p.p1 to a supposed business tycoon in China

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A woman goes to deliver paperwork at the behest of her partner to a supposed business tycoon in China but ends up in captivity and wakes up to a throbbing pain in her abdomen and a huge scar. How many families on an estimate, do you think have been affected by the black organ market? How big do you think is the illegal body harvesting market? While an examining account carried out by the USA today in 2006 reports that, “illegal body harvesting is very lucrative in the U.S. due to the high demand for body parts. The investigation revealed that from 1987-2006 (19 years), over 16,800 families had pursued lawsuits stating that their loved one’s body parts were illegally sold for an estimated 6 million dollars” (as cited in Dianne, 2016); Michael (2009) cites WHO’s 2007 survey that approximated about 5-10% of transplantations of kidney and liver organs worldwide were carried out with unlawfully procured organs which in turn added up to a total of 5000 illicit transplants that year. This number has only increased tremendously over the years. Black markets, according to me, are a form of devious evil and it will be powerful to overcome that evil. This paper is going to discuss whether the sale of human organs should be legalized. Clear arguments will be made in favor of the sale of human organs being legitimized because it would not only benefit the donors but also would forward the development of acceptable organ markets, while equally presenting the case for those who assert the opposite.

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Although some may want to argue that the legal sale of human organs does not benefit donors, it is quite a tenuous claim. Those who disagree with this proposition do so due to the apparent loss of jobs as a result of possible health issues faced by the organ donors. This claim is fueled by the findings of Monir Moniruzzaman who discovered, on talking to 33 kidney donors from his resident country of Bangladesh, that the donors were not getting the financial benefits that were pre-assured and additionally faced critical health issues forcing them to quit their jobs (as cited in “Growing market for human organs exploits poor,” 2012). I agree that this might be the case for a few organ donors but I also think that there is a lack of a representative sample in this case as only 33 organ donors were questioned in comparison to the overall organ donations that took place that year itself. This renders the argument, that legal sale of human organs does not benefit the donors, substantially weak.

The selling of human organs should be legalized because it benefits donors in a way that the donors are now being granted a beneficial legal compensation as a result of selling their organs. Crane and Lara (2013) agree with this when they maintain, “The recipient gains access to a greater supply of organs free of disease and without inflated black market prices, while donors, or their next of kin, are able to be compensated legally”. If donors were not being profited, there would not have been a win-win situation for the recipients and donors at all. Apart from legal compensation, a fixed financial reward is also awarded by the government to organ donors. This was highlighted by a report from Monaco (2015) which stated that a prize structure managed by the central government would benefit the donors and their kin in a similar way an insurance policy benefits people. In an effort to turn the whole recipient-organ ecosystem into a legally healthy one, the donors are being incentivized enough which makes it safe to say that legalizing the sale of human organs is and will be for the welfare of the donors.

Another argument that comes up is that of the sustainability of donor markets. That the legal sale of human organs does not promote the development of an acceptable market, is an insubstantial claim. Those thinking otherwise argue that in spite of having legal sales, illegitimate markets will thrive, exploiting people who are below the poverty line. Kris Lerwill bolsters this argument by speculating that the penniless would be compelled into merchandising their organs and the spurious ways in which the “mafia” would obtain them, to supply to the markets, could be truly unimaginable and heinous (as cited in “Should the sale of human organs be legalized?”, 2014). Mr. Lerwill definitely paints a spine-chilling picture. It is quite nerve-racking to even think of the clandestine trade that might take place as a result of legalizing the sale of human organs. But then again, it is an unsubstantiated claim. There is no data to support it and it is therefore incorrect to simply take Mr. Lerwill at his word and assume that legalizing organ sale would not promote the development of an acceptable market.

Contrary to Mr. Lerwill’s belief, I strongly believe that sustainable donor markets would be encouraged to develop when the sale of human organs is legalized globally. One of the reasons for my belief is that the black markets would be reduced drastically in such a scenario. I trust Nadey Hakim when he maintains that, “a properly regulated market should be permitted so that the black market in organs is, if not destroyed, at least dramatically reduced” (as cited in Smith, 2011). This is likely to be the situation if markets are to be regulated. It is crystal clear that selling of human organs will stimulate the development of suitable donor markets.

In a nutshell, legalizing the sale of human organs would not only foster the creation of permissible markets but it would also aid in the reduction of the illegitimate black markets. It would dissuade the practice of transplant tourism and encourage donors by providing them with appropriate compensation and financial rewards. So, I completely agree with the proposition that sale of human organs should be legalized. And finally, through this medium, I would humbly like to urge the governmental agencies involved to weed out the existing black organ markets and take necessary disciplinary action against them.

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