National Education Policy,1986 Introduction: In a diversecountry like India, In order to achieve education for all there is need ofspecial education program.
So many attempts have been made by the Government ofIndia for achieving this goal. It was timely come through policy formulation,starting course of action and taking initiative. For providing education to thepeople, Government of India take a important initiative in 1986 and formulate apolicy called as National Policy of Education, 1986 and Policy Modified in 1992which is known as Program of Action.First National Policy of Education was formulated in1968 for improving the educational status and providing quality education toall in our country.
It followed by a five yearly review to check progress ofpolicy. The National Policy of Education of 1986 is the result of the reviewswhich was discussed and adopted during the budget session of1985 when RajivGandhi was the prime minister of India. Main Objectives:1 . Universalaccess and enrolment,2 . Promotevocational course and institutions,3 . Provideeducation to all children,4 . Provide specialtraining to teachers for increasing quality education,5 . Providecomputer education,6 .
Promote womeneducation,7 . Promoteresearch and development,8 . Promote adult education, education for the mentally andphysically challenged persons,9 .
Promote non-formal education,10 . Start open universities and distance learning centre,11 . Start rural university. Programs for achievingabove objectives: Sarva Shiksha AbhiyanProgram:SSA has been introduced in 2001 forassuring objectives of universal access and enrolment, bridging of gender andsocial category gaps in elementary education and improving the quality oflearning.
opening of new schools and alternate schooling facilities, toiletsand drinking water, regular teacher in service training and academic resourcesupport, free textbooks& uniforms and support for improving learningachievement levels / outcome. Mid-day Meal Scheme:Forenhancing enrolment, retention and attendance and improving nutritional levelsamong children, the National Program of Nutritional Support to PrimaryEducation (NP-NSPE) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 15th August1995.In 2001MDMS became a cooked Mid Day Meal Scheme under which every child in everyGovernment and Government aided primary school was to be served a prepared MidDay Meal with a minimum content of 300 calories of energy and 8-12 gram proteinper day for a minimum of 200 day RashtriyaMadhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme:RMSAwas launched in March, 2009 with the objective to enhance access to secondaryeducation and to improve its quality. Main objective of this program was toachieve an enrolment rate of 75% from 52.26% by providing a secondary schoolwithin a reasonable distance of any locality.
The other objectives includeimproving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making allsecondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economicand disability barriers, providing universal access to secondary leveleducation by 2017.Some important facilities provided under the scheme are:(i)Additional class rooms, (ii) Laboratories, (iii) Libraries, (iv) Drinking waterfacilities and (v) Residential apartment for teachers.ICT Program:The Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT) in Schools was launched in December, 2004 for providingopportunities to secondary stage students to learn computer.
The Scheme isplaying major role in increasing digital literacy among students of varioussocio economic and other geographical background. Now ICT in Schools is acomponent of the RMSA. The National Instituteof Open Schooling:N I O S formerlyknown as National Open School (NOS) was established in November1989 as anautonomous organization in pursuance of National Policy on Education 1986 bythe Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. NIOS isproviding a number of Vocational and community oriented courses besides Generaland Academic Courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary level. It was startedwith objective of Provide education through Open and Distance Learning System.
Conclusion: (A) In 1985 Government of India released a document’Challenge of Education A Policy Perspective’ it was based on the status of thepresent Indian education. The aims behind the releasing of document was toinitiate a debate among the stakeholders to formulating a new educationalpolicy ; (B) the NPE 1986 is formulated after the enactment of the 42ndamendment in the Constitution of India by which education was transferred fromthe state list to the concurrent list with the aim of improving educationalstatus of the country (C) for the first time the Union Government through itsMinistry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) shouldered the responsibility offormulating a policy without constituting a commission. As in conclusion note itcould be said that NEP 1986 is working with aims of development of human resource, increasing democratic values amongthe youth. For achieving this aims Government of India subsequentlyreleased programs and schemes. References:1 .
National Policy on Education,1986(Modified 1992),www.ncert.nic.in/oth_anoun/npe86.
pdf 2 . 11 Salient Features of National Policy onEducation (1986)www.yourarticlelibrary.com/education/11…national-policy-on-education-1986/7682 3 .
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA)rmsaindia.gov.in/ 4 . Constitutional Amendment to MakeEducation a Fundamental …