Section A: Identification and Evaluation of Sources- How can I limit word countThe investigation will explore: To what extent was the Strategic Defense Initiative vital to ending the Cold War through the asymmetric response of the USSR? It will examine the failures and successes of the Strategic Defense Initiative through the response of the Soviet Union, and the arguments for the program’s influence on ending the Cold War. The first source prompted an understanding of the Soviet response and the influence of arms control and disarmament, Matthew A.
Evangelista, Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999). The focus on the Soviet side displays the effects that the program had on the USSR, rather than the perspective of the United States role. The second source is found online, Jason Saltoun-Ebin,”The Reagan Files: The Strategic Defense Initiative,” (www.thereaganfiles.com), Feb. 6, 2011. The source serves as an argument for and against in the debate over the Strategic Defense Initiative, in which many files had been uncovered since the stabilizing times of the end of the Cold War. Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold WarOrigin: Secondary Source by Matthew Evangelista in 1999.
Evangelista is American born, with studies in Russian history and literature, published in Ithaca. Purpose: To explore the impact these activists (transnational actors) had on the Soviet side of the Iron Curtain. This demonstrates the importance of their efforts on behalf of arms control and disarmament, indeed contrasting the more perceived view of the United States.Value: The reflection of a Soviet push for peace talks after post-Cold War resources in the late 90’s demonstrates the controversy over the successes of the Soviet Union for disarmament. He claims that “many observers believe that their influence was negligible and that the Reagan administration deserves sole credit for ending the Cold War, this is the first book to explore the impact these activists had on the Soviet side of the Iron Curtain, Unarmed Forces demonstrates the importance of their efforts on behalf of arms control and disarmament.
” Evangelista takes a pro-USSR side in which accurately reflects the documentation following the Cold War. Limitations: Evangelista purposely focuses on the Soviet transitions as it relates to the United States and their given motives as a result of US actions without discussing the role the United States had in counteracting the USSR. By stating: “The ultimate accomplishment of transnational actors is the success in unlinking the SDI program”, he puts the major emphasis on how it was dismantled, as well as how the reactions of the Soviet Union reacted purely from SDI. He fails to demonstrate the reasoning of defense and the shift in policy of the United States based on the SDI.
The significance of the shift in negotiations affects the sources ability to explain its reasoning for transnational actors and ultimately weakens its argument that it was not only held on a political level. The Reagan Files: The Strategic Defense InitiativeOrigin: Primary and secondary source material. Archival researcher of Reagan Administration documents.Purpose: The release of primary documents to help answer questions about the intent of SDI and the true success as a result of pushing the USSR into a bankrupt arms race. Value: Jason Saltoun-Ebin makes the argument that “Reagan’s support for SDI ushered in a new era by moving the United States away from the policy of Mutual Assured Destruction and towards a policy that would help to ensure the survival of people should a nuclear attack be launched against U.
S. cities”. He declares that critics, however, believe USSR did not reciprocate the response based on no additional expenditure– documentation provided within source then prove SDI did not force USSR into bankrupting arms race.
Limitations: Jason Saltoun-Ebin was hired for research on a Reagan biography by Richard Reeves, a syndicated columnist who expresses his opinions on presidents. Moreso, the publication of these documents were released under the Freedom of Information Act, and The Reagan Libraries did not respond to the publisher of these documents after 8 years upon request. The time difference may correlate with some of the extracts being censored.