Low Blood Sugar Level (Hypoglycemia) is a condition reached
when the blood sugar level drops too low, which can result in diabetic coma and
ultimately leads to the death of the patient.
High Blood Sugar Level (Hyperglycemia) is an unsafe state where
the blood sugar level remains too high. If it continues to be in this state for
a longer term, it causes many health problems which might include heart
disease, eye, kidney, and nerves damage. In this phase, insulin is manually or
automatically injected into the patient’s body to balance and maintain blood
sugar level in the safe state.
Safe Blood Sugar Level: This is a safe zone where the blood
sugar level is within the safe band. This level can be
compared to those who don’t have diabetes and can be
to as the ideal band. In this zone, we do not inject insulin.
Pancreas is the organ in our abdominal cavity that produces
digestive enzymes which get released into the intestine and
also release different hormones including insulin.
Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which
raised the blood glucose level. It is produced in the alpha
in the islets of Langerhans in our pancreas. Glucagon can
be given by injection to reverse a severe hypo.
Glucose is a simple sugar that generated from the digestion
of starch, sweet food and from the liver that makes glucose.
Carbohydrates come from food that we intake. During the
digestion, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose. They
are the main source of energy in our diet and include all
Blood glucose level is the amount of glucose in our blood.
Bolus is an extra amount of insulin taken to cover an
expected rise in blood glucose, often it is related to a
Basal rate The amount of insulin required to manage
normal daily blood glucose variations.
Diabetes is the condition in which the patient’s body does
not properly process food to generate energy. Generally, the
food consumed is broken down into glucose, or sugar. The
pancreas, an organ which lies near the stomach, makes a
hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of
our bodies. But when a person has diabetes pancreases will
not function properly which produces insulin to keep the
sugar level in control at the same time when sugar level is
low it can’t produce enough glucagon to keep the sugar level