Nene KeitaMr. SchmidtHonors U.S History, Period 4DateW.E.
B Du Bois William Edward Burghardt du Bois, famously named as W.E.B du Bois was an American civil rights activist, a scholar, and a Pan-Africanist. He was a significant African American protest leader in the first half century. Born on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, MA. He lived in community with a majority of white. W.E.
B du Bois recognized himself as half white – half black, a “mulatto “. While growing up, he attended a white school. In 1885, he attended Fisk University, in Nashville, Tennessee. During the next three years he witnessed discrimination therefore he was determined to progress social justice for black people, it was also where he first experiences the Jim Crow laws. Du Bois believed in Black Nationalism and in socialism. Du Bois originally, perceive that social science could help to give the understanding of solving racial problems.
“He came to the conclusion that in a climate of virulent racism, express as lynching, disenfranchisement, Jim Crow Segregation laws, and race riots, social change could occur only in agitation and protest.”(NNDB, W.E.B Du Bois”) In 1906, Du Bois was the main leader of the Niagara Movement, with twenty-nine African-American leaders. The Niagara Movement was a black civil rights organization dedicated to attacking the platform of Booker T. Washington.
The following group later became the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Dubois had an important role in creating the NAACP, he was the director of research and editor of the Crisis magazine, he created. The magazine, was the main piece of the NAACP policies and news.
The articles were mostly written without consent of the whites individuals in the NAACP. During the 1920s, the magazine also published work of young African-American writers throughout the year of Du Bois, being their editor in chief. As the editor in chief, he promote black literature growth.
He believed ” black should develop a separate “group economy” of producers and consumers cooperatives as a weapon to fight economic discrimination and black poverty. This belief became extremely significant during the economic catastrophe of the 1930s.”(coursehero.com) As an observer for the NAACP at the Paris Peace Conference, it was during that time that he realize there was a need of a Pan-African conference, to inform the world about Africa.
In 1921, Du Bois held the Pan-African meeting, where he met Marcus Garvey. He and Du Bois had different way of advocating Pan-Africanism. DuBois arrange another Pan-African conference in 1923, but the turnout was minimal. At the end of the conference, DuBois decided to visit Africa for the first time.
In 1924, Du Bois and the NAACP began to support a cultural movement of black writers, artists, and musicians that came to be known as the Harlem Renaissance. Du Bois maintained that blacks were gifted with a sense of beauty, which could be seen by their artistic accomplishments. Du Bois, like black intellectual Alaine Locke, spoke of “Negro Art Renaissance” and encouraged black writers and artists to submit their work to prize competitions organized by the NAACP. Du Bois played a role in the Harlem Renaissance. For example, each year he focuses an article on youth, also at the beginning of the ’20s, W.E.B du Bois and the supporters of the editors Augustus Dill and Jessie Fauset, he commence a new magazine: The Brownies’ Book, provided stories, poems, and short biographies about young african american. In 1934, he resigned from the NAACP.
Life for African Americans did not change much after WWI, they were still segregated, and treated differently. During the 1920s and 1930s, Du Bois tried to change that by being part of the founding members of the NAACP. Through the NAACP, Du bois tried to change society for African American by fighting for their rights. For example, as editor in chief, Dubois emphasized on brutalities stories committed against blacks that were ignored by other press.
“By 1920 it was shipping over 100,000 copies a month to subscribers, and the influence of the NAACP grew through a successive series of court victories overturning grandfather clauses and residential segregation.”(webdev.neh.gov) Another way was through education, encouraging African American to become more involved in literature, and music, by writing stories for children. These were way’s W.E.B Du Bois tried to change society for African Americans.