Pilot Study of a Brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Group for Jail Inmates by Moore, Et. Al., addresses and investigates the need for behavioral interventions in jails since over 11.4 million people were incarcerated in America jails in 2014. Those who were placed in these jails were in need of behavioral, mental/substance health treatment. More than half of the population showed needs of needing some type of clinical mental health treatment, and more than half also showed needs and symptoms of needing three or more substance and mental health symptoms. A lot of the inmates reported suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and borderline personality disorder many of the mental health problems that were observed in jail showed that the inmates lacked self-control and poor ways of releasing anger and aggression. A lot of these characteristics are shown in those who live in poverty and lack communication skills and simply have no means of being able to communicate with higher officials and people outside of the glass. Nonetheless, Dialectical behavior therapy was used as an evidence based intervention that addressed these behavioral needs of the inmates. The researches hypothesized during this research that dialectical behavior therapy skills would be easy to implement in a jail setting, it would be acceptable to general population jail inmates, and it would result in improved coping skills and decreased emotional/behavioral regulation from pre- to post-intervention. Participants from the study self-reported their information. The sample size of the study included 27 participants who on average were 34 years old and had completed about 11 years of education. The participants in race 37% were black, 29.6% were white, 25% were Hispanic, 3.7% were middle-eastern, and 29.6% were mixed. All of the participants were male and were spilt up into three cohorts. Almost majority were single/never married, 29.3% had zero children and 25% had one. Participants reported having on average almost 8 jobs in their lifetime. Due to the jail rule any inmate that missed two of the eight behavioral modules without a valid excuse were removed from the group. The groups were reported to last for an hour and 15 minutes. Variables from this research were kind of unseen.
In order to analysis the data the researcher used a dependent samples t test, which was used to help assess the changes in coping and emotional and behavioral dysregulations. The results of the dependent samples t test were not statistically significant and the changes from the pre- to post- test was not large enough. However, small effect sizes were taken into account for and demonstrated some sort of change. This was not significant because of how the numbers from the research did not show an increase.
According to real world stats and the idea of generalizability, this study will need to conduct further more research in the future to fully implement this program correctly. Other factors that limited the generalizability of the of the research study is that all of the participants were all male from the same prison. Another limitation that hinders the accuracy of this study was DBT was designed for women and that could’ve defiantly hindered the research. Participants were not also randomly picked and the researchers did not have a control group, they instead used a single sample, pretest, posttest example.