Introduction: labor duties. B. Forced Labor 1.The Nay-Sat

Introduction: The Rohingya are a
Muslim minority group in the western part of Myanmar,

Thesis: The Rohingya are being persecuted

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Body Paragraphs:

I. The Muslim minority Rohingya
have been victims of people are calling a textbook definition of ethnic

A. Sexual Violence

1. The Myanmar
Army, Myanmar Police Force, NaSaKa, and Rakhine villagers raped and sexually
assaulted Rohingya women and girls. The attackers usually strike when the women
were being taken for forced labor, or when their male relatives could not
protect them. One Rohingya women reported that a NaSaKa member raped her in
front of her child while she was on her forced labor duty. Or women being raped
because others in their households haven’t completed their forced labor duties.

B. Forced Labor

1.The Nay-Sat
Kut-kwey ye (NaSaKa) which is a security force made up of customs officers,
riot police, military, and intelligence, operated in the Rakhine State until
2013 with the guidance of the Ministry for Border Affairs. Under NaSaKa,
Rohingya males as young as ten years old were forced to either pay a weekly fee
to avoid work, (which many were not able to afford) or to preform manual labor
like agricultural work, construction work, or serve as guards.

C. Denial of

1. In 1982 a
citizenship law was enacted prohibiting Rohingya from obtaining equal access to
a full Myanmar citizenship, rendering most of Rohingya stateless. Under the
citizenship Law a person must provide proof that their family lived in Myanmar
before 1948, though many Rohingya lack records of their family’s historical
residence. In the law it is also required to be fluent in one of Myanmar’s
national languages, Rohingya speak the “Rohingya” dialect and many do not have
access to education, giving them little opportunity to learn the nationally
recognized language.

D. Forced
Displacement and Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps

1. In an effort to
push Rohingya out the military abused, raped, and murdered many Rohingya,
pushing more than 200,000 out fleeing across the border into Bangladesh. Though
to deter Rohingya refugees from entering, the Bangladeshi government withheld
food and humanitarian aid from the refugee camps, resulting in more than 12,000
refugee deaths from starvation. After forcing most of the Rohingya’s back to
Myanmar they were later forced to stay in overcrowded camps that lack food,
education, and lifesaving medicine for their own safety. Here Rohingya face
chronic food shortages, and routine rejected food ration requests from the
state government, and when the government aren’t rejecting requests they are
failing to provide accurate rations, on one day “delivering 900 bags of rice
instead of the 3,900 bags needed, with 12 bags half empty on arrival…some
Rohingya resorted to eating glue” (Fortify Rights).

2. In contrast,
camps for displaced Rakhine Buddhists are lavish, equipped with working
sanitation and regular delivery of food and medical supplies.

E. Religious

1. Myanmar
government repeatedly participates in racial and religious persecution of
Rohingya. It was reported that the government issued military orders demanding
that unauthorized mosques be destroyed. As well closing mosques and Islamic
schools for use as a government administrative office, and prohibiting Muslims
from repairing mosques. In 2001, mobs clashed at 28 mosques and religious
schools. State security not only did nothing to stop, but also participated in

II. Laws of Genocide

A. Standards of

1. Killing
members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the
group; Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to
bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; Imposing measures
intended to prevent births within the group; Forcibly transferring children of
the group to another group. (Fortify Rights)

B. State
Responsibility for Genocide

1. A state can be
held responsible for “Genocide; Conspiracy to commit Genocide; Direct and
public incitement to commit Genocide; Attempt to commit Genocide; and
Complicity in Genocide” (Fortify Rights)

2. The state of
Myanmar may be responsible for acts committed against the Rohingya by the
security forces. Furthermore, they may be responsible for failing to prevent
genocide from occurring within its borders.


Whether determined a genocide or
not, it can be agreed that there was an intent and that solid intent shall not
change the facts. 


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