Jewish Literacy
  Name the five books of the Torah in English and/or Hebrew.
  Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy (Beresheit, Shmot, Vayikra, Bemidbar, Dvarim)
First President of Israel
 Chaim Weizmann
What is the Mishna?
 The oral Torah–canonized circa 200 CE
 How many parts are in the Mishna?
Six 1.

Zeraim (“Seeds”), dealing with prayer and blessings, tithes and agricultural laws (11 tractates)2. Moed (“Festival”), pertaining to the laws of the Sabbath and the Festivals (12 tractates)3. Nashim (“Women”), concerning marriage and divorce, some forms of oaths and the laws of the nazirite (7 tractates)4. Nezikin (“Damages”), dealing with civil and criminal law, the functioning of the courts and oaths (10 tractates)5. Kodashim (“Holy things”), regarding sacrificial rites, the Temple, and the dietary laws (11 tractates) and6. Tohorot (“Purities”), pertaining to the laws of purity and impurity, including the impurity of the dead, the laws of food purity and bodily purity (12 tractates).

  What is a heksher?
  A symbol on food items that shows if it is kosher.

  The three parts of the Hebrew Bible/Tanach
 Torah (Teaching), Nevi’im (Prophets), Ketuvim (Writings)
  Who was Theodore Herzl?
  Visionary of Zionism
 Where does the story of Purim take place?
Shushan, Persia
What is the Israeli parliament called?
 The Knesset
What is the significance of breaking the glass at a Jewish wedding?
  Even in our happiest moment, we should remember the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem.
  What are three objects you might use during Sukkot?
  Lulav, Etrog, Sukkah
  Which document is used to dissolve a Jewish marriage?
  Who was Eliezer Ben-Yehuda? 
Father of Modern Hebrew
 What are the three Jewish pilgrimage holidays?
  Pesach (Passover), Sukkot, and Shavuot
Who is the current Prime Minister of Israel(as of 10/13/2011)?
Binyamin (Bibi) Netanyahu
The Ten Commandments
1)    One G-d2)    You shall have no other gods 3)    Don’t take God’s name in vain 4)    Keep the Sabbath 5)    Honor your father and your mother 6)    Don’t murder 7)    Don’t commit adultery 8)    Don’t steal 9)    Don’t bear false witness 10)  Don’t covet
  What is Tu B’Shevat?
  The birthday of the trees/the 15th of Shevat
What is Havdalah and when is it usually done?
Havdalah is a ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and holidays, and ushers in the new week.

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Shabbat ends on Saturday night after the appearance of three stars in the sky.

  What does Rosh Hashanah mean?
Head of the year?
What Jewishly significant event occurred in the year 1492?
The explusion of the Jews from Spain
What is a minyan and how many people do you need to make one?
A Minyan is a quorum of 10 people (over the age of bar/bat mitzvah) required to have a proper service. In some Jewish denomimations only men are included in a Minyan.
What is the capital of Israel?
  What is the Talmud?
  Central Jewish text (combination of the Mishna and Gemara) pertaining to laws and ethics – canonized circa 400-700 CE
What is a yad and what is its purpose?
A yad , literally, “hand,” is a Jewish ritual pointer, used to point to the text during the Torah reading
What does IDF stand for?
Israeli Defense Force