PersuasiveSpeech OutlineName: Benton JohnsonTopic: TextbooksGeneral Purpose: To persuadeSpecific Purpose: To persuade my audience that textbooksshould not come at such a high cost to students.
IntroductionI. Since the late 1970’s, the cost of collegelevel textbooks have increased over 1000 percent. A spokeswoman for theScholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, Nicole Allen, explainedthat publishers and stores have been able to continue increasing prices becausestudents are “captive consumers”, meaning that they must purchase whateverbooks their professors tell them to.II. As a student in college, quality textbooksare key to success in any course. Despite this, textbooks are not included incollege tuition. College tuition is already an expense that many students canbarely afford, and the added expense of textbooks is just too much for manypeople.
These books increase the amount of loans that must be taken out and cangreatly increase an individual’s debt. III. As a current student myself, I too haveexperienced the dread of purchasing a $300 textbook that the professor willrarely, if ever, utilize in the class or for homework.
However, I also understandthat the purchase of these textbooks is necessary if I hope to excel in thecourse.IV. Consider the thousands of dollars eachstudent would save if textbooks were included in tuition. Students would beable to enroll in more classes in order to graduate sooner, all students wouldbe guaranteed access to the resources necessary to be successful, and theiroverall debt would be reduced. BodyI. In some cases, the textbook can actuallycost more than the course itself. This is illogical, and free books wouldeliminate this scenario. A.
Ina report from CNBC, the College Board has stated that the average collegestudent spends approximately $1,200 on books and school supplies each year. B. Additionally,nearly 48% of students chose their courses based on the price of textbooks.II. Providing textbooks guarantees that eachstudent has the resources to succeed before the class even truly begins.
A. Ofthe students who cannot afford textbooks, many of them do not purchase thebooks and therefore are much more likely to do poorly in the course. This mayultimately result in them having to retake the class and cost them even moremoney.
1. Asurvey found that approximately 65% of students have not bought a textbook dueto its high price. At the same time 94% of the students surveyed were alsoconcerned that their performance in the course may be affected by not havingthe book.B.
Someinstitutions, such as Illinois State University (ISU) have taken steps tosolving the issue of outrageous textbook prices.I. ISU’s Student Government Associationproposed in November of 2015 to reduce the price of textbooks.
II. In addition, they proposed that studentsbe given free online textbooks.III. Following these proposals, ISU’sgraduation and enrollment rates began to rise within a year.
C. Analternative to textbooks that would significantly reduce spending was proposedin The Affordable Textbook Act which pushes for something called an “opentextbook”, which would be an online version for a cost of between $20 and $40.III. Free textbooks would eliminate a significant amount of debt fromstudents, which would greatly help them in the future, as they would not haveto pay that money back upon graduation.A. AsI stated earlier, a student spends $1,200 on textbooks and other supplies ayear on average.B.
Inaddition, an in-state public college student spends approximately $19,000 ontuition and fees and room and board each year. This is excluding textbooks. C. In2016, there were approximately 43.3 million Americans with debt incurred duringtheir time as a student, and $1.23 trillion in U.
S. student loan debt. ConclusionI. Outrageous textbook prices are somethingthat millions of Americans can relate to. However, there are many benefits toproviding free textbooks to students, including an increase in enrollment andgraduation rates, improvement of student performance in the classroom, andsignificantly lowered debt. II.
It is essential to the future leaders ofour nation and world that students are given access to the resources necessaryto help them be successful. III. As myself and many of the audience membersare advocates of quality education, I hope you will agree that this is animportant issue that needs attention. IV.
Breaking down the barriers that impede thesuccess or potential of students will undoubtedly help them to excel bothacademically and beyond the classroom.