to the victim of the case.  Within that their certain demand raises amending the Scheduled Castes and
Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act and implementation of the Swaminathan committee recommendations. Maratha
community people start claiming about the misuse
of the authorities prevention act from the Dalit community. One thing here
noticeable is to the accused from the Dalit community and the victim form the
Maratha community. That also makes stand
to the community in front of each other
directly. Then the statement Maratha community is a backward and Marathi
student not able to get admission into
the good educational institute but because of the reservation student from the
low and backwards cast easily able get
admission in the educational institution
even they got fewer marks. That also same
condition about the government job. Provide justice to the girl, silent march
start getting huge popular support from different regions of Maharashtra.

 

Difference
between statistics by Government commission and Human Development Index on
socio economic condition of Maratha Community. 

In 2014 when Congress- government
passed the 16 % reservation based on the recommendation of the Narayan Rane
committee. Entire findings of the report
not available but Keshav Waghmare wrote in the Divya Marathi newspaper about the findings and claim of the report it
surveys twelve and half thousands of the Maratha household lives under the
poverty line. Only 80% of the student form the Maratha community able to get
education until 10th class. Only 2% female and 6% able to use the
computer. Percentage of a graduate female
was to 6% and male 10%3.

Amrish Dongre
mentioned in his paper on the information of the socio economic and educational
condition  based on human development
survey index.  Maratha household have
higher income and lower poverty in comparative to other community. Also they
are over-represented in government and public sector jobs. That’s why demand
for inclusion of Marathas among other backward classes in untenable4.

When I read
the above mentioned two different studies first study done by the Maharashtra
government’s Narayan Rane committee for analyzing and assessing socio-economical and educational condition and
second research study done by the Amrish Dongre based on the Human Development
Index survey.  Based on the Narayan Rane
committee report, on 25 Jun 2014, the Congress-NCP state government led
by Prithviraj Chavan passed a law granting 16 per cent reservation to Marathas
in education and employment. This did not infringe on the reservation quota of
the Other Back words classes (OBC)5.    But in Maharashtra, 52% seats reserved for the different social
and economic backward communities. If Maharashtra government provide the
reservation that the reservation seats go on 52 to 68 plus 5% for the Muslims 73%.

After the 14 November 
2014, Bombay High Court’s order stayon to the reservation provide to
Maratha community.6 Most of
the political parties well aware of the
50% reservation limit. Only in the exceptional
cases court will allow to cross the
limit. In case of Maharashtra case 52% reservation already available. Backward
castes defied in India based on those different communities known by the traditional
occupation.7
Then why the Congress-NCP government pass reservation bill, and if they pass
the reservation why they are unable to provide the strong evidence or
data.  Based on this questions some
leaders from the Congress Government got cheated under the various criminal
activities. People of Maharashtra angry at the government. There was less possibility
to again government come into the power for the next term.  To getting support from the Maratha and from
the Muslim community pass the reservation.   

Only for
breaking the unity among different social
groups how come under the reservation category (Back word/lower class) and how
not come under the reservation (High class) that
are making the social insecurity among the large communities among Maharashtra. And there will be the chances of the cast riots Maybe the Bhima Koregoan was the resent example of the social
insecurity the reason for the attack on
the Dalit community and next day rally organized by the different Dalit parties
in all over India and that rallies some
of the places take a violent mode they burn buses, taxies and
brake the glasses vehicles and burn the tires on the road   that will be the example of the breaking the
social insecurity and showing the power of the community.

Framers of
the Indian constitution made the provision of reservation for the bringing
socially and economically back word classes into
the mains streams. They consider the reservation period only for the ten years
but after every ten years reservation period expanded only because of the
political benefit. Also adding that provide the reservation for the Other Back word class-OBC.

Reservation
for the polarization of the votes.

Reservation policy becomes a serious threat to the nation now.
Meritorious students and candidates are losing jobs and opportunities due to this
policy. Political pundits are the main culprits of this policy. They do not
want the welfare of the people but they work only for their vote bank8. The
Maratha social organization Sambhaji Brigade has announced that it will
transform into a political party9.

My next
argument is for getting the political benefit
in the name of reservation all the major
parties want to do polarization of the vote on the name of the caste. Because into the table110
mentioned post result survey done by the lokniti
on the vote share of the different communities to the major parties. Hare can
clearly understand the not a single party got a full
support from any particular community.
Vote share is divided. For playing the cast clienteles cast politics start
breaking the unity among different communities of Maharashtra.     

