Nowadays individuals think that wildlifetrafficking is not a big problem. Wildlife trafficking is the fourth largest organisedcrime activity after narcotics, human trafficking and weapons (Brown,2017). Accordingto Dato’ Dr Dionysius Sharma the CEO of WWF-Malaysia, he says that theincreasing demand for exotic animals is being affected by factors such asavarice, traditional medicine, which is not medically proven and culturalreasons which have contributed to the massive increase of wildlife crimesand trafficking. In 2016 the value of the wildlife trafficking businessaccording to United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is about USD 10to 23 billion a year (“The Dark Reality of the Illegal Wildlife Trade”, 2017).
Malaysia is one of thewell-known transit point and hub for illegal trafficking of endangeredwildlife, their body parts as well as the products which are made from themamong the Southeast Asian countries in which the contraband such as rhinohorns, pangolin scales is very developed. The efficient and well-developedports of Malaysia which ranks in the top elite ports of the world makes it easyto smuggle wildlife and their body parts. From the period of January 2003 toFebruary 2013 there were a total of 19 seizures which are almost close to 15tonnes of ivory (Krishnasamy, 2016). According to Rozanna Latiff (2017), ivorytusks and pangolin scales worth close to USD 1 million have been seized byMalaysian police. Also, in the cargo warehouse of the Kuala Lumpurinternational airport 23 ivory tusks weighing about 76kg has been found. Afterfew days, the pangolin scales worth 3.
9 million ringgits were found in the samecargo warehouse. Pangolin scales is considered as one of the most contrabandsin the world, as they are being used in traditional medicine. In order to, achieve zero pouching forMalaysia, it is very crucial for all multinational and multi-agenciescollaborate and work together. Only through collaborative action and timelycommunication between consumer and source countries will produce positiveresults in fighting against wildlife crime. This also includes educating theconsumers, who create the demand for this in the first place. In 2011 such approaches have been effective, Malaysianauthorities at Penang Port have found two containers containing elephant tusks whichwere on the way to Port Klang. Through the collective action and well-timedcommunication between the African and Malaysian authorities resulted in thesuccessful seizure of 675 elephant tusks, which were on the way to Chinesemarket.
The tusks were hidden in 92 plastic bags, placed in the middle of acontainer, and surrounded by recycled crushed plastic. Similarly, intelligence led collaborationshave spurred successful investigations that stand behind a vast number of otherseizures that have occurred globally, including in China, the country with theworld’s largest ivory market. According to WWF-Malaysia, its stronglyurges all Malaysians to be more vigilant and be aware of the seriousness ofthis crime.