Sexual Orientation And Hiv Aids Health And Social Care Essay

A individual ‘s gender is explored during the clip of adolescence ( Greydanus, 2003 ) . Most frequently, sexual geographic expedition carried out by homosexual young person takes topographic point in secret, off from equals and household members ( Greydanus, 2003 ) . The find of one ‘s sexual orientation being towards homosexualism can be straitening for persons ; it can motivate an unwanted individuality crisis ( Berstein, 2008 ) .

Often fearing physical injury, bias, exploitation or banishment, many homosexual adolescents attempt to stamp down their homosexualism behind a heterosexual individuality ( Greydanus, 2003 ) ( Eisenberg & A ; Spinner-Halev, 2004 ) .Young work forces who engage in sexual intercourse with other work forces are at an increased hazard of undertaking HIV/AIDS when compared to their heterosexual opposite numbers ( Questions and Answers: LGBTQ Youth Issues ) . The HIV virus is exchanged through bodily fluids such as seeds, blood, vaginal secernments and chest milk and is merely catching from individual to individual. AIDS ( acquired immune lack syndrome ) is a status which depicts a complex province of HIV infection. As HIV/AIDS replicates, the organic structure ‘s immune system is damaged.

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In bend, the organic structure becomes vulnerable to infection every bit good as to frailty. Presently there is no known intervention for both HIV and AIDS. HIV/AIDS is chiefly spread through prosecuting in unprotected intercourse with person who has HIV/AIDS ; through the sharing of acerate leafs, panpipes and other similar equipment used to fix illicit drugs for injecting ; or during childbearing by an septic female parent. The rates of hazardous sexual patterns amongst the immature work forces who are prosecuting in sexual intercourse with other work forces are higher than those shown for older work forces prosecuting in sexual intercourse with other work forces ( Questions and Answers: LGBTQ Youth Issues ) .The term ‘sexual orientation ‘ is often used to depict the loving attractive force towards another individual. The attractive force may be romantic, emotional or sexual. Sexual orientation is portion of a continuum and it ranges from opposite-sex attractive force merely ( heterosexual orientation ) to same-sex attractive force merely ( homosexual orientation merely ) .

The purposes of this essay include placing the impact of the issue of HIV/AIDS and the homosexual population. This population is mostly stigmatised, marginalised and discriminated against. Heterogeneity besides impacts on the wellness of the homosexual population populating with HIV/AIDS. Inequities nowadays in the homosexual community which affect the community ‘s ability to turn to the issue of HIV/AIDS.

Barriers to wellness must be addressed at different degrees of society, in order to increase chances in bettering the wellness of homosexual males. Some community development activities every bit good as wellness publicity activities have been proven to work with male homosexual populations.

Impact of HIV/AIDS on the homosexual population

A mostly pessimistic mentality in respects to homosexualism has the possible to take to rejection by household and friends. Homophobia, stigma and favoritism can hold detrimental effects on the wellness on work forces who engage in sexual intercourse with other work forces. Prejudiced Acts of the Apostless and even force may harm specific persons. Those homosexual males whom experienced worse rejection were more likely to perpetrate self-destruction, report high degrees of depression, use illegal substances every bit good as were more likely to prosecute in hazardous sexual behavior.Many people ‘s initial response to HIV/AIDS is finger indicating or mistreatment towards the persons populating with HIV/AIDS. As a consequence of this, the epidemic of HIV/AIDS is forced underground.

This is of major concern because it fosters idyllic fortunes for HIV/AIDS to distribute. Stigmatization every bit good as favoritism both menace the effectivity of HIV/AIDS bar and attention plans. The unfavorable impact of holding to populate with HIV/AIDS discourages homosexual males from asking about protection of themselves and others, discourages proving and creates a pessimistic environment. Homosexuals infected with HIV/AIDS, or those at hazard of infection may prefer to non entree wellness attention services, bar services, or instruction services because of dismay of being stigmatised by service suppliers or wellness attention suppliers.

Heterogeneity & A ; homosexual males

Irrespective of race or ethnicity, age, socio-economic position or state of beginning, all homosexual males are considered members of the community. Everybody is considered to be diverse and the demands of homosexual males should be considered during public wellness attempts to better the overall wellness of each and every person.Health practicians must admit the heterogeneousness of immature people ‘s experiences and attractive forces, and must implement a non-judgemental attack to gender. Specific medical attention services need to be culturally competent and specific to this population.

A figure of wellness menaces have been associated with sexual orientation and societal inequality has been connected to an overall poorer wellness position. Social isolation is an on-going concern amongst the homosexual population. Members of the community become progressively withdrawn from activities and from their friends, develop low self-pride and even hold troubles concentrating on set undertakings. From this, some may even develop depression, think about self-destruction or even try it. Harmonizing to Cherney ( 1998 ) , the disapprobation of same-sex desire and ill will towards non-heterosexual individuality is by and large prevailing socially, culturally, politically, lawfully every bit good as theologically.

Issues around Marginalisation, Stigma & A ; Discrimination

There is no denying that frights and misunderstandings in relation to homosexualism is still widespread. Although homophobia is easy traveling in a positive way, it still exists amongst communities and populations.