One claim made by the Maratha protestant that is to
the not any political party actively involved in
the silent rallies. That’s made me think about this statement.

Table 1

NCP

CON

SS

BJP

Maratha Kunbi

18

11

30

24

OBC

20

13

18

38

SC

17

28

13

19

ST

16

14

9

33

Upper cast

10

16

9

52

Muslims

16

53

1

13

Other

13

18

17

32

 

The current government in Maharashtra in BJP –
Siv Sena both of parties supporting the
reservation but not passing the government. They are in ruling party, they
can’t openly opposing the reservation. They aware of the sensitivity of the issue. 
Also one strange about the Maratha politics is to the support from the
Siv Sena party, Siv Sena supported the collation government in
Maharashtra. When any problem raised into the Maharashtra that time Siv Sena party playing a role as opposition party instead provide support the Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP).   But after Devendra Fadanvis become a Chief
Minister of the Maharashtra increase reservation demand.  When BJP Come to
power after that Mumbai high court stops
the 16% reservation of Maratha community.

The National
Parties include Indian National Congress 42 (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party 122
(BJP), Nationalist Congress Party 41 (NCP), the regional parties include Shiv
Sena 63 (SHS) and Maharashtra Navnirman Sena 1 (MNS).  This all major political parties that have strong political influence into Maharashtra (2014 assembly election result).

 

Conclusion

One fact is
true about the there is some weaker
section among the Maratha community lives into
the socially and educationally backward life. This
pat of this community doing the agricultural and labour work. In a last one decade because of the natural
uncertainty and drought they received less agricultural returns. That’s why the
community starts feeling their economic
condition not different from the people who revive
the reservation. Also because of the low income they are not able to pay the
fees of the higher education for their children.  That’s the point they start thinking if they
also come into reservation category their child also able to learn in higher
education institute and also able to get a good
position in a government job. With
the unknowing the original reality.  1.
Cast based reservation not possible 50% limit. 2. If the government decide to provide the reservation based on the
economic backwardness there is big question whom to call the backward. 3. If they
got reservation based on economic backwardness again they will start demand
equal parameters for all communities. 4. Other community will never agree to
change the parameter from cast to income
base.

I think
education is key determent of the social and economical backwardness. That’s
why I am recommending reservation should provide only in to the educational
institute. After that reservation in job or in services is not an appropriate.
Because in any job merit and quality of the candidate is important.

 

 

References

 http://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/article/change-in-reservation-policy-2133-1.html

https://thewire.in/84198/maratha-unrest-linkages-mumbai-political-economy/

http://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/article/reservation-policy-in-india-%E2%80%93-a-serious-threat-to-the-nation-1989-1.html

/ http://www.jstor.org/stable/41855679

 

1 As per the census 2011, area – 307.713 km2, population of
112,374,333 that’s 9.28% of India’s population.

2 Writer.Thinker.Doer Caste-Based
Reservation Could Pause India’s Growth Story/ 20/04/2016

3 KEshav Waghmare, Maratha
Samajala Dhoka Pan Kunakadun? Divya Marathi 2016

4  Is Maratha Demand for reservation for
reservation tenable? Evidence from India Human Development Survey, Ambrish
Dongre, April 27 2017, Research

 

5 The Indian Express Press Trust of India | Mumbai | Published: June 25, 2014 9:44 pm

6 http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/bombay-hc-stays-reservation-order-for-marathas-muslims-114111401165_1.html   Bombay HC stays reservation order for
Marathas, Muslims ANI        |  Mumbai Last Updated at November 14, 2014
16:50 IS Business Standard

7
hereditary occupation such as washerman, barber, weaver,
carpenter, potter, fisherman, blacksmith, goldsmith, oil-crusher and besides a
few middle castes primarily engaged in agriculture. Caste reservation in India
: Policy and Politics K.C. Suri / Published by 
Indian Political Science Association

 

8  Reservation Policy in India – A serious
Threats to The Nation February 27,2016 Jindaldimple

9 The
Roots of the Maratha Unrest Lie in Mumbai’s Changing Political Economy BY
SUMEET MHASKAR ON 05/12/2016 The Wire

10 Survey data also allows us to estimate the support
received by each party from different social sections. How
Maharashtra voted: Behind BJP, upper castes, OBCs and rich. Lokniti-CSDS
post-poll analysis shows consolidation and fragmentation of community votes. Written by Suhas Palshikar | Mumbai | Updated: October 21, 2014. The Indian express.