Prostitution back then was recognized as worlds’ oldest “profession” but realistically speaking, it pertains with the exploitation and world’s oppression which became one of the biggest issues that need to be addressed globally (Huff, 2011). According to the study of Foynes (2016), the countries that are inside the top ten (10) are the following and are sequenced to the most up to the least; Venezuela, South Korea, Peru, Philippines, Nigeria, China, Brazil, Malaysia, Germany & Thailand. Also, Deye, et. al. (2015) mentioned prostitution as a form of exploitation.
It is also labeled as Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) and adults. It is a big issue not just in the Philippines and other underdeveloped ones but a worldwide dilemma. United State is an example of a developed country that proves that prostitution is not choosing and basing on the economic state. In the US, even if it is a country that is developed, sadly, there is no uniform nationwide database to oversee incidents of CSEC. Consequently, there are no exact numbers of victims; since there are still unreported and unidentified ones. And those victims encounter mental, physical, and sexual health issues as result. In connection with that, health care providers play an important role to those vulnerable victims in facing sexual exploitation’s consequences in the different aspect. Also, it is better to identify and have exact total numbers of victims for the better and extended action for them.
Also, Silbert & Pines (1981) stated that as early as the age of thirteen (13) became an average age of engaging in prostitution or child prostitution to be specific. Furthermore, sexual exploitation is part of human trafficking and is noticeable. Many people engaged in such activities and became victims since they want to have something in exchange; to support their needs as well as their family to somehow make their lives comfortable, to be able to eat every day, sustain their needs, and provide wants as well (UNODC, n.d.).What is more, some claimed that it wasn’t really their full willingness to really engage in prostitution. They don’t even prefer to be in that kind of situation but because of some factors, they don’t have the choice.
They had no choice because they don’t have work and if they have, it wasn’t enough for them. They had no choice because they were not able to go to school and if they’ve attended, just a few years and not able to finish it. Also, they experienced gender discrimination and even abandonment. Likely, they had no choice because at first, they are victims of sexual and verbal abuse (Farley & Kelly, 2000). For addition, in an article written by Tupas (2015), he mentioned a young girl about 16 years old that is impregnated because of prostitution who has a 14-year-old lesbian lover which do the work for money in exchange for sex in order for her pregnant partner to have regular check-ups.
They both reside in Davao City where prostitution work is rampant not just for grown-ups, but even on children. Somehow, the roots of their prostitution work are the past abused experiences and influence from the latter family. Children are not just sold in the streets or in the bars. Due to this new generation, everyone is living, they are even sold in the internet world. Alternatively, there are certain different factors that resulted in children to engage in sexual occupation. One of these is the maltreatment of the children in their early lives. Because of their past that maybe they are being sexually abused caused them to be driven to enter into commercial sex. Another one is the disrupted development.
These children experience the rush into becoming an adult even though they should not have this feeling yet. They do because some of them have been drawn out into such activity since they have a family to support. Maybe they are their families especially their parents or even their siblings, and maybe their children in the result of early pregnancy and marriage. Likewise, being homeless and having nowhere to live to make these children become more vulnerable to prostitution. They become prey for those advantage-takers who get children do sexual works. Even the low-future orientation could also boost them in entering the world of prostitution. Their mentality of having prostitution as the only way of dealing with life makes them much more dependent in doing such activity (Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States, 2013).Further, children that are engaging in prostitution should be considered victims of heinous crime.
It is because they went through different forms of abuses. So for that, they should be given extra services and not just a one time trial for them to be able to fix their lives. But despite the judgment, some court officials still sue them as lawbreakers instead of seeing them as demoralized minors (Mir, 2013). On the other hand, clear definitions of who the real offenders should be studied to have effective interventions. In Kenya, children who were below and over 18-years old who were victims of sexual abuses were being studied. Results found out that they were sexually abused by their classmates, friends, and some were their relatives.
