Three dramas that explore clangs between civilizations are Wole Soyinka’s “Death and the King’s Horseman, ” Tony Kushner’s “Angels in America, ” and Anna Deavere Smith’s “Fires in the Mirror. ” In general, these three dramas depict and illustrate how struggles between two civilizations arise due to differences in beliefs and patterns, among others. However, while these dramas are similar in that they depict struggles between civilizations, they besides show these clangs otherwise from one another.
In “Death and the King’s Horseman, ” the secret plan is chiefly set in Nigeria at a clip when the state was still a British settlement. The focal point is on Elesin, the equestrian of the Yoruba folk Chief. Since the head died, Elesin must follow Yoruba tradition and perpetrate a ritual self-destruction as his spirit is extremely of import in assisting the Chief’s psyche to go through through the hereafter. Otherwise, the Chief’s spirit will roll the Earth everlastingly and convey bad luck to the Yoruba people. The drama sets the tone for a clang between civilization when the British swayer of the Nigerian settlement, Mr.
Pikings intervenes and prevents Elesin from taking portion in the ritual self-destruction at the really last minute. Basically, Mr. Pikings viewed the ritual as barbarian and illegal under British Torahs. Since the suicide rite is built-in to the Yoruba folk, the people were thrown into chaos, which finally resulted in Elesin’s boy Olunde, perpetrating self-destruction in order to reconstruct award to his household and restore order to the folk. Ultimately, Elesin commits self-destruction himself in order to counterbalance for the effects of his actions.
Obviously, in the drama “Death and the King’s Horseman, ” the clang between two civilizations is vividly illustrated in the differences in imposts and traditions between the Nigerian folk Yoruba and their British colonisers. On the side of the Nigerians, a tradition of perpetrating ritual self-destruction is necessary for the care of order among the folk while on the side of the British, the said ritual is considered barbarous and illegal. Meaning to state, the Nigerian people, being a settlement of Britain, had no pick but to follow the regulation of their higher-ups.
The difference between the patterns of the two civilizations resulted non merely in two deceases in the Yoruba folk but pandemonium among the folk. On the other manus, in the drama “Angels in America, ” the struggle between two civilizations is chiefly shown in the different sexual orientations of the characters. By and large, most of the play’s characters are homosexuals. Although it is non shown that homosexuals are mistreated in the drama, it is the relationships between the characters and their issues with themselves that depict the clangs between civilizations. For one, most of the characters in the drama are afraid of uncovering their sexual orientation.
This indicates that homosexualism is non to the full accepted in the play’s society, which creates a practical clang between homosexuals and heterosexuals. This is evidenced by one scene in which Roy Cohn, a straight-male and top-class attorney in the drama, was enraged upon happening out that Joe Pitt, one of this best subsidiaries, is a homosexual. One noteworthy symbol that drama utilizes is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS ) . In the drama, Prior Walter and Roy contract AIDS. After detecting their unwellness, they all of a sudden feel isolated from the universe as evidenced by events in their life—Prior is left by his lover Louis Ironson and Roy is disbarred as a attorney.
Roy, who is non a homosexual, is besides shown to be in denial of his unwellness and claims that he has liver malignant neoplastic disease alternatively of AIDS. He besides believes that AIDS is merely associated with homosexuals, which symbolizes another signifier of clang between two civilizations. In short, in the drama, two civilizations are virtually presented: Roy represents the consecutive group of work forces who hates anything associated with homosexualism such as AIDS while Prior represents the homosexuals. Although homosexualism is non a true civilization per Se, its assorted patterns such as the sexual intercourse between two work forces, among others, has enabled it to go more or less a civilization of its ain.
Another signifier of clang between two civilizations shown in the drama is the societal bias against or inkinesss. In the drama, the inkinesss are epitomized by Belize, who is a registered nurse who cares for Prior and Roy. However, Roy, being the racialist that he is, treated Belize with the same contempt and disfavor he has for homosexuals. In short, it can so be said that the cardinal struggle between the two civilizations in the drama revolves around the characters differences in gender or sexual penchants and patterns.
Finally, in the drama “Fires in the Mirror, ” the main struggle between civilizations is the clang between the Jews and the inkinesss or African americans. The struggle is traced to an accident in which a Jew lost control of his vehicle and ran over a seven-year old black kid named Gavin Cato. This caused tenseness between Jews and the inkinesss in a topographic point called Crown Heights, which finally resulted in force, public violences, and the slaying of Yankel Rosenbaum, who is a Jew. Notably, the drama is non a straight-forward type wherein scenes are played out by people with different functions.
Rather, it consists of soliloquies by 26 different characters that witnessed or saw the Crown Heights, with each supplying their ain position or position of the struggle between the civilizations. These assorted positions fuse to organize a multi-faceted and deep history of the tenseness between the Jews and Blacks and besides organize the cardinal struggle of the drama. Basically, the 26 characters that had soliloquies belong to different races and civilizations. Meaning to state, in their histories of the events of in Crown Heights, their sentiments and remarks are most likely biased depending on which race or civilization they belong to or which side they are on.
For illustration, the Anonymous Young Man # 2, one of the 26 characters in the drama, claimed that all inkinesss are merely rappers, jocks, or liquidators and robbers. Likewise, Sonny Carson, an militant on the side of the Jews, commented that the Jews were 2nd to the constabulary in demoing their hatred for inkinesss. On the other manus, Reverend Al Sharpton, an advocator of black civil rights openly criticized the favoritism against African americans by the Jews. Carmel Cato, the male parent of the murdered black male child, besides lambasted the societal bias against inkinesss and claimed that the Jews were running the show.
Meaning to state, the struggle between the two civilizations in the drama is illustrated through a conflict between the Jews and the inkinesss, which was started by a auto accident that killed a male child. However, it is apparent that even the white race, such as members of the constabulary, favored the Jews over the inkinesss, which added farther tenseness in the already turning struggle between the two civilizations. It can so be argued that this drama showed a really superficial difference in civilizations.
Over-all, the three dramas differ in their word picture of cultural diverseness and struggles between civilizations in footings of the nature of the struggle and the beginning of the clangs. In “Death and the King’s Horseman, ” the tensenesss between civilizations were spawned by differences in traditions and patterns. On one side, these patterns are considered sacred while on the other, they are viewed as crude and illegal. In “Angels in America, ” the struggle between civilizations arises from differences in gender or sexual orientation.
It chiefly involved one side freely accepting his homosexual nature and another side absolutely contemning everything associated to being cheery. Last, in “Fire in the Mirror, ” the clang between the two civilizations was rooted from a individual accident that could hold been easy resolved but was alternatively worsened by stereotypes and racial advocators. Obviously, “Death and the King’s Horseman” showed a authoritative signifier of civilization struggle while “Angels in America” depicted a struggle between sub-cultures. On the other manus, “Fires in the Mirror” showed a more personal and superficial side of a clang between civilizations.