Low eye, kidney, and nerves damage. In this

Low Blood Sugar Level (Hypoglycemia) is a condition reached
when the blood sugar level drops too low, which can result in diabetic coma and
ultimately leads to the death of the patient.

High Blood Sugar Level (Hyperglycemia) is an unsafe state where
the blood sugar level remains too high. If it continues to be in this state for
a longer term, it causes many health problems which might include heart
disease, eye, kidney, and nerves damage. In this phase, insulin is manually or
automatically injected into the patient’s body to balance and maintain blood
sugar level in the safe state.

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Safe Blood Sugar Level: This is a safe zone where the blood
sugar level is within the safe band. This level can be

compared to those who don’t have diabetes and can be
referred

to as the ideal band. In this zone, we do not inject insulin.

Pancreas is the organ in our abdominal cavity that produces

digestive enzymes which get released into the intestine and

also release different hormones including insulin.

Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which

raised the blood glucose level. It is produced in the alpha
cells

in the islets of Langerhans in our pancreas. Glucagon can
also

be given by injection to reverse a severe hypo.

Glucose is a simple sugar that generated from the digestion

of starch, sweet food and from the liver that makes glucose.

Carbohydrates come from food that we intake. During the

digestion, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose. They

are the main source of energy in our diet and include all
sugars

and starches.

Blood glucose level is the amount of glucose in our blood.

Bolus is an extra amount of insulin taken to cover an

expected rise in blood glucose, often it is related to a
meal

or snack.

Basal rate The amount of insulin required to manage

normal daily blood glucose variations.

Diabetes is the condition in which the patient’s body does

not properly process food to generate energy. Generally, the

food consumed is broken down into glucose, or sugar. The

pancreas, an organ which lies near the stomach, makes a

hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of

our bodies. But when a person has diabetes pancreases will

not function properly which produces insulin to keep the
blood

sugar level in control at the same time when sugar level is
very

low it can’t produce enough glucagon to keep the sugar level

balanced.

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