Homosexual persons are still among the most stigmatised groups in the state and hatred offense to some grade is still prevailing. Decisions around kid detention still on a regular basis scrutinise homosexual males as unfit parents and cheery relationships are non lawfully recognised. Members of the homosexual population are non merely stigmatised but besides emotionally vulnerable. The societal stigma related to same-sex attractive force is generated at a cultural degree ( Grossman & A ; Kerner, 1998 ) . It frequently develops into interpersonal homophobia ( Grossman & A ; Kerner, 1998 ) .

Discrimination against homosexual populations is described as ‘heterosexism ‘ . The heterosexist belief Markss alternate genders to heterosexualism poses a menace to society. Discrimination may take an apparent signifier, such as in verbal maltreatment or physical force, or it may be concealed, the manner silence surrounds many homosexual issues. Gender function stereotypes affect all members of society.Normally, favoritism affects the wellness of homosexual males in a negative manner. Discrimination frequently leads to wellness jobs, a poorer general wellness position, diminished use of health care installations and even a reduced quality of wellness services.After analyzing the outgo of bar plans, unfairness of investing in bar services was exposed. Minimal wellness bar services were found which focused on homosexual work forces.

Behaviour manifestations of sexual orientation and sexual behavior may, or may non, show a relationship with personal individuality. Even so, they still play a portion in lending to the wellness results in inquiry.One of the most notable concerns homophiles are faced with is the fright of isolation. Isolation may be experienced in a cognitive signifier, when there is a shortage of approachable or precise information. On the other manus, societal isolation is experienced when persons lack contact with other people who may besides be sing their ain personal divergency about their gender.

Third, emotional isolation can potentially be experienced. ( Cherney, 1998 ) . Misconceptions around sexual diverseness still remain and as a consequence, homophiles are still greatly misunderstood ( Eisenberg & A ; Spinner-Halev, 2004 ) . Unfortunately, information and support for homophiles still remains limited and equivocal. In order to help in shuting the spread on marginalization experiences by the homosexual population, resources need to be specific, multi and interdisciplinary, confidential, accessible and financially low-cost ( hebdomad 7, talk notes ) .

Community Development & A ; Health Promotion Activities

The single wellness and wellbeing demands of homosexual males is non ever made clear ( Weeks, 2003 ) .

Much of the information suggests a great diverseness in the demands of homosexual people. A huge diverseness of gender, gender, socio-cultural backgrounds, socio-economic position, age, households of beginning every bit good as pick ( Grossman & A ; Kerner, 1998 ) . Individual demands can be subdivided into three separate classs. The first being emotional demand, the 2nd being support and the 3rd covering information demands ( Cherney, 1998 ) .

Many of the identified demands were seen to be primary conditions which were critical in developing and keeping a vigorous, optimistic sense of ego ( Bem, 1996 ) . This included feeling normal or ordinary, recognized and understood. Another strong portion of the demands which was taken note of was the support required from household and friends, every bit good as experiencing a sense of belonging ( Bem, 1996 ) .Community development and instruction is needed to promote the cognition of the demands and experiences of same-sex attracted people ( Head, 2002 ) . It is imperative that homophobia and heterosexism are addressed in order to make a safe environment free of fright of favoritism ( Riggs, 2008 ) .Community development activities should be multifaceted and aimed at helping positive attitudes towards gender, an addition in positive attitudes every bit good as action in the community.

For illustration, The Youth Sexuality Project received support from the Commonwealth Department of Health and Family Services it payed careful attending to the bar of self-harm and self-destruction in same-sex attracted people. Main purposes of this peculiar strategy were to decrease isolation every bit good as to assistance in the betterment of positive attitudes toward their gender. Such activities need to be sustainable, effectual and reputable in order to turn to the wellness demands of the population.

Partnerships with other related services would besides be good in helping with turn toing the wellness demands of the population.Health publicity policies aspire to ease the designation of jobs by members of the community. Solutions should be developed and any necessary alteration should be assisted. Community development efforts to accomplish a fairer distribution of resources for the community. Ideally the accomplishment of community development is achieved through a procedure of engagement as good a bottom-up program.

Community administration, community mobilization, community capacity edifice, community-based inducements and engagement have all been linked to community development.The most sustainable bar plans must concentrate on diminishing the incidence of HIV/AIDS amongst the populations at increased hazard ; must be antiphonal to alter over clip and must concentrate on understating the impact of HIV/AIDS on the whole community. Peer instruction plans and schemes advancing behaviour alteration are resourceful. Community consciousness must be raised to turn to the efficiency of schemes which promote injury minimization.Mass media runs, and other targeted plans need to be aimed at the people populating with HIV/AIDS. Campaigns should non merely advance safe behaviors but should besides be consistent with national precedences.

Furthermore, the handiness of rubbers should be readily accessible about high hazard population countries.The design of services demands to be accessible to the people who need the services most and it must guarantee privateness and confidentiality, to understate chances for stigmatization or favoritism. Screening of HIV/AIDS demands to be consistent, intercession schemes must be promoted and the entree to information must be improved.