Khamanni HowingtonMs. Dumble EWRC21 December 2017 04Racial ProfilingIn the article “The NYPD: Guilty of saving 7,383 Lives” by Ray Kelly, he defends his record as the city’s top cop. Kelly uses data to compare statistics of numbers of murder New York City before mayor came into office, in the last eleven years. Kelly argues that critics are still not satisfied with the murder rate, even though it’s at the lowest level in half a century. Ray Kelly and his department has come under high criticism of NYPD stop and frisk practices.
Which lawsuits were filed against them from surveillance from a body camera of one of the officers were released. In my opinion I disagree with the authors argument. I disagree because racial profiling has increased in the states. Data shown from Stanford researchers reveal the increase in police stoppings.
In the article “Stanford researchers develop new statistical test that shows racial profiling in police traffic stops” the author states ” collected data on 50 million traffic stops in 11 states”(Edmund Andrews). The purpose of the data collected is to make it available to the public to show racial profiling is still active. Racial profiling is a well established difficult national complication notwithstanding the amendments and laws passed for equal rights and protection.
It occurs everyday in minority communities, when law enforcement make judgement off stereotypes and characteristics. In the article “How the Supreme Court Authorized Racial Profiling” the author claims “The supreme courts first step to sanction racial profiling was Terry vs Ohio, an 8-1 ruling that developed the “reasonable suspicion standard (the stop and frisk rule)”(Guner Olsen). The quote provides evidence to my claim that there’s a law against racial profiling but it still happens in America.
Law enforcement is supposed to protect our rights, not violate them. Black and Hispanic pedestrians are consistently stopped and frisked without a reasonable cause. New Yorkers have been put through police stopping and street interrogations more than 5 million times since 2002. In the article “Racial Profiling” posted by ACLU Blogs states that “Blacks accounted for 30% of all persons stopped in there precincts; Hispanics accounted for 23.
4% of all persons are regularly stopped by NYPD SCU”(ACLU).This data shows that blacks and Hispanics are regularly stopped and frisked in New York, even though Kelly claims in his article that it has decreased majorly. This evidence makes people concerned with the question , what role does race play when law enforcement stop and search motorists?Despite training to refrain from discrimination, officers may still rely on ethnicity stereotypes and act on their conscience of a person’s characteristics. Criminal profiling, is usually practiced by security and police is the reliance on a group of characteristics they believe to be involved with crime. In the article “Racial Profiling” posted by ACLU Blogs states that “The targeting of shoppers/business patrons of color for suspicion of shoplifting by private security and other employees has disproportionately affected both working and prominent African American women”(ACLU). Discrimination is widespread across many sectors and specifically in law enforcement. Racial profiling happens in businesses and companies based on characteristics and stereotypes of the race the person.
Racial profiling undermines public safety and disappreciate police community assurance. It undermines the credibility of the police and without credibility police lose their capability and authority to function correctly. In the article “Racial Profiling destroyed public trust in police” a study from LAPD shows “minority communities that have been unfairly targeted in the past, continue to experience greater mistrust and fear of police officers”(Ranjana Natarajan).How are minority communities being abused by the ones who are supposed to protect them and their rights. There will be no trust in law enforcement when the odds are against you.
Racial profiling and excessive force by police are unconstitutional, but still occurs in today’s society. Using race, ethnicity or religion as a proxy for suspicion violates the law the the law enforcement must accord equal protection of the laws. Protected by the fourth amendments nt no unreasonable searches and seizures and the fourteenth amendment that guarantees equal protection. Introducing interventions that involve raising awareness of implicit bias and discrimination. R