Ré – StudentResearch Proposal STUDENT DETAILS Your Name MOHAMED M I(16BCE205) Year of Study II Year Department CIVIL Area(s) of Interest Floating concrete Contact 9597410825 Team members (Name) (Department) (Number) Srinithi K(16BCE105) CIVIL – Harini P(16BCE081) Naresh K(16BCE230) MENTOR DETAILS Mentor Name Mr.A.Vishnu,AP/CE Dr.J.Premalatha,Professor &Head Mrs.S.Rajalakshmi,AP/CE Department Civil Contact 9788022432 Vishnu.a.
[email protected] TITLE OF PROJECTExperimental Investigation of Floating slab with IncorporatedPumice stone and Vermiculite PROJECTABSTRACT:ThisProject deals with the development of Floating type of concrete by usinglightweight aggregate (Pumice stone)and Aluminium powder as an air entrainingagent. There are many types of lightweight concrete which can be produced eitherby using lightweight aggregate or by using an airentraining agent. In thisstudy we have to work on combination of above mentioned types. This concrete isa non-structural concrete. In this study, comparison has be made betweenplaincement concrete and lightweight concrete having different proportion ofAggregate size and fix quantity of Aluminumcontent (i.e.
2%-8%) by the weightof cement has been taken into account. It helps to increase volume of concreteand hencereduce the weight.Keywords :Floating concrete, Pumice stone, Aluminiumpowder,Density, Compressive strength.OBJECTIVE The main objective of the floatingconcrete is to increase the resisting capacity of the concrete while theexternal loads acted on it and to set them in stable condition withoutdisrupting the environmental surroundings. The floating concrete provides the solution for the land reclamation andit also promotes the protection for the coastal area region from the highwave’s intensity and therefore minimizing the damage in the coastal body causeddue to the intensity of waves.RESEARCH SIGNIFICANCE:· To reduce the self-weight of the structure· Constructions on water bodies· Used as an acoustic medium· Low thermal conductivityLITERATURE SURVEY:1.”Floating Concrete by using Light Weight Aggregates andAir Entraining Agent”Mukesh D. Ghadge (2015)Mukeshworked on the development of Floating type of concrete by using lightweightaggregate Pumice stone and Aluminium powder as an air entraining agent.
Thereare many types of lightweight concrete which can be produced either by usinglightweight aggregate or by using an air entraining agent. In this study wehave worked on combination of above mentioned types. This concrete is anon-structural concrete. In this study, comparison has be made between plaincement concrete and lightweight concrete having different proportion ofAggregate size and fix quantity of Aluminium content (i.e. 2%) by the weight ofcement has been taken into account. It helps to increase volume of concrete andhence reduce the weight.2.
“Experimental Study on Light Weight Aggregate Concretewith Pumice Stone, Silica Fume and Fly Ash as A Partial Replacement of CoarseAggregate”Lakshmi Kumar Minapu (2014)Lakshmi KumarMinapu worked on the light weight concrete and light weight aggregate concreteand its classification. It is also reported on properties of various lightweight aggregate concrete. It is also discussed on proportioning of lightweight aggregate concrete by weight method.3.”Process for the manufacture of aerated concrete constructionmaterials and construction materials”GiorgioMassa,et al.
(2013)Giorgio Massaworked on the Process for the manufacture of aerated concrete constructionmaterials comprising the following steps: a. mixing a composition comprising atleast water, a cementitious material, calcium oxide, a compound comprisingreactive silicon dioxide, a source of oxygen, and a compound selected fromsodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium hydroxide, b. pouring themixture of step (a) into a mould and allowing the mixture to set, thus forminga stiffened body, c.
removing the stiffened body from the mould, d. optionallycutting and shaping the stiffened body, and e. curing the stiffened body.4.
