Learning is an Active Process. Four aspects of instruction:1.
Creating a disposition towards learning2. Structuring a body of knowledge so that the learner can easily grasp it.3. Determining the best sequence for presenting the material4.
Presenting the stimuli, reinforcing the stimuli, rewards, and punishments appropriately
The theory of inquiry – learning by doing
Pattern of Lecture:1. Get attention/introduce a question2. Present new content (less than 15 min.)3. Practice new content4. Monitor practice5.
Present results6. Make assignment
Jointly Constructed Meaning
M.B. Baxter-Magolda: dialogue/mutual learningSituate learning in the students’ own experiences (use inclusive language, activities, and personal experience)
My family’s (culture’s) way of doing things is best
Teacher’s beliefs about their students become self-fulfilling prophecy
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Americans with Disabilities Act
Individual Education Plan
Bloom’s Taxonomy:Classification of different levels of comprehension:1.
Knowledge (repeating an answer)2. Comprehension (Stating in own words)3. Application (Applying to different situations)4. Analysis (Taking apart and putting back together)5. Synthesis (Putting together in a new creative way)6. Evaluation (Explaining why)
Six different levels of Moral Development:1. Obedience and Punishment – No recess2.
Individualism and Change – Fear of punishment and expectation of reward3. Interpersonal Conformity – Obedience to please those who are important4. Established Social Order – Recognize importance of established rules5. Post-conventional morality – Abiding by rules brings about greatest good6.
Universal principle of justice – Recognize when rules violate ethical principals (MLK)
System of discipline with 4 stages:1. Reminder2. Reprimand – Give infraction – student holds infraction3. Collect Infraction Slip4.