Knowledge is one of the essential assets in anyorganization these days including Government Research Institute in Selangor. Theimplementation of knowledge management can help improve the organisation’s operation and services.
Knowledge is often defined as a justifiedpersonal belief. The most major qualification is amongst tacit and explicitknowledge where tacit knowledge is about the experiences of the person who haveknowledge where people share the knowledge to another by verbalizing it.Explicit knowledge is documented information where it exists as words,sentences, reports, sorted out information, PC programs and in other expressstructures. Successful implementation of knowledge management requires a reasonable identificationof the business issue to be explained and an arrangement of the knowledgemanagement project with global business ideas. Through KM, organizations needto obtain beneficial knowledge and to make it accessible to the individuals whocan utilize it at once and place that is suitable for them to accomplish most effectiveusage to completely impact organizational performance. It is usually believed thatif an organization can expand its effective knowledge operation by just alittle rate, incredible advantages will come about.Figure1: KM in an organizationKnowledge management is a strategic, organized way to deal with thecreation, sharing gathering and utilizing of information as a hierarchicalresource, to upgrade an organization’s capacity, speed and viability inconveying items or administrations for the advantage of customers, inaccordance with its business procedure.
Knowledge management takes place onthree levels which is the individual level, team level and organizationallevel. It is a holistic solution incorporating an assortment of points of view whichis people, process, culture and infrastructure or technology perspectives.Else, knowledge management is an approach that numerous business organizationsreceive to upgrade their business function and operation.
The implementation ofknowledge management in an organisation tolerates enhancement of the speed ofdata and information timeliness, productand service dynamics and the expanded globalization of yield (Greiner et al., 2007). Previous studies haveexpressed that the procedure ofknowledge management implementation is impacted by HR, IT and knowledge management practice. in order tobe creative and innovative, an organization need to focus on the technology, peopleand practices required for its implementation (Chong, 2006).There are manygeneral obstructions that need to go through in order for knowledge managementimplementation to be successful. These obstructions contain perspectives of thesense of knowledge management and its execution in an organization,hierarchical culture, shared comprehension of knowledge management andconstrained purchase in from top administration or supporting staff (Plessisand Boon, 2004, Lang, 2001). Moreover, low retention rates of staff because ofnew chances emerging in the market, make a high abrasion rate in most firstworld nations (Lindsey, 2006).The other reasonsincluding the implementation cost (McCann and Buckner, 2004), the role ofinnovation and staff ability levels, organization administration style, clientacknowledgment and role of understanding basic learning to keep (McCann andBuckner, 2004).
Understanding what these obstructions are imperative torecognize regions of shortcoming that a knowledge management program may haveforthright. Along these lines, organization can handle the issues and try toassemble components to conquer them before the implementation.In conclusion,many organization finally realize that they need to become knowledge-basedorganisations to work effectively and successfully.
Therefore, a few oforganization know and fully understand the importance of knowledge managementand how to continue by implementing knowledge management in their organization.