Forcible EntryQuestion1.The firefighter, after being given the name, shall remove from the apparatus, explain the use, safety, and maintenance of the following equipment:a.Spanner wrench…………………(knew location) (1) Uses(2) Safety(3) Maintenance
Uses:Coupling hose,Gas shut-off,Pulling nailsSafety : Keep fingers pointed outward whenag ainst a hard surfaceMaintenance: Keep clean – rust free
Uses: Cut fences or locks.Safety: Eye protectionMaintenance: Oil – remove rust,Check for secure head.
Forcible Entry Pick Head Axe…………………(knew location) (1) Uses(2) Safety(3) Maintenance
Uses: Opening roofs, floors, or walls.Safety: Wear eye protection,Watch for other firefighters, Firefighter will tie off to ladder if cutting roof, Carry to close to body.Maintenance: Oil – remove rust,Check for secure head.
Forcible EntryK-Tool……………………………(knew location)(1) Uses(2) Maintenance(3) Two tools needed to be used with
Uses: Removing key tumbler from locks.Maintenance: Oil – remove rust.
Two tools needed to be used with: K-Tool: Halligan, Flat-headed Axe.
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Pry door away from stop (pry out bolt)
Forcible EntryThe firefighter will simulate prying open an outwardswinging door by using the following four (4) steps:
a.Identify whether the door swings out or inb.Insert either the ADZ or Fork end of the Halliganinto the jamb approximately 6″ from the lockc.
Pound the Halligan past the jamb using a flat axe
or sledged.Pry out on the Halligan forcing the door out
Forcible Entry4.The firefighter will simulate prying open an inward swinging door by using the following four (4) steps:
a.Identify whether the door swings out or inb.Insert the Fork end of the Halligan intothe jamb approximately 6″ from the lockc. Pound the Halligan past the jamb using a flataxe or sledged.Push in on the Halligan forcing the door in
The firefighter will simulate prying open a door from the
hinge side using the following six (6) steps:
a. Make sure door cannot be opened by any other method (including removal of hinge pins)b. Starting at the bottom of the door place the fork end of the Halligan in the jamb next to the hingec. Pound the Halligan into the jamb with a flat axe or sledge forcing the hinge to pull out from the jamb orthe doord.Repeat this procedure for the other hinges, stoppingat the top hingee.Make sure the attack team is ready before pryingout the top hingef.
Remove the top hinge
Forcible Entry6.The firefighter will demonstrate one of the three (3)safe ways of carrying a pick-head axe:
a.Blade towards ground and hand over the pick headb.Blade in armpit with pick facing forward and covered with handc.Blade on side of the body near the hip with pickfacing forward and covered with hand
The firefighter will demonstrate the proper method for
carrying a pike pole when outside a structure:
a.Carry point toward the front and lowered
Forcible Entry 8.The firefighter will describe five (5) safety precautions orprocedures to observe on forcible entry operations:
a.Watch for back draft conditionsb. Carry tools with safety in mindc.
Keep all personnel clear of area when using tools
d.Do not place tools where they may be tripped overe.Block open doors and windows used for entry
Forcible Entry9.The firefighter will describe why door control should be maintained when forcing:
a.So the door does not open violently possibly causing a backdraft or flashover condition
Portable Extinguishers1.The firefighter shall verbally state the four (4) methods used to extinguish fire:
a.Removal of fuelb.
Removal of oxygen
c.Reduction of temperatured.Inhibition of chain reaction
Portable Extinguishers 2.The firefighter will name the four (4) classifications of fires and the methods of extinguishment for each:
Class A – ordinary combustibles,
Method of extinguishing – coolingb.Class B – flammable liquids, Method of extinguishing – smotheringc.Class C – energized electrical,Method of extinguishing – de-energize and treatd.Class D – combustible metals,Method of extinguishing – special extinguishingagents like purple K, dry powder
The firefighter shall state four (4) materials Class A
extinguishers will extinguish:
Portable Extinguishers4.The firefighter, given these four (4) symbols, shall name the Class of fire and the color of each:
Red Square: Class B, Flammable LiquidsGreen Triangle: Class A, Ordinary CombustiblesYellow Star: Class D, Combustible MetalsBlue Circle: Class C, Electrical Equipment
Portable Extinguishers 5.
