Listening to Music Will Not Make YouSmarter Music is a part of our life. Mostpeople choose to listen to music to release their stress and reduce thepressure of daily life. Besides relaxing emotions, some students listen tomusic while studying because they think that it is an effective way to helpthem enhance their concentration. Also, some parents believe that listening toclassical music has significant benefits for a children’s brain development.However, there are several misunderstandings about the relationship between themusic and the brain development.
Learning to play music has abundant advantagesfor brain development, but listening to music does not have any significantimpact for our brain. Simply listening to music will not increase intelligence,improve concentration and memorization, or strengthen cognitive function. However,music may make a person smarter if the person has music training or analyzesmusic when he listens to music, actively participating in the music. People believe that the music canincrease the intelligence quotient because they are misled by the phrase of the”Mozart effect”. According to “skeptic’s dictionary”, “The Mozart effect is aterm coined by Alfred A. Tomatis for the alleged increase in brain developmentthat occurs in children under age three when they listen to the music ofWolfgang Amadeus Mozart” (Carroll). The idea of Mozart effect is based onresearch by the University of California, Irvine, which illustrates that someinterviewers have a cognitive improvement after listening to the Mozart Sonata.
When the research is published, people incontestably believe that listening toclassical music has a significant effect on the brain development; specially toenhance the intelligence of young children and babies. Therefore, many schoolsand parents practice the theory of the Mozart effect for improving the child’sintelligence. People are misled by the term “Mozarteffect” because the experiment is focused on the college students but not focuson children. According to journalist Claudia Hammond, “For a short time thestudents were better at spatial tasks … But unfortunately, as the authors makeclear at the time, this effect lasts for about fifteen minutes” (Hammond). Thearticle points out that the effect does not last long, so listening toclassical music can stimulate the human brain to perform well within a shorttime, but listening to Mozart or any other type of music does not have anability to improve the long-term intellectual development. In “Mozart nice butdoesn’t increase IQs”, the writer gets a similar result from another testing,”The students who listened to the sonata did no better than …simply relaxedbefore taking the test” (Rochelle). The concept of Mozart Effect informs someparents and widely used in music education that gives an unclear idea to therelationship between listening to music and brain development.
However, inrecent year, many researchers prove that Mozart Effect does not have an amazingoutcome of the intelligence. Listening to music during studying hasa bad effect on people’s memorizing. According to the senior medicalcorrespondent Elizabeth Landau, “Music may impair cognitive abilities in thesescenarios because if you’re trying to memorize thing in order, you may getthrown off by the changing words and notes in your chosen song.” (Landau). Mostpeople need to put effort and repeat the process several times to memorize anew information.
If the memorizing process in interrupted, people have toestablish the procedure again, and the effectiveness of learning becomedecrease. Some students claimthat listening to music during the study can help them concentrate andmemorizing things, but this statement is only true under several conditions. Studentsusually listen to popular songs while they study because music helps them tostay away from the noise or distraction, but music with lyrics can decrease theconcentration of reading even though the song is student’s favor. In thearticle “Does music help you study?”, “whether students enjoyed the music ornot, having it on while the worked was just as distracting as hearing someonetalk” (Doraiswam).
Reading is the fundamental way for absorbing the knowledge andlearning, but listening to music, especially songs with lyrics, is like peopletalking closely to you, and that can easily disturb the learning process, sostudents studying without music have more efficiency of learning. Someresearchers state that listening to music could help people focus whilestudying, but people need to fulfill several conditions for achieving thestatement. Listening to music help helps some people with studying becausemusic could create a relaxing atmosphere which is helpful for reducing blood pressuresand normalize heart rate. Listening to music can help to modify people’s mood, butpassive listening does not improve cleverness because exercise is a crucialelement for enhancing brain function. According to the world-classendurance athlete Christopher Bergland claims, “Researchers have known fordecades that aerobic exercise is good for the human brain.
..Researchers werealso able to artificially increase the levels of irisin in the blood which activatedgenes involved in learning and memory” (Bergland). Also, a developmentalneurobiologist Mo Costandi says, “playing a musical instrument is a rich andcomplex experience … and learning to do so can induce long-lasting changes inthe brain” (Costandi). Instrumental training involves the different parts ofthe brain that improve different mental function. Also, the effect can hold fora long time, but listening to music is a passive and anaerobic activity, andpeople’s brains do nothing when they simply listen, so actively playing musicis a good way to increase the intelligence because people who play and listento music simultaneously can activate even more parts of the brain.
Undoubtedly, listening to music isuseful for reducing the depression and releasing the stress, but listening tomusic does not improve and sharpen the brain function directly or make peoplesmarter. Nevertheless, most people misunderstand the benefit between learningan instrument and listening to music. Both activities are the relation tomusic, but the effect of brain function are different. Although playing musichas a significant improvement for the brain development, passively listening tomusic does not have the same effect.