National to the people, Government of India take

                   National Education Policy,



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 In a diverse
country like India, In order to achieve education for all there is need of
special education program. So many attempts have been made by the Government of
India for achieving this goal. It was timely come through policy formulation,
starting course of action and taking initiative. For providing education to the
people, Government of India take a important initiative in 1986 and formulate a
policy called as National Policy of Education, 1986 and Policy Modified in 1992
which is known as Program of Action.

First National Policy of Education was formulated in
1968 for improving the educational status and providing quality education to
all in our country. It followed by a five yearly review to check progress of
policy. The National Policy of Education of 1986 is the result of the reviews
which was discussed and adopted during the budget session of1985 when Rajiv
Gandhi was the prime minister of India.


Main Objectives:

1 . Universal
access and enrolment,

2 . Promote
vocational course and institutions,

3 . Provide
education to all children,

4 . Provide special
training to teachers for increasing quality education,

5 . Provide
computer education,

6 . Promote women

7 . Promote
research and development,

8 . Promote adult education, education for the mentally and
physically challenged persons,

9 . Promote non-formal education,

10 . Start open universities and distance learning centre,

11 . Start rural university.


Programs for achieving
above objectives:


Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

SSA has been introduced in 2001 for
assuring objectives of universal access and enrolment, bridging of gender and
social category gaps in elementary education and improving the quality of
learning. opening of new schools and alternate schooling facilities, toilets
and drinking water, regular teacher in service training and academic resource
support, free textbooks& uniforms and support for improving learning
achievement levels / outcome.


Mid-day Meal Scheme:

enhancing enrolment, retention and attendance and improving nutritional levels
among children, the National Program of Nutritional Support to Primary
Education (NP-NSPE) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 15th August

In 2001
MDMS became a cooked Mid Day Meal Scheme under which every child in every
Government and Government aided primary school was to be served a prepared Mid
Day Meal with a minimum content of 300 calories of energy and 8-12 gram protein
per day for a minimum of 200 day


Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme:

was launched in March, 2009 with the objective to enhance access to secondary
education and to improve its quality. Main objective of this program was to
achieve an enrolment rate of 75% from 52.26% by providing a secondary school
within a reasonable distance of any locality. The other objectives include
improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all
secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic
and disability barriers, providing universal access to secondary level
education by 2017.

Some important facilities provided under the scheme are:

Additional class rooms, (ii) Laboratories, (iii) Libraries, (iv) Drinking water
facilities and (v) Residential apartment for teachers.

ICT Program:

The Information and Communication
Technology (ICT) in Schools was launched in December, 2004 for providing
opportunities to secondary stage students to learn computer. The Scheme is
playing major role in increasing digital literacy among students of various
socio economic and other geographical background. Now ICT in Schools is a
component of the RMSA.


The National Institute
of Open Schooling:

N I O S formerly
known as National Open School (NOS) was established in November1989 as an
autonomous organization in pursuance of National Policy on Education 1986 by
the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. NIOS is
providing a number of Vocational and community oriented courses besides General
and Academic Courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary level. It was started
with objective of Provide education through Open and Distance Learning System.






(A) In 1985 Government of India released a document
‘Challenge of Education A Policy Perspective’ it was based on the status of the
present Indian education. The aims behind the releasing of document was to
initiate a debate among the stakeholders to formulating a new educational
policy ; (B) the NPE 1986 is formulated after the enactment of the 42nd
amendment in the Constitution of India by which education was transferred from
the state list to the concurrent list with the aim of improving educational
status of the country (C) for the first time the Union Government through its
Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) shouldered the responsibility of
formulating a policy without constituting a commission. As in conclusion note it
could be said that NEP 1986 is working with aims of development of human resource, increasing democratic values among
the youth. For achieving this aims Government of India subsequently
released programs and schemes.




1 . National Policy on Education,
1986(Modified 1992),


2 . 11 Salient Features of National Policy on
Education (1986)…national-policy-on-education-1986/7682


3 . Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan


4 . Constitutional Amendment to Make
Education a Fundamental … – Nuepa




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