The firefighter shall state two (2) materials Class B
extinguishers will extinguish:
a.Flammable liquidsb.Flammable gases
Portable Extinguishers 6. The firefighter shall simulate putting into operation a Class A extinguisher by the following four (4) steps:
a.Pull pinb.Aim nozzlec.Squeeze handled.
Sweep nozzle back and forth at the base of the
Portable Extinguishers7.The firefighter shall explain the numerical rating onClass A and B extinguishers and give the following examples:
a.Class A – reflects the relative effectiveness ofthe extinguisher.Example:A 4-A extinguisher will extinguish four (4) times as much fuel as1-A extinguisher b.Class B – reflects usage by a non-trainedoperator by square foot.Example:60B extinguisher will extinguish 60 square feet of flammable liquid by non-expert
Salvage1. The firefighter will orally answer the following questions: a.
Name the three (3) purposes of salvage:
(1)Reduce fire damage(2)Reduce smoke damage(3) Reduce water damage
Salvage b.Name four (4) things overhaul consists of:
(1)Search for hidden fires(2)Determine cause of fire(3)Recognize and preserve evidence of arson(4)Place building in safe condition
Salvage c. Name three (3) methods of reducing smoke and water:
(1)Proper ventilation(2)Arrange and cover contents(3)Remove water as soon as possible
Salvage 2.The firefighter will demonstrate the two-man fold using the following seven (7) steps:
a.Cover stretched lengthwise, grasp opposite ends of cover at center grommets, pull and raise cover,shaking wrinkles outb.Spread on ground and grasp open corners with hand nearest to corners and fold in halfc.
Stretch cover tightly, removing wrinkles, and fold
open edges over the folded edged.One firefighter stands on one end while second firefighter on opposite end pulls and shakes wrinkles oute.After removing wrinkles, one firefighter carries hisend to opposite end making sure edges are alignedf.Grasp open ends and fold open ends just short of folded center foldg.Repeat step F until done
Salvage3.The firefighter will demonstrate the balloon throw using thefollowing six (6) steps:
a.Stretched cover along one side of object to be coveredb.Dropped edge of cover closest to the objectc.
Made several accordion folds in hand that is to
make the throw (closest to the object) and placedthe other hand about midway down end hemd.Pulled cover tightly between firefighterse.With the cover as high as firefighters could reach accordion folds were pitched or carried across objectf.
Guided into position as cover floated down over
Salvage4.The firefighter, given the name of the following tools, will remove from the apparatus and give the use of the tool:
(1)Cover contents(2)Route water
Salvageb.Scoop shovel………………….(knew location)
Salvage c.Circuit test light……………….(knew location)
(1)Check electrical outlet for power
Salvage d.Smoke ejector and hanger…….
Salvage e.Carryall……………………….(knew location)
Salvage f.Rug runner……………………(knew location)
(1)Protect floor and carpet
Salvage g.Mop, bucket, and wringer……(knew location)h.
Generator and light………….(knew location)
Salvage 5.The firefighter shall give the purpose of the following: a.Portable sprinkler systemb.Water vacuum c.
(1)Cut off attic or floor fire(1)Remove water (1)Cover contents and holes in exterior of building
Salvage 6.The firefighter will describe how to inspect salvage covers:
a.Over the head looking for holes
Salvage7.The firefighter will describe the four (4) steps used toclean a salvage cover:
a.Wet – use soap if necessaryb.Brush cleanc.
d.Air dry thoroughly
Overhaul1.The firefighter shall state the following three (3) benefits of overhaul and salvage work:
To determine whether the fire extended to other
areas of the building or to other buildingsb.Prevent rekindlec.Detect and safeguard signs of arson
Overhaul 2.The firefighter shall give the name and use of the followingequipment used for overhaul:
a.Pike Pole: Opening ceilingb. Axes: Opening walls or floorsc.
