In “Lord of the Flies,” William Golding presents a rather pessimistic view on human nature. Golding illustrates through symbolism and through his characters that the instinctual evil that lies within every individual is unavoidable. It is shown throughout the novel, that without the restrictions and punishments created by society to demonstrate a democratic state, human beings would eventually lose touch of civilization and turn towards barbaric ways to meet the most basic necessities. Therefore, a mortal being is inherently evil, and the evil has always been within a fragile individual’s soul, and is only waiting to be released.Within every individual there is an aggressive but often misunderstood struggle between the right and wrong. Initially at the beginning of the novel, with the leadership of Ralph and the intellectual thinking of Piggy, the boys were able to act according to the moral ideologies present during their upbringing, and listen to their oblivious and uncorrupted conscience.
With the conch acting as the symbol of civilization and order, the children are able to maintain peace on the island. The children seemingly were capable of leaving their own personal struggles behind to designate jobs, build shelters and live in perfect unity in what could have been described as the Garden of Eve in the perspective of Ralph as “he might have been swimming in a huge bath”, and “set foot on a carefree island of eternal paradise”. As time progressed, though, Jack who is the antagonist, and indeed the degression of Ralphbegins to show the savage side of human nature. His anxious desire for authority gives him the strength to kill another living being, as it is described vividly that “His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long sati..