The main aim of the nursing profession is to create a health system that will deliver quality and safe health care to maximize the health of individuals, families and communities.
Nurse work in collaboration to deliver evidence based care around the globe. Nurses are required to make the patients needs are a priority. Global nursing shortage has been experienced leading to reduction in provision of safe quality health care.
The shortage of nurses around the globe is linked to the rapidly aging nursing workforce, little recruitment of nursing students and inadequate faculty staff for training nurses.
The nursing career has been associated with women and hence the likelihood of men entering into the nursing career is minimal. This coupled with the fact that women have found career alternatives that are less challenging has created a shortage in the nursing workforce.
Nations like the United Nations are coping with this problem by importing nurses from other countries. This migration of nurses to the developed countries is very beneficial to the nurses because it increases their knowledge and skills.
The masters prepared nurses have been educated on new policies and given opportunities to participate in policy creation and implementation in the health sector. They are trained to understand the effects of the rapidly growing global community. These nurses are able to work and live in different countries because their cultural awareness and sensitivity has been enhanced.
They can participate at national and international levels with courage, confidence and competence and understand the importance of national and international organizations such as world health organization. (WHO).the masters prepared nurses are equipped to diagnose, write prescriptions and refer patients to special doctors.
Evidenced based care and guidelines comprises of understanding the patients value as a person and judging the patient independently. Nurses are required to treat every individual patient with compassion and respect irrespective of the nature of their health problems or their personal traits. Nurses act as educators when giving knowledge to patients, a necessary requirement to develop a trusting nurse-client relationship. (Sultz A. Harry. 2005).
Nurses can act as counselors in assisting patients make well informed healthy decisions by listening and advising them in a supportive manner void of any form of judgment. Nurses are clinicians who offer direct health care services to performing physical examinations, health education and evaluation of outcomes.
Advanced nurses must be able to interpret data, diagnose and treat abnormalities, make referrals and consult with specialists without being biased by personal opinions or judgmental attitude.
Evidence based practice is an approach to delivering health care services involving the patients decisions and value to solve health problems. This system of evidence based care, results to the best decisions and outcomes for recipients of health care, both patients and their families.
Nurses should be included in creating health policies at both state and local levels. They are required to work at the state, local and national levels to create and support policies that promote the health and well being of the general population. This means that nurses can participate in committees to draft policies vote in public elections or address certain community health issues. Nurses create policies that are convenient for them and their patients, to provide effective health care.
Professional advocacy implies to take certain actions that lead to achieving goals fit for the nursing profession. This drives nurses to be involved in policy issues that govern nursing regulations and standards develop and participate in health promotion and awareness activities.
Global nursing shortage is a widespread lack of skilled nurses needed to care for patients. He nursing shortage has led to loss of lives and resulted to health deterioration of many people in the world. There is a high demand for nurses and health services due to increasing aging populations and an increasing burden of chronic and non-communicable diseases. The nursing shortage is rapidly increasing because the nursing workforce is aging so fast and there are very few nurses trained to take up the positions.
This nursing shortage has lead to shortage of quality and safety of health care. The few nurses available are working harder than usual to provide safe and quality health care. Shortage of practicing nurses has led to aggressive recruiting of foreign nurses. Migration of nurses has a big impact on both developing and developed countries. In certain nations like the Caribbean, reduction in number of nurses leads to a major reduction in provision of health care services. Nurses are being attracted to United States in very large numbers.
When nurses migrate and work in the foreign countries they gain very valuable experience and opportunities. They learn more than they learnt in their home countries and should be encouraged to return to their countries and share the knowledge and experience gained. Both international nurse students and nurses who migrate to the US are held to the same practice standards to ensure safe patient care environment and positive health outcomes.
Employers for the foreign nurses must be very sensitive and keen on cultural backgrounds that may affect the nurses’ safety. The foreign nurses must receive intense training to assimilate and merge into a collaborative healthcare environment in the countries they migrate into. The foreign nurses are faced by certain legal challenges that include employment, property holdings and their marital status. They have to deal with complex working conditions, and rapidly changing health priorities. They deal with unexpected demands daily in their professional and personal life.
Masters prepared nurses have additional competencies essential for provision of safe and quality healthcare. They have refined communication, scientific foundations and advanced knowledge of the healthcare delivery system. They are more equipped on clinical experience, leadership and business administration of healthcare. (Masters Kathleen. 2005).
The masters prepared nurses function as leaders to improve the quality of healthcare system for both individual patients and the general population. They develop plans for care management to address all the needs presented by patients to provide an advanced practice nursing care.
The nursing profession is an essential element of the community n that presence of adequate nurses can save lots of lives and improve on health conditions of many people. Migration of nurses to developed countries has given them an opportunity to increase their knowledge, skills and experiences. The nurses are encouraged to return to their home countries and share the learnt skills. Masters prepared nurses are well equipped to make new policies in the health sector and implement them. They are able to play administrative roles that are effective in health care systems. This means that the masters prepared nurses can function as leaders to create guidelines that govern health care systems to improve the quality of health care.