“Strength and capillary water absorbtion of lightweightconcrete under different curing conditions”Nusret Bozkurt (2010)Toinvestigate the influence of addition of pozzolanic materials and curingregions on the mechanical properties and the capillary water absorption(Sorptivity) characteristics of light weight concrete. The results showed agood correlation between the strength development of concrete and its 14sorptivity.5. “Durability of StructuralLightweight Concrete”Celik Ozyildirim (2009)CelikOzyildirim worked on the durability of structural light weight concrete whichincludes the physical and chemical aspects of durability, the effect ofcracking and resistance of light weight aggregates to freezing and thawing.
6.”Very Large Floating Structures: Applications, Analysisand Design” E. Watanabe, et al. (2004)Inthis report, structural and civil engineers are introduced to the world of verylarge floating structures (VLFS) that have been gradually appearing in thewaters off developed coastal cities (and countries with coastlines). Theirpresence is largely due to a severe shortage of land and the sky-rocketing landcosts in recent times. After providing a description of a VLFS and highlightingits advantages (under certain conditions) over the traditional land reclamationin creating space from the sea, the authors bring to attention the early, thepresent and future applications of VLFS. The input design data, hydro elasticanalysis and design considerations for very large floating structures arediscussed, albeit in the most basic forms.METHODOLOGY:Materialsü Aluminium Powder (From Jayam Chemicals, Gandhipuram,Coimbatore)ü Plastic (Polypropylene) ü GGBS (GroundGranulated Blast-Furnace Slag) ü Gypsum Expected Outcomes :The project will have the followingimpacts in the construction field and society:ü Floating breakwaters are less expansivestructures than fixed structure in deeper water.
ü Floating breakwaters are not asobtrusive as fixed backwaters can be more aesthetically pleasing.ü Excellent behavior in cold weather.ü High fire resistance and inherentrigidity at low temperature.
References:1) Mukesh D. Ghadge, Vaibhav D. Kamble,”Floating Concrete by using Light WeightAggregates and Air Entraining Agent”(IJERT), ISSN: 2278-0181, Vol.
4 Issue 08, August-2015.2) Maheshkumar H. Thakrele,”ExperimentalStudy on Foam Concrete” (IJCSEIERD),ISSN (P): 2249-6866; ISSN (E): 2249-7978, Vol.
4, Issue 1, Feb 2014, 145-158, © TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.3) Dhawal Desai, “Development of LightWeight Concrete”IITBombay,Posted in Concrete Engineering, Project Reports Civil Engineering Portal,2014. 4) N. Raj, M. Rajesh, R. Manoj Kannan, M.
Madhavan, “Floating Concrete by using Thermocole “Final Year Civil Engg., NehruInstitute of Technology, Coimbatore, Published On: Fri, Feb 7th, 2014.5) Nusret Bozkurt & Salih Yazicioglu,”strength and capillary water absorbtion of lightweight concrete underdifferent curing conditions” Indian Journal of Engineering Sciences,Vol.17,April 2010,pp,145-151.6) Pierrehenri Jezequel, Benoit Mathonier, “Foamedconcrete” WO 2011101386 A1, PCT/EP2011/052311, Publication date Aug 25,2011.7) Evgeniy Nikolaevich Yastremskiy, Aleksandr Vladimirovich Kuznetsov, “Dry mixture for manufacturing cellular fibro concrete andmethod”, Application numberEP20110151173, Publication number EP2418187 A2, Publication date Feb 15, 2012.
8) Giorgio Massa,Rodney Seccombe, Pierre Dournel,”Process for the manufacture of aerated concreteconstruction materials and construction materials” Publication number EP2563740 A1, Publication date Mar 6,2013.9) Zainab Z. Ismail *, Enas A. AL-Hashmi,”Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement Article inWaste Management” · November 2007.
10) Dale E. Berner (1), Haijian Shi (2), “Applications of High Performance LightweightConcrete In A Floating Barge Gate” Ben C Gerwick, Inc, Oakland,California, United States, Published on 2014.11) E. Watanabe, C.M. Wang, T. Utsunomiyaand T.
