Nurses are members of interdisciplinary health careteams that promote patient’s health, prevent disease, restore and maintainpatient’s health integrity throughout lifespan. This makes it a rewarding andinteresting career.
There are definitely certain characteristics and qualitiesrelevant to nursing profession which are Compassion, caring for others,selflessness, love for humanity, and desire to help others. In my years ofexperience as a certified nursing assistant, nursing field as a whole requiresdealing with patients one-on-one. It requires professionals selflessly servingthe need of the patient’s and putting their needs above one’s needs. Genuine love for humanity and paramountdesire to help others comes from having compassion and selflessness in order tohave a successful career.Nursing isan exciting, challenging adventure that demands a lot of time, sacrifice anddiscipline. Patience and calmness arevery paramount in nursing because of the stress level related to this job.Since I was a child, I have always loved medical shows and everything relatedto medicine, this has guided my calling into the profession of nursing.
Entering this profession require adequate competencies to move in accordancewith the advancement occurring in the profession. Enrolling in this course (psychology) furtherimproved my understanding of how illness and disease changes patient’s mentalstatus and how to promote positive thinking and attitude in patients. This willin turn decrease the amount of time spent in the hospital and healthcare system.According to Licht, 2017, Psychology is the scientific study ofbehavior and mental processes.
Thisbehavior includes anything we do from eating, hanging out, bathing, dressing,sneeze etc. And the mental processes highlights the cognitive portion ofpsychology. This paper will look at four main concepts and how I intend to usethem in the field of nursing Human growth and Development Learning Stress and Health· Psychological Disorders.Human growthand Development- Nursing is a profession that incorporate holistic care and provided a direct guide to adequate knowledge, skills judgment andattitude to practice safely treating child, adolescent, adult and geriatricpopulation. Children develop differently at the cognitive, social and moral level.Development is the behavioral aspect of growth and the ability to a person toadapt adequately to the environment. Hence the application of growth anddevelopmental principles is relevant in the area of pediatric nursing practiceand if used appropriately, can meet the needs of hospitalized children andtheir family. Since the mostimportant part of the job of nursing is to promote the wellbeing of theirpatient, it is imperative for nurses to regularly supervise and manage qualityof care provided to patient across the stages of development.
Whatever stage oflife a nurse has an encounter with an individual it si imperative for a nurseto understand the health needs of the people they work with and also changetheir behaviors, thoughts and feelings to enhance their well-being. Presently,current psychological research and theories enhances nursing practice toprovide adequate care to individual across the development stages of life.According to Litch, 2017, learning is defined as a relatively permanentchange in an organism’s behavior or thoughts as a result of experience.
It isfundamental to everything organisms do. I will focus on classical andoperant conditioning/learning and how it relates to nursing. Classicalconditioning is by association whereby a stimulus produces a response. Thistype of learning was created by Pavlo (1849-1936) , he experimented with a dogand he realized that pairing or associating stimulus and food, salivation willbe produced,(Litch, 2017). Then he related this to human beings too and herealized it produced same response. Hence he called it stimulus response theoryof learning.
This formed the building block of learning. Another form of nursingis Operant conditioning learning which focuses more on learning via reward. Thiscan be seen in all humans. It was originally developed by Thorndike (1874–1949) but Skinner (1904–1990) went on to expand on it. Both learning types iscategories under behaviorism which focuses on observable aspect of learning. This will help nurses to think critically, observetheir patient intently and facilitate excellent therapeutic relationship withthe patients in order to meet the holistic needs of the patients. Personally, the most interesting topicin psychology that relates to nursing is the stress and health topic. In asmuch as nursing is a rewarding career, it is equally associated with substantialstress and pressure from dealing with co-workers, patients, family members anddoctors, which leads to professional burnout.
Burnout can lead to bitterness,anger, depression, physical illness, substance abuse and many more. Accordingto Litch, 2017, stress is the state of mind and our response to an environmentevent which is the stressor is very crucial. Stress is a stimulus that provokesunfavorable response in us. In my years of working as a CNA, I have come to realizethat many do not take good care of themselves in terms of coping with physicaland emotional stress, as much as the care they provided to patients. Suresh, Matthews & Coyne, 2012stated that stress isthe emotional and physical response one experience when there is an imbalanceplaced between demands and resources at a times. This means that stress occurs when one isfaced with a situation that is challenging for one to cope with. Importantly, anurse needs to know the signs and symptoms of stress which could range frommajor health crisis such as heart attack, CHF to more minor symptoms liketiredness and disrupted sleep patterns.
It is important to recognize the earlysymptoms before it escalates into more dangerous situation. As a nurse, it isvery important to have coping strategies in order to address stress level, promote healthy living, changeour thinking positively in order to promote emotional and physical wellbeing. According to Jimenez, Martinez, Osorio & Vacas Diaz, 2010 statedthat even nursing students are put under considerable amount of stress in theirclinical period which puts their education and health in jeopardy. A crosssectional study was done with 357 students from all 3 years of nursing diploma programat a Spanish nursing college and data was collected over an 8-months period in2004-2005. The findings of the article itemized three stressor types ofstressor was found-clinical, academic and external of which clinical stressorwas a more intense than the academic or external stressor. Prior to the firstyear of nursing school, all student were healthy, by the second year, most ofthem were vulnerable to somatic and psychic anxiety.
In my view, I feel veryanxious and stressed with most of my classes right now which are just pre-requisites.Generally, nursing is a stressful job and if the stress in nursing school orcareer is not properly managed, it can lead to serious problems such as depression, isolation, high blood pressure,lack of self-confidence and job satisfaction, hatred for the profession anddecrease in their qualification. Hence it is of great importance for everynurse to find a coping strategy that works effectively. Some of the causes ofstress in nursing school or career are demands of clinical rotation, difficult preceptors,patient work load, care about patients, difficult managers and coworkers,noises, lights etc.
in the conclusion of the article by Jimenez & et al. 2010,excessive workload requires the attention of the hospital managers to provide aframework for possible intervention for improving the clinical environment fornurses. This will intron help nurses to ease develop and practice interventionto relieve stress as a nurse and also as a student. In conclusion, the last concept whichis psychological disorder is a complex topics and must be addressed carefully.
Accordingto Litch, 2017, there are 6 ways of identifying psychological disorder which areunusual behavior, faulty interpretation of reality, personal distress, self-defeating/dangerousbehavior and socially unacceptable behavior. In retrospect, anger, bitternessand sadness are some of the symptoms of stress and job burnout in nursing,hence this makes both nurses and patients vulnerable to psychological disorder.Hence it is important to treat this topic with respect because of its sensitivenature. For example, anger is a temporary psychological disorder where by wholosses one’s identity due to stress, confusion or insecurity. It can be exacerbatedby workplace stress if not properly addressed. Nursing will always be a challenging and burdensome especially with thedemands of patients and the challenge of working teams, this can lead certainly to substance abuse such as cigarettes, alcohol,frustration, bouts of anger, which will invariably affect the productivity andhealth of a nurse. Solution lies in thecombination of institutional, societal and individual approach.
Certainly, stressis a constant think in the health care system no matter the sector you work, however ifnurses are well rested, healthy and have job satisfaction, this will improve patient’s outcome and overallquality of care.