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25cm; line-height: 120%; }Theevents of the Indian Wars 1862-1868.One Event which led up the Indian War of 1862-1868 was Little Crow’sWar (1862). This began when the Dakota Sioux was offered $1.

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4 millionand Provisions if they moved onto the smaller and more harshreservations which were created by the White Settlers. The cause ofthis offer was from the Fort Laramie treaty but this treaty could notbe understood by the Indians and was signed forcefully by the whiteSettlers. The Dakota Sioux moved onto the Reservations but began tostarve due to Corrupt Agents of The White Settelers Very own Divisionfor the Indians and would not get the money promised until theIndians paid their debt owed for the land. As A Result, This moneywas not paid. Stavation was an issue as the land which The AmericanSettlers gave to the Indians in reservations was consideredunsuitible land for farming and couldn’t produce enough food forthe whole of the Dakota Sioux. The Agents from the Americans Divisionfor Indian Affairs would often charge the Indians a substantialammount of money for Inedible food. As a result of this, The WarriorBrotherhood would steal food from the Agents Hut and would oftenbring trouble to the Cheifs and the Indians as a whole. In 1858, the US Government reduced the land of the Plains Indians by50% in order to pay The Indians Debt.

This lead to the Dakota Siouxbecoming Desperate in August 1862. The consequences behind theIndians Desperation was that the Nation was Starving due to cropfailiure and the scarsity of money. The agents of the Division ofIndian Affairs had food in the Huts but refused to assist the Indiansduring this period of time.During this period, The American Civil War was underway which meantthat the US Soldiers would be occupied fighting the War and LittleCrow saw this as an opputunity. He began to fight back by taking allthe food and other provisions from the Agency and burnt down allAgency Buildings on the reservation before attacking the WhiteSettlers. This is known as the ‘Death Toll’ which was themurdering of 600 settlers including women and children. The reasonthis number was so high was due to the fustration caused by theconstant breaking of promises and the lack of trust in cheifs. The’Death Toll’ ended after the Dakota Sioux was forced to flee and400 indians were arrested.

The punishment for the ‘Death Toll’was a death sentence but Abraham Lincoln decided that only 38 indianswere to be sentenced to death. The rest of the Tribe were moved ontoa more harsh Reservation which lead to mass starvation and LittleCrow was Shot, Scalped and Beheaded.Another Event which lead up to Indian War of 1862-1868 was the SandCreek Massacre of 1864. This began in 1851 when the Fort LaramieTreaty was signed.

The Treaty guaranteed The Indians Land which wassmaller but was Safe from the American Settlers. An issue caused bythe Gold Rush was that in order for Gold Prospectors to get to theclaims, they would cut through the Indian’s Land. This was allowedby the US Government who had complety ignored the Treaty.In 1861, The Treaty of Fort Wise was signed in which the Cheyenneagreed to move to a new reservation which was further away from whitesettlers. However, The Dog Soldiers and Warrior Brotherhood rejectedthe treaty and stated on the land.

This resulted in the Dog Soldiersraiding and attacking White Settlers. The Fort Wise Treaty’sGoverner John Evans Appointed a war hero and tasked them with theMurder and Destruction of the Indians.On the 29th November 1864, Colonel Chivington took 700Cavalry to the Indian Reservation in Sand Creek where a slaughter of130 men, women, children and babies took place. The Cavlary took bodyparts of the Indians as Taxidermy to be mounted on walls. TheResponse from the Dog Soldiers was to never trust the US Governmentagain and began to fight and kill in Retaliation.In 1865, A new, large and safe reservation was promised to the NativeAmericans aswell as Compensation for the Massacre. Instead, Thereservation was more harsh than before and the compensation promisedwas not paid.

After this there was another Massacre which murderedmany men, women, children and infants.A Third Event which led up to the Indian War of 1862-1868 was RedCloud’s War, a war which was lead by War chief and warrior RedCloud of the Lakota Sioux. The first event which aggrevated theLakota Sioux was the Bozeman Trail which was a shortcut to the goldclaims. The Bozeman Trail cut straight through the Sioux’s HuntingGround. The Trail was used by over 2000 American Settlers.In 1866, The US Government issue another Treaty which forced theindians to pay the Indians Money for the use of the trail withoutbeing attacked. The Government never intended to pay the Indians anymoney but instead planned an army to fight them. Red Cloud Decided toFight The US army after seeing the Events of the Sand Creek Massacre(1864) and Little Crow’s War (1862) and came to the conclusion thatThe Lakota Sioux would need help to fight the White Settlers.

Red Cloud enlisted the aid of ‘Sitting Bull’ and ‘Crazy Horse’who bought with them 3000 warriors which outnumbered the US Army of700.The US Army used a tactic called the Fetterman Trap which resulted intwo scouts which were to be discovered by the Indians who would leadthe Indians to a place of ambush. This tactic was very successful andwas used multiple times severly damaging Indian Numbers. The Native Americans managed to defeat the US Army by blockading them in Fort Phil Kearney which trapped soldiers in one place where they were killed. A concequense of the Victory was that the US Government needed a new plan which was in the form of a Second Fort Laramie Treaty. This Treaty was to place the Entire of the Lakota Sioux on one large Reservation away from White Settlers.