sahib al-maal?(pl. ashaab al-maal) (see rabb al-mal,
the investor in a mudarabah contract).
sahih?(alt. sp. of saaheeh) Meaning
correct, valid, sound, especially in studies of the Hadith.
Sahih al-Bukhari? One of six
canonical collections of hadith.
Among Sunni Muslims it is
considered the most authoritative, along with Sahih Muslim. Compiled and
codified in the ninth century by Muhammad
ibn Ismail al-Bukhari, the Sahih al-Bukhari contains nearly 7,300
traditions in nine books and recount Muhammad’s statements on alms, belief,
cleansing, commerce, crime, faith, fasting, hunting, inheritance, judicial
procedures, monotheism, murder, oaths, pilgrimage, prayer, vows, war, wills and
wine. Al-Bukhari carefully tested the veracity of hadith and his hadith
collection is therefore held in high regard.
sajdah, sujud?Prostration to God and facing
(specifically) the Ka’bah
and (practically) the city of Mecca,
during the daily prayers (salah).
The position involves placing the forehead, nose, both hands, knees and all
toes touching the ground so that they are all touching the ground
prostration carried out whilst reading the Qur’an.
form of sukuk.
salaam, salam?Literally, peace. Muslims will
often greet each other by saying ‘al-salaam alaykum’, which translated as
‘Peace be with you’ or Peace be upon you’.
Salaatul Jumu’ah, Jumu’ah?Friday Prayers. Friday is the Muslim holy day and
Friday Prayers are the pinnacle of the week’s praying. Salaatul Jumu’ah takes
place instead of the normal dhur
salaf, salafiiyah, salafi?The
pious ancestors or early Muslims,
often more specifically referring to the first three generations after the Prophet Muhammad, numbering in
the hundreds and including his contemporaneous companions.
salah, salaah, salat,
salaat?The ritual prayer performed by
all Muslims. Its
importance can be gauged by the fact that it is the second Pillar of Sunni Islam and the first of
the Ten Practices of the Religion
in Shi’a Islam.
Salah takes place at set times during the day and must follow a set procedure
and meet several important conditions. Salah takes place five times a day,
determined by the position of the sun in the sky. These are: (i) near dawn (fajr); (ii) just after
noon (dhur); (iii) in
the afternoon (asr);
(iv) just after sunset (maghrib);
and (v) at or around nightfall (isha’a).
Prayer must take place in a clean location wherever possible; and if the person
performing salah is bleeding, it must be postponed. Before prayer starts,
Muslims perform wudhu
(ritual ablution). After that, a sequence of actions must be performed
including facing the Ka’bah
(or more generally Mecca),
performing recitations, sajdah
(prostration) and sitting, but the details of these rituals vary slightly
between branches of Islam and are too numerous to detail here.
salat, salaat?Muslim ritual prayer (see salah).
Prayers (see fard, ahkam).
Salat-ul Eid, Salatul-Eid, Salat
al Eid, Salat al Eidain?The
special prayer commemorating the two main festivals (Eids) in Islam, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.