RELFECTIONUnderstanding a child’sbehaviour, reaction, and growth stage is important therefore, to have knowledgeabout them is vital to achieve the correct method of reaction to help themadjust to the environment. During my involvement in this group assignment, wewere given the privilege of interviewing the Tan family where I was introducedto client N. a Chinese, male toddler who is of two years of age.
Client N. isthe youngest of three siblings, and lives with his parents and a helper.Toddlerhood is described to be within one to three years old based on the “Developmentage group” (Ball, 2012). Client N may seem rather timid and takes timeto warm up to new people however he is said to be very energetic and activewith people he is familiar with. Client N.’s family lives in a Maisonette HDBin Hougang in which, he shares a room with his older brothers. It is verycommon for younger children to imitate or re-enact their older siblings. This mayresult in good behaviour or bad behaviour depending on the situation.
This Iwhere his mother, Mrs L. gets involved by communicating in the most suitable wayto teach him what is right and wrong with rationale as she believes thatcommunication and compromise is vital to solving conflict. The family bond isvery unified in the sense where every activity and events are joined by bothparents and all the three children. Play facilitates thecognitive and affective growth of a child’s development for fine and grossmotor skills.
These cognitive functions may encourage the child’s logical thinking.Client N. occasionally plays beside his brothers but not with them, imitatingtheir actions like building blocks etc.
Assimilation is to gain information andto use it in one’s experience. This term is known as Parallel Play. To playchildren use their fine and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills basicallydescribe minor movements like picking something from the ground which usessmall muscles of the fingers and toes etc. Whereas, gross motor skills utilisesthe larger muscles to do things like rolling over. Client N. using his finemotor skills could do all or most of the things for a regular two-year-oldtoddler one example would be, cutting a piece of paper with a scissors. Theanticipatory guidance for him would be to allow him to use scissors only whenthere is adequate supervision, only for safety precaution.
Same goes to thecapability for using his gross motor skills at the age of two, one examplewould be to balance on each foot for one second. The anticipatory guidance isfor him to have more practice and to play games like hopscotch. It will notonly strengthen his core muscles but also to enhance his coordination byrequiring him to shift his weight and improving his balance overall.
According to the ErikErickson’s theory of psychosocial development, Client N. is between eighteenmonths to three years of age therefore, he is in stage two. Stage two isAutonomy versus shame and doubt. Toddlers at this stage are fixated on gaininga greater sense of personal control. With personal control, comes independenceand confidence with themselves and the world around them. Toilet training atthis age, influences the child to learn alot about their body functions andonce fully successful they emerge feeling confident in themselves. On the otherhand, if unsuccessful, this could sequentially leave the child feeling doubtfulof their capabilities resulting in shame. Parents and care-givers should takethis part of their life seriously and teach or help them emotionally byencouraging them.
During the interview,Client N’s mother, let my group and I review his health booklet. Healthbooklets are given to every Singaporean child to be updated on upcomingvaccinations, allergies, growth and development progress and to monitor to seeif there is any onset of health problems. We were most interested inimmunization. What is immunization and why is it important? It is to minimizethe risk of infection and major diseases that can eventually result in greatdisability or death. Vaccinations also help the body defend againstmicroorganisms caused by diseases.
Client N.’s mother takes his health veryseriously therefore, his vaccines were all up to date. Besides vaccination,nutrition is vital for a child’s growth. Client N’s nutritionstarts in the morning with milk, Enfagrow stage 3, followed by breakfast,lunch, milk again then dinner and milk again before bed.
Most of his meals arehome cooked and his mother ensures that he is sufficiently hydrated throughout theday. Toddlers should eat food rich in complex carbohydrates for energy, rich inproteins to help their rapid growth and development and, food containing unsaturatedfats to provide energy and needed for proper absorption of fat-soluble vitaminsin the body and the development of the brain and nervous system. Food high infibre like fruits and vegetables should be served at every meal since they arerich in vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre. Client N. usually has porridgefor his meals.
Sometimes with porridge, it does not contain sufficient amountof nutrition. The anticipatory guidance we suggested was to use the “My healthyPlate” to use as reference to prepare his meals. He should also be given mealsin small portions as too much food may be too much for him.
Too gain informationparents and care-givers can go online to health-related websites to gainknowledge about their children and how to facilitate their growth. Polyclinicsas well as neighbourhood community centres provide assistance to help parentsunderstand their child better. In polyclinics, there are brochures as well asnurses, all around who can and will be willing to answer any question and doubtthe parents have regarding their child as well. Nurses can also give shortadvices over the photo when they call to make appointments etc. This assignment hastaught me that having a good unified support system at home is very crucial. Itis the foundation of every child’s growth involving learning a language or evenmoral values and mannerisms.
Children watch their parents and care-givers veryclosely, eventually following their very footsteps when they are older.Knowledge on children development is also important. We should never take forgranted what we think we know, based on our understandings from the past. Everychild is unique and different and we should keep expanding our minds to learnabout them. I was personally quite impressed with Client N.
‘s Mother who wasvery up-to-date with everything regarding her children. Most parents thesedays, leave a lot of responsibilities to their helper and they are no usuallyso bothered about the minor things but client N.’s mother was. Ultimately, the main fewthings to look out for when having child is first their health and nutrition.Then comes growth and development, noticing their abilities and in capabilities. Always remember that they are allindividually different from one another and they duty of each parent shouldaccept them and embrace their differences and treated them accordingly.