Italian EEOS In 2004, Italy launched its WCSas part of the laws related to the national electricity and gas marketliberalization that requested a policy measure for Distributed System Operators(DSOs), companies with more than 50,000 users connected to their grid, toimplement energy efficiency projects. In this EEOS, DSOs must present every 31stof May the number of certificates1 thatcorrespond to their targets of the previous year. Certificates can be produced byimplementing energy efficiency projects either in the own assets of the DSO orin end-user assets.
In case of a shortfall, DSOs can also buy certificates froma market platform hosted and managed by the state-owned company in charge ofpromoting and supporting renewable energy sources in Italy (GME, Gestore dei Servizi Energetici). Inaddition to DSOs, voluntary participants can also produce certificatesresulting from the implementation of energy efficiency projects. Allowedvoluntary participants include: companies and public administrations with anappointed energy manager, with a voluntary appointed energy manager, or with anISO 50001 energy management system; Energy Services Companies (ESCOs); DSOswith less than 50,000 users; and, companies controlled or linked to obligedDSOs. Almost all projects are eligible under the Italian EEOS, except for theones focused on efficiency in electricity generation, as long as their savingsare additional to the market average or mandatory standard. Some features thatgive flexibility to the Italian EEOS obligated entities are the possibility ofretaining certificates for its use or trading in future years and the option totrade certificates in the spot market and through bilateral contracts. This EEOSserves as an example that this type of schemes can work across all sectors andall technologies, covering around 60% of the 2020 country’s energy efficiencytarget.
Also, showcases how a set of standardized saving projects (notrequiring metering systems) are important in the scheme’s introductory phasewhereas more structured (and complex) projects become fundamental as thestringency of the targets rises with time. (ENSPOL, 2015)1One certificate equals to one Toe of additional savings.