Lord of the flies is a British novel written by William Golding, in
1954. In this book author writes a story about a group of British teenagers who
were evacuated from England because of the war, but their airplane crushes and
they got stuck in an island, without any grown-ups with them. This book talks
about how they try to survive and how boys get split in two group savagery, and Civilization. Author wants to
describe that how a group of young boys try to govern themselves in an unknown
island. Ralph, Jack, Piggy, Simon, Sam
and Eric, and Roger are main characters.
Ralph was walking, and trying to explore the island, he meets
piggy. Piggy and Ralph talk to each other and they find out that their plane
crushed and they are probably in an island without grown-ups. Ralph makes fun
of Piggy because of his nickname, which is Piggy. Piggy is fat, he has asthma,
he puts on spectacles and he does not his nickname repeated. Ralph is pretty
excited, but Piggy is concerned. They want to find everyone who is in this
island. They suddenly find a conch shell in a pool of water. Piggy knows how it
works how to do to make a trumpet like sound but he has never done this because
of the Asthma he has. He tries to explain how it works to Ralph. Ralph blows in
it few times finally he becomes able to make a sound, and he calls up any other
boy that has probably survived.
The first person who comes to Piggy and Ralph is a littlun named
Johnny. A group of boys having a long cloak
also start to appear from middle of the forest. This is a choir which is led by
Jack who says no one is going to come we need to take care of ourselves. Slowly
everyone who has survived assembles in the beach. Ralph starts to talk and he
says they need a chief and some sort of rules. Boys vote for Ralph to become
their chief. In this time Jack gets humiliated. Ralph Jack, Ralph, and Simon
climb on mountains to find out where are they.
He makes jack the leader of hunters’ choir. They find out that they
are in and Island, and there are pigs they can hunt. First pig Jack wants to
hunt runs away.
Ralph calls boys up for another assembly and he tells to everyone
that they are in an island and they are alone without any adults. He says
anyone who has the conch can talk. This rule shows us that Ralph wants
civilization and order in everything. During this assembly suddenly a littlun
catches the conch and asks Ralphs opinion about snake or the Beast. This moment
is actually root of all conflict in this story. Ralph says there is not any
beast, but Jack says we are strong and brave enough to kill or hunt the beast.
In this part there is two ways; boys either go to Ralph’s way or Jack’s way.
Ralph says there should be a small signal fire lit on the top of mountain so
that if any ship passes by can recognize them, and rescue them. Boys run up to
the mountain and make a huge and uncontrollable fire using Piggy’s spectacles.
Jack keeps hunting even when everyone else got tired, but can’t
catch anything. Ralph is busy with making shelters, everyone else except Simon
plays or swims, but Simon helps Ralph in making shelters. In this time Jack and
Ralph get into an argument, because both of them are very tired and both of
them can’t convince each other. Meanwhile, a boy called Roger starts bullying
and throwing stone at a littlun called Henry he makes sure stones don’t hit
Henry, but it is okay with Roger if stones hit Henry.
Jack goes and finds color to paint his face, and starts to do a war
dance. He painted his face because he thinks pigs run away when they see his
pink face. He starts to hunt again, and finally he manages to kill a pig. While
he and other guys are busy with killing pig the signal fire burns out. On the
other hand, Ralph sees a ship in the sea. He, Simon, and Piggy start to rush up
to the mountain top but ship disappears. Ralph gets so angry, and he confronts
Jack for loosing rescue ship. Jack gets humiliated, and he can’t do anything to
Ralph, instead he smacks piggy, and breaks his glasses. Jack apologizes from
Ralph for letting fire burn out.
Later on Ralph again calls boys for an assembly he says that boys
are not doing what they said they would do like keeping the signal fire lit,
building shelters, or pouring water in shells. Ralph starts a debate on why are
they getting apart as group, and he adds that there is nothing to be afraid of.
Jack snatches the conch, and says that littluns are crying because they are sissies,
and crybabies, and he says that there is not any beast. Piggy claims that he
agrees with some of the things that Jack has told, but not all, and he says
that littluns are afraid of each other.
A littlun, named Phil, suggests that beast comes from water. This
claim terrifies almost everyone. Another littlun blurts out that it is a ghost.
Piggy yells at them saying they are stupid. Jack tells him to shut up, and
fights with him over the conch. Jack says Ralph shut up, and says that he is
not a good chief. Jack says he is not afraid of the beast, and he is brave
enough to kill, and hunt the beast.