Carry debrisd.Shovels, hooks, fork: Moved baled or loose materials
Overhaul 3.The firefighter shall state the following precaution to take when using hose lines for overhaul:
a.Eliminate indiscriminate use of hose streams in order to protect the scene for investigator
Overhaul4.The firefighter shall state the following rule in regard to partially burned material:
a.Scorched or partially burned articles may be helpfulto an investigator in determining the cause
The firefighter shall state the following five (5) areas to
search when looking for hidden fires:
a.Where floor beams enter wallsb. Within walls and partitionsc.Around window sillsd. Above ceilingse.Insulation material
The firefighter shall state the following seven (7) dangerous
a. Weakened floors due to joists being burned awayb.Concrete that has spalled due to heatc.Weakened steel roof members (tensile strength isaffected at about 500 degrees)d.Walls offset due to elongation of steel roof supporte.
Weakened roof trusses due to burn through of key
membersf.Mortar in wall joints opened due to excessive heatg.Wall ties holding veneer walls melted from heat
Rescue 1.The firefighter shall demonstrate by actual performance the removal of injured persons from the immediatehazard by using the following carries and drags: a.
(1) One rescuer stood at the head of the victim – the second stood at the feet(2)Rescuer at back – arms under the victim’s arms and around the chest – grasped victim’s wrist(3)Rescuer at feet – knelt and grasped victim under knees(4)Two rescuers then stood and carried the victim
Rescueb.Dragging a Victim
(1) Placed bunker coat or blanket beside victim(2) Rolled victim toward rescuer(3)Gathered the material underneath(4)Rolled the victim onto the material(5)Straightened it out(6)Grasped coat or blanket each side of thevictim’s head(7);Raised head enough to clear floor(8);Dragged victim to safety
Rescue;c.Helping a Victim to Walk
(1);Assisted to sitting or standing position(2);Put one arm over the rescuer’s shoulder(3)Secured the arm at the wrist(4)Other arm placed around the waist(5)Helped victim to walk
Rescue2. The firefighter shall demonstrate using a blacked-out mask(simulating smoke), how to search a room for fire victims:
Continued in same direction as started
b.Kept in contact with walls, if hose or guideline isnot availablec.Checked center of roomd.Checked under bedse.Used a tool to assist with search
Rescue3.The firefighter shall demonstrate and explain the use of a life belt:a.
Demonstrated the use of life belt when climbing aerial ladders:
(1)Place life belt snugly around waist(2)Hook was placed over rung(3)Hook lock secure, if available
Rescue4.Life belts should be inspected:
a.After each useb. Weekly
Personal Protective Equipment 1.
The firefighter will orally name the four (4) hazardous
a.High heatb.Oxygen deficiencyc.Toxic gasd.Smoke
Personal Protective Equipment 2.
The firefighter will state the most common poisonous fire
Personal Protective Equipment3.The firefighter will list four (4) characteristics of carbon monoxide:
c.Combines 200 times faster with blood than 02d.Found at all fires
Personal Protective Equipment 4.The firefighter will describe Buddy Breathing Procedure:
a.The person needing air will alert the donor andrequest air.b.
The donor will remove the dust cap from his
Extend-Aire block and hold it out for the recipient.c.The receiver will then locate the donor’s block.d.The receiver will then disconnect their hose from their Extend-Aire block and press their coupling onto the fitting of the donor’s block.e.Tug on the hose to ensure it is properly engaged.f.The recipient will move to the donor’s left side, place a hand on the donor’s SCBA, and follow them out of the IDLH environment.