Also, their criminal actions happened while they were heading home walking, in their residences, and even in school. These cases in Kenya were rare yet needed enough attention because these incidents could somehow lead these children to engage in prostitution (Mwangi, et al. 2015).Further, being sexually abused provides better chances of being into prostitution compared to those who were not but still chose to be in it based on the examined 175 youngsters filed cases. In this examination, it defined that escaping home, alcoholic habit, drug usage, and having peers and members of the family that are engaging into prostitution were the four aspects of risk factors of the possible entrance of children into the world of sex-trading. Somehow, if efforts of giving much more attention and care on the part of the peers, families, and the people these vulnerable minors were having connections with would be given, the vision of at least lessening the growing numbers of young people falling down on the trap of prostitution (Klatt, et al. 2014).As a matter of fact, in an article written by Tantiangco (2017), children are even sold for sexual purposes on the internet sites such as the Facebook, Tinder, Craigslists, and very shockingly, on OLX.
Because of the technology and the easy-way access for connectivity, these children are much more vulnerable to prostitution. Yet in response to this, Plan International Philippines made a campaign against Web Sex Trade by reaching out to children in the internet world using the #NotForSaleOnline. She even mentioned the loosen-grip of the laws for this certain act of criminality.
It is true that there are existing laws for the protection of the rights of these children, but the seen problem is its financial aspect. There is no thrust upon implementation of these laws if not fueled by money.However, prostitution is not just merely present in developing countries nor with those countries that were able to legalize it, but also with some other places may it be developed or not, legalized or not (Iaccino, 2014).Alternatively, New Zealand is one of the countries where prostitution is illegalized following the Prostitution Reform Act (PRA) of 2003. But ironically despite the latter law, few of the New Zealanders still engages in prostitution; both who business sex and the one who buy sex. Furthermore, from the year 2000 to 2013 there are lots of founded news articles showing how prostitution exists in their place. It also shows how the children or adults became victims. Also, those children and adults are mostly girls; who are vulnerable from all the abuses.
With this idea generated, even if prostitution is prohibited and even laws in line with it where imposed and implemented, still are rampant. It can be found in any place may it be in streets or luxurious places and the worst thing is that even in the vulnerable sector of the community. It still exists even in the most developed countries and so as with the most undeveloped ones. It becomes one of the issues that need to be addressed (Farvid & Glass, 2014).
As a matter of fact, the situation of children now is in multiplicity experience; however, they struggle with a different kind of social and economic deprivation. We need to understand their life and become more sensitive in our perception towards them. Our responses are very significant because we can change the perception of the society, to increase the value of life and survival from this kind of exploitation. The protection of the children must be started in the home guided by their parents also in the school. Policy and programs of the government should be exercise or implement wisely in every city.
However there is an intensive policy in this kind of physical exertion, but some policymaker did not recognize this law as their basis towards their perspective. The sexual exploitation is continuing in our society because there is no avenue for those who are vulnerable in the community which is the children and women. Furthermore, this exploitation is a widespread problem in the whole world so that we need to be resilience facing this kind of stigma in our community. There are a lot of researchers and studies how to prevent the sexual exploitation then no-one can stop this, but we can advocate able to respect and understand their situation in life. Further quantitative and qualitative research to better understand the complexities of this issue is warranted. There are researchers that show the structural interventions that reduce gender inequalities in all social establishments in Rwanda.
The challenges how to protect and secure the future of the children is for everybody so that we should unite to fight this situation (Williams, et al. 2012).Moreover, commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of children also challenge the United States because this is a global health problem. Through the vulnerability of women and children in the world, they are victims of this kind of scarce, violence and illegal acct. Even though the government of the United States of America is can’t stop finding a solution and preventive programs for their citizen. However, the health expertise of the USA is finding their medical information resources regarding commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking has been spare. The said problem is not only to the third world countries but even the develop counties are experiencing chaotic and unsolved issues in the society. Furthermore, there are five stages of trafficking are explained, as are typically physical and emotional consequences of exploitation.
The medical evaluation is described, including potential indicators of commercial sex exploitation of children and sex trafficking, common medical presentations by victims, approaches to the comprehensive medical interview, and the appropriate medical exam with diagnostic testing and treatment. Finally, a discussion of common victim needs is provided, with a description of resources and referrals (Greenbaum, 2014). The United States of America is like the other countries in the world that they don’t stop using their resources to reduce the chaos in their community. Through the participation of agencies, organizations, and communities the supplement of information to all people are properly disseminated able to avoid the commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of children and women. The prevention for commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of children is not responsible for only one person but, this is our responsibility. Like our government leader, we should be a channel of compassion to those who are victims specifically the children. The opportunity to be part of this research is memorable and significant for me because this is an open window to me to understand their situation. Through the unity and empowerment of the people, we can face this reality of happening to the vulnerable, small at lack education in our family.
