Should I Stay or Should I Go?Russia hasbecome a huge donor for labor migrants from Central Asia. Low wages andunemployment in Central Asian countries make people to travel to the capital ofthe former USSR – in which these nationswere connected by the same language and history, shared one land and had notfrontiers between each other. Nowadays, these states have become independentsince the collapse of the USSR, that they belonged to, many years ago.
Currently, Russian Federation is facing a big demographical crisis, especiallythe declining of the working-age group. Thus, there is a need to involve acheap working class from abroad. Due to having a visa-free regime between thosestates, the Russian state is easily accessible for the citizens of Central Asia.However, the immigrants should always extend and their staying in order toobtain the right to work in Russia. Some experts on demographic and migrationtrends of Russian Federation claim that there is a need for labor migration,however, these views are not always shared by Russian citizens in general.According to Myhre (2012), the migration corridor that is formed between Russiaand the citizens of Central Asian countries is assumed one of the biggest inour world and among them Tajikistan is the second from the point of the amountof citizens residing in Russia (p.
12). The Tajik labor migrants that strive tomigrate for Russia to find a new life, always have a bad economic situation intheir home country that causes for unemployment, salaries and poverty, whichmakes them dissatisfied with a state and authority itself. Although economicproblems remain the main reason for migration, some migrate for political andenvironmental reasons, too. The economicsituation that causes many issues in a country, such as lack of jobs, low wagesand poverty, remains the main reason for leaving Tajikistan.
Therefore, if wetalk about the migrants that come for the economic reasons, we should use theterm – economic migration. In economic migration, the migrant is usually ayoung man or a young female in search of a temporary job and intending toreturn home once certain savings have been reached. (Myhre, 2012, p.
16)Furthermore, they are convinced that in their home country these conveniencesare seen less. The economic factors of Tajikistan have not been stable for morethan 20 years already. During these years it has not reached its zenith even indecreasing of one of these problems. On the one hand, the government is notable to contribute toward its unstable factors of economy that the populationcould be engaged in making them better. On the other hand, Russia provides themigrants with more opportunities and believes that they serve to make thecountry more attractive. Therefore, the state’s contribution to the economy andits issues might go in favor of reducing the unemployment and poverty. In Tajikistan,there are a lot of unemployment because the lacking of work sphere.
Unemployment is considered a major problem not only in Tajikistan, but thecountries of Central Asia. Many Tajik migrants complain of not having a goodenvironment to work in their job fields or having a little salary for doing so.Tajik government does not create reliable work fields especially for the youthin the country. Encouraging the Tajik government to create jobs for its youthis highly unrealistic, because most men that migrate from the country are youngpeople with well reasoning skills.
In 2016, Tajikistan had the highestunemployment rate in the region at 12.6 % and the number of unemployed citizensreached 243,000 in Tajikistan, however these numbers were increasing over time(Ryazantsev, 2016, p.3). Russia as a developed country, for their part, has aneed in many economic and social sectors of its regions. Only by having differentsort of jobs with higher salaries and a better standard for living, Russia attractsmore young labor migrants of Tajikistan. That is why, many unemployed fromdeveloping countries move to any developed countries in order to find a betterjob and a potential for employment.
Findinga job in Russia will probably lead Tajik migrants to have a higher salary and amodern working environment. Nevertheless, if a country might succeedin dealing with a high rate of jobshortages and creates enough jobs, it does not imply that the citizens will gethigh salaries. Low wages are another issue that worsens the economic situationand causes many residents to migrate for Russia. In terms of numbers,Tajikistan offers the lowest average monthly wage at just $81, while itsneighbor country Kyrgyzstan offers $155 per month (Ryazantsev, 2016, p.4). Tajikistan reportedly has the lowestaverage rate among the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) nations (Ryazantsev, 2016, p.4).
Not all professions in the state have aregular salary, except those who work in the school or as health workers. Mostregular jobs in Tajikistan do not have high salaries, but in comparison toother countries the cost of living in Tajikistan is usually quite low. Theaverage of peoples’ salary should be enough to cover the costs of food andaccommodation, but there will not be some money left over for travel, leisureand running a new business.
That is what keeps most elder people to stay intheir land, however the young generation seems not sharing this notion andstrives to make their lives better by making greater affluence. Therefore,Tajikistan’s economic conditions are not able to overcome this problem at themoment, because it takes more time. As a result, Tajik migrants still will bemore attracted in high salaries of Russian state.