Mosteconomic issues arise because of scarcity of resources. Thus, it is crucial touse, produce and distribute these resources in an efficient manner. Nowadays,we often interchange between the use of market reasoning and moral reasoning,between using the available resources and improving, between the man`s economicneed to survive even if morality is at stake and the use of maximizing scarceresources. These arises the issues of black market in the selling of humanorgans, prostitution, surrogate mother and other moral issues made us think onwhat is really morally and ethically upright to do? Doesthe end justify the means? MichaelJ. Sandel, in his lecture entitled WhatMoney Can`t Buy: The Moral Limits of Market is an awakening call for toall. There are actually important things in life that money can`t buy likefriendship, love, trust worthiness, home, family and the like but so to speakthe scarcity of resources with unlimited wants enables a person to do unethicaland immoral act to survive. The well renowned 18th-century philosopher ImmanuelKant held that we are obligated always to act in a way that expresses respectfor the dignity of humanity.
He believed that all of us, no matter where on thearray of wealth, talent, happiness, or other regard we may be, have a worthbeyond price – we are valuable. Itwould good to every Filipino citizen to have high regard of moral individuality, love ofGod and fear on Him, fear for the sins committed in words, thoughts, and deedsbut forever joyful because God loves mankind so much that He gave his onlybegotten son Jesus Christ to save them from our sins. It is the duty of everyChristian to share God`s love to all and giving value of the life that God hasgiven.
Today this issue of market reasoning for moral reasoning is aphenomenon. This is happening and yet only a few have given attention on thisor maybe others know it already but enjoyed the perks of wealth and happinessat the expense of others. The gap between the rich and the poor is growing.Thus, the distribution of wealth also displays increasing inequality, it`sdirectly proportional. Someone recently calculated that the total wealth of theentire bottom 40 percent of the American population equals the wealth of oneman, Bill Gates – over $40 billion. Is there anything wrong with this gap? Theanswer is, yes there is and this could be best illustrated to the differentmoral issues underlying behind and beyond.
According to Sandel, too muchinequality in the basic structure of society undermines the fairness ofagreements people make—to undertake certain jobs, for example, at a given wage.In a sharply unequal society, people are not truly free to choose and pursuetheir values and ends. Ifonly society were arranged so that people’s choices to buy and sell things weretruly – a hundred one percent voluntary, rather than polluted by unfairbargaining conditions where the poor has left no choice. What that, moral,common goods, ethical acts may exists. The freewill and intellect given to uscan be used accordingly and with accountability. As what the philosopher Rousseausaid man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.