Moan, “Very Large Floating Structures: Applications, Analysis and Design”National University of Singapore COREReport No. 2004-02.12) Praveen Mathew1, Shibi Varghese2,Thomas Paul3, Eldho Varghese4, “RecycledPlastics as Coarse Aggregate for Structural Concrete”ISSN: 2319-8753,International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering andTechnology,Vol. 2, Issue 3, March 2013.13) Pramod S.Patil1, J.R.
Mali2, Ganesh V.Tapkire3, H. R. Kumavat4, “Innovative Techniques of Waste Plastic Used in Concrete Mixture”, IJRET, eISSN:2319-1163 pISSN: 2321-7308, 2014.
14) AshwiniManjunath B T, “Partialreplacement of E-plastic Waste as Coarse-aggregate inConcrete”International Conference on SolidWaste Management, 5IconSWM 2015.15) S.Vanitha, V. Natrajan and M. Praba, “Utilisationof Waste Plastics as a Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate in Concrete Blocks”ISSN: 0974-5645, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 8(12), DOI:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i12/54462, June 2015.16) Nabajyoti SaikiaI, II; Jorge de BritoI,”Waste polyethylene terephthalate as an aggregate in concrete”ISSN: 1516-1439,mat. Res.
vol.16 no.2 São Carlos Mar. /Apr. 2013 Epub Feb 08, 2013.17) Ismail ZZ,Al-Hashmi EA., “Use of Waste Plastic in ConcreteMixture as Aggregate Replacement” Waste Manag.
2008 Nov; 28(11):2041-7. Epub 2007 Oct 10.18) Serkan Suba?,”The effects of using fly ash on high strength lightweight concrete producedwith expanded clay aggregate”ISSN 1992-2248 © 2009 Academic Journals, Scientific Researchand Essay Vol. 4 (4) pp. 275-288, April, 2009.
19) Josef Hadi Pramana, “Light Weight Concrete” 2010.20) B. Veeresh1,B. B. C. O.
Prasad2, K. Sateesh Kumar, “Light Weight Aggregate Concrete by using Cinder”ISSN 2319-8885 ,IJSETR,Vol.04,Issue.23, July-2015.
21) CelikOzyildirim, Ph.D., P.E., “Durability of Structural Lightweight Concrete”LWC Bridges Workshop.2009 IBC.
22) Lakshmi Kumar Minapu1, M K M V Ratnam2,Dr. U Rangaraju3,” Experimental Study On Light Weight Aggregate Concrete With Pumice Stone, Silica Fume And FlyAsh As A Partial Replacement Of Coarse Aggregate ” ISSN: 2319-8753, IJSETR,Vol. 3,Issue 12, December 2014.23) ConcreteTechnology Theory and Practice by M S Shetty, PUBLISHERS: S.CHAND & COMPANY LTD. (An ISO 9001: 2000 Company).
Estimated time frame: MONTH ACTIVITIES July-August Literature review, Material study. September Material collection, Material test. October – November Casting of specimen. December-January Curing, Testing of specimen.
February-March Analysis and discussion on results, April Reporting and Publications Rough budget estimation: S.No MATERIALS QUANTITY COST 1. Cement 300kg (6 bags) 2100.00 2. Sand 100kg 1100.00 3. Steel 58 per kg including GST (60 kg required) 3480.
00 4. Chicken mesh 18 per sg.ft 850.00 2.
Pumice stone powder 20kg 2800.00 3. Quarry sand 100kg 450.00 4. vermiculate 20kg 1750.00 5. Aluminium powder 10kg 8750.
00 6. Saw dust 50kg 1800.00 7. Lime 20kg 680.00 8. Gypsum 15kg 710.
00 9. GGBS 100kg 1000 10. Others (transportation ) – 3500 TOTAL 28970.00 S.
No. Phase Budget Amount 1 Phase I 25000.00 2 Phase II 3970.00 3 Phase III 0 Declaration:I, MOHAMEDM I &(16BCE205) belonging to CIVIL department isresponsible for the details furnished above. The content is unique and belongsto me(us). Name of the Student: Nameof the Mentor: MOHAMED M I &(16BCE205) VISHNU Signature withdate Signature with date