Furthermore, these prostituted children are ought to be considered as “disadvantaged groups”. They never thought of it, nor wander on their little minds that they will end up in such situation. Prostitution is rather an effect of their being un-helped and improperly cared. Rare are those who had their plans inclined with engaging in such activity. Sexual works are forms of violating these children’s rights.
They are ought to be the solely victims of their current situation. Yet, poverty is not alone as becoming the major factors in their engagement. There are different underlying problem underneath it. Mostly all of the prostituted children gave confession that if they would be given the single chance to pick what kind of life they would prefer, it would be a normal one. In addition, they become inevitable in obtaining STD’s or HIV/AIDS.
No matter how hard they fight upon having these, it becomes more dangerous and risky. Even if they ask their customers to use condoms, most of them refuse because according to them it reduces the amount of their satisfaction. This is also because of the thought that they are the “boss” on the business. They do as they please and these children don’t have anything to do with it. However, these children still do not lose hope on at least reducing the risk of contamination with diseases. Taking care of themselves is the best option rather than requesting their costumers of using protection. They go to health centers and seek medication. Another situation is that some refuse to agree when booked whenever they find the costumers looked prone to diseases or are dangerous.
But some also are being nagged by their pimps whenever they refuse costumers. Being subordinates, their freedom is being deprived. They are even taught how to satisfy more their costumers in order for them to become obsessively go back to them. The saddest part of the life they have is whenever they want to ease their grief, what they are left to do are night crying, suing their undesired destiny, and thinking upon their free time. Their experiences from the past were marked as one of the factors that lead to the situation of these children. Most admitted that they were not virgins when they first started engaging in prostitution and few confessed that they were first-timers.
They lost their virginity because some of them were raped, and mostly had pre-marital sex with their former relationships. They engaged into prostitution because of their perspective that if ever their real identity of being not anymore virgin shall be known, society will no longer accept them. To add, people who took advantage of these confused children are referred to as their brokers. Some also who took them to engage in prostitution were their boyfriends, yet some also admitted to own their decision upon joining.
Some are not aware of the job’s risks. They can easily enter, but find it hard to move out. Their young minds become more accepting about the idea that it is the best way for survival as they gradually continue staying longer in prostitution.
They fear to go out because they think that they cannot have jobs that would somehow cater them in order to survive in their daily livings. Thus, the study of Suyanto (2013) concluded that prostitution is a form of criminal act since it violates rights of the children. Multifaceted problems concerning the environmental condition factors must be sought, understood, and considered with patience and empathy upon handling cases of prostituted children. Focusing mainly on their economic and moral status, it will never be enough (Suyanto, 2013).In addition, the child sexual and exploitation are the universal concerns; even there is certain policy and punishment for those who are violating the human right but still continue rapidly increasing the sexual abuse in the world.
Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) has conducted surveillance of child maltreatment and child protection every two years, published in World Perspectives on Child Abuse. It is hoped that up to date information will inform the development of laws, policies, and programs to better address child abuse and neglect (Dubowitz, 2017). All countries are gathered together to have the knowledge how to protect the children from other perspectives and programs to provide a safe environment for the children which are the future of our society. Through the prevention, programs, and policy they strengthen our relationship to other countries, especially how to secure the children and prevent the sexual and abuse exploitation. However, the leaders continue making the policy for protection and prevention of the children they also continue increasing the number of abuse because of their situation and lifestyle in society.
Furthermore, it is hoped that the policy-making body will not be burned out and shall stop doing their job to have good programs for the welfare of their citizen. In addition, Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE) is coined as a complex phenomenon that needs various programs and policies. Victims should follow a protection and rehabilitation process most especially for children who experience trauma as being in the CSE. It highlights the importance of not just focusing on how to prevent the said rampant increased number of prostituted women and children but rather the vital role of the rehabilitative process as per full recovery (Rafferty, 2016).