Ralph talking to Piggy and Simon says that he wants to give up on
being the chief, but Simon and Piggy convince him not to do that saying that
Jack hates Ralph, and Piggy, and he would hunt both of them.
At night, up in the sky and air battle occurs, and a dead parachute
man falls down near to the top of the mountain in the island. Sam and Eric who
were going to collect firewood for signal fire saw this parachute and they
think it is the Beast. They ran away from the Beast to the Boys in the camps,
and tell that they had seen the Beast to everyone. This news terrifies
everyone. Jack, Ralph, and other older boys go to look for beast at a place
they have never explo0red before, Castle Rock, at the far end of the island.
They could not find any beast there so they turned around, and got
the way to go to the mountain top. On their way they stopped to do some
hunting, and Ralph got a taste of it. Then boys did some fun things, one of
them pretended to be the pig, and other boys pretended to they are attacking
him. This is quite violent. It was dark everywhere when they got to the
mountain, but Jack insists to keep going. Jack, Roger, and Ralph climbed up the
mountain in the dark, they saw the beast and ran back to the shelters, where
everyone was there.
In the beach Jack tries to convince boys to take Ralph out of his
Chief, instead vote for Jack to become the chief, but none of the boys accept
it. Jack gets humiliated again, and says he is not going to play with them
Jack asks boys anyone who wants to go hunting can accompany him,
many of the older boys join Jack. All of the hunters painted their faces, and
did war dance. They killed a pig. Jack and Roger put the head on a stake that
they had already dug in the ground. Jack and his tribe raid Ralph’s group to
take fire from signal fire on the top of mountain. Jack’s tribe invited Ralph’s
boys to come to the feast, and also them that they can join Jack’s tribe if
Simon often wanders off alone by his own sees the Pig’s heads. Head
says to Simon that it’s the beast and Lord of the Flies; also he says that
beast is not something they could kill or hunt. The head laughs at Simon and
says Beast is inside the boys.
Simon rushes up to the mountain to find out what that dead
parachuter really is, and he sees it. Simon hurries up to go to the boys and
tell them that there is not any beast.
Ralph and Piggy had gone to the Jacks feast. Everyone was there
except Simon. Most of the boys had joined Jack’s tribe. Jack makes all the boys
to do hunting dance and chant, “Kill the Beast. Cut his throat. Spill his
blood.” At this time Simon out of the forest to tell everyone that there is not
any beast, but a dead man in the parachute, but boys all kill him, even Ralph.
The next day Ralph, Piggy, Sam, and Eric wanted to pretend that
they were not part of what happened to Simon. At night Jack’s tribe once again
attacked Ralph’s group to steal Piggy’s glasses so that they can make fire
anytime they want.
Ralph, Piggy, Sam, and Eric had their last meeting, with the conch.
Piggy held the conch and said that he want to go and demand his glasses back.
They went to Castle Rock, but the boys there didn’t allow them in. Jack comes
back from the jungle and has Sam and Eric tied up. Jack and Ralph fought
together, but Piggy interrupts and asks boys whether it is good to believe and
follow the rules and get rescued or to hunt, and disobey the rules. While he
was talking Roger dislodges a huge stone that breaks down the conch, and kills
Piggy. Jack threw his spear at Ralph, but Ralph ran away. Jack and Roger
prepared to torture Sam and Eric.
At night while Jack’s tribe were having a feast, Ralph came to talk
to Sam and Eric. Same and Eric told Ralph he was going to get hunted next day,
and also that Roger had sharpened a stake at both ends.
Next day during the hunt, Ralph hid in the bushes, but Sam and Eric
told Jack where he was hiding. Jack puts all the bushes on fire, and his tribe
formed a line to find Ralph.
Jack sets whole island on fire and Ralph ran out to the beach where
a police officer had just arrived, investigating the fire.
Police officer asked few questions from Ralph. Ralph answered.
Ralph was trying to explain what happened during the time that they were in
this island, but his deep sadness didn’t let him and he started to weep and
sob, when he started sobbing other littluns also started sobbing. Boys got
In “Lord of the Flies” William Golding
represents his point of view or perspective on men. Based on the point of time
when Golding wrote and published this book, there was World War II going on and
after that a lot of other wars happened on Earth. Golding based on those
experiences of him expresses his harsh view about human kind.