In 2008 history was made in the United States when Barack Obama was elected as the first African-American President. He has stated that he was raised in Chicago Illinois by a single mother who struggled, but still found a way to instill their family morals and principals in him. I think that the aggression from the psychoanalytical view was a necessary component that ultimately helped him win the presidency as well as the humanistic view because he used his experience as a senator as a platform for his campaign.
The diversity view seems to have been what some people tried to use as a weak point in his campaign because of the fact that President Obama is both African-American and White, it seems as if they wanted him to choose sides. President Obama has respect and understanding for the needs of every culture and religion and I believe this is one of the reasons he was elected president. According to Henry Murray the following list describes psychogenic needs. Achievement: To accomplish something difficult.
To master, manipulate, or organize physical objects, human beings, or ideas. To do this as rapidly and as independently as possible. Affiliation: To draw near and enjoyably cooperate or reciprocate with an allied other (another who resembles the subject or who likes the subject). Aggression: To overcome opposition forcefully. To fight. To revenge an injury. To attack, injure, or kill another. To oppose forcefully or punish another. Autonomy: To get free, shake off restraint, break out of confinement. To resist coercion and restriction.
Dominance: To control one’s human environment. To influence or direct the behavior of others by suggestion seduction, persuasion, or command. To dissuade, restrain, or prohibit. Exhibition: To make an impression. To be seen and heard. Harm avoidance: To avoid pain, physical injury, illness, and death. Nurturance: To give sympathy to and gratify the needs of a helpless object: an infant or any object that is weak, disabled, tired, inexperienced, infirm, defeated, humiliated, lonely, dejected, sick, mentally confused. Order: To put things in order.
To achieve cleanliness, arrangement, balance, neatness, tidiness, and precision. Sentience: To seek and enjoy sensuous impressions. Sex: To form and further an erotic relationship. To have sexual intercourse Play: To act for ‘‘fun’’ without further purpose. Succorance: To have one’s needs gratified by the sympathetic aid of an allied object. Understanding: To ask or answer general questions. To be interested in theory (McAdams 2009). ? References McAdams, D. P. (2009) The Person: A new introduction to personality psychology. (5th edition) Hoboken, NJ: Wiley (Ch. 7 P. 280-299)