Skills Leaders Need at Every Level
This article refers in a research that is analyzing a
competency model for leadership development. It is based on the assumption that
once people develop a skill, they will continue to exercise it. 332.860 bosses,
peers, and subordinates asked what skills have the greatest impact on a
leader’s success in the position currently hold. They selected the top four out
of a list of 16 that provided to them.
Competencies that were voted as the most important for
all management positions are:
-Inspires and motivates others?38%
-Displays high integrity and honesty?37%
-Solves problems and analyzes issues?37%
-Drives for results?36%
-Communicates powerfully and prolifically?35%
-Collaborates and promotes teamwork?33%
-Displays technical or professional expertise?27%
-Displays a strategic perspective?24%
-Connects the group to the outside world?12%
-Establishes stretch goals?10%
As we can see
from the results, we understand that the fundamental skills will not change as
people move up the organization. Middle managers believe that most important
skill is solving problems. Then the senior managers believe that communicating
powerfully and prolifically is the top one competency. And only the top executives
move from the lower level to fifth position a new competency, the ability to
develop a new strategic perspective.
From this analysis, we can see that there is a logic
explanation about the usage of competency at different stages of development.
But some skills are very important and crucial from the beginning of your
career. So you have to demonstrate this skills before is too late.
The most important leadership competencies.
This article is referred to a research that is
focusing on “what makes an effective leader”. Participants of research were 195
leaders in 15 countries over 30 global organizations. They were asked to choose
the 15 most important leadership competencies from a list of 74. The answers were:
67% Has high ethical and moral standards.
59% Provides goals and objectives with loose
56% Clearly communicates expectations
52% Has the flexibility t change opinions
43% Is committed to my ongoing training
42% Communicates often and openly
39% Is open to new ideas and approaches
38% Creates a feeling of succeeding and failing
38% Helps me grow into a next-generation leader
37% Provides safety for trial and error
These competencies were grouped into five major themes:
Demonstrates strong ethics and provides a sense of
safety. This theme is a combination of the two major
characteristics: “high ethical and moral standards (which is selected by the
67% of people) and “communicating clear expectation” (56% of people). This
theme is talking about the feeling of safety and trust in your environment. A
leader with ethical and moral standards can provide this feeling to employees
and also that rules will be honored by him and them.
Empowers others to self-organize. The next most important leadership competency is the ability to provide
a clear direction so employees can organize their own time and work. A Leader
can’t do all things alone. So he needs to distribute power through the
Fosters a sense of connection and belonging. People want to feel a sense of belonging and
consistently trying to connect with other people. So Leaders who provide this
feeling, by “communicate often and openly'” (#6) and “create a feeling of
succeeding and failing together as a pack” (#8) are building a strong
connection. Achieving this, is not so complicate as there are many simples ways
to promote it (smile at people, call them by name, etc)
Shows openness to new ideas and fosters organizational learning. Leaders with “flexibility to
change opinions”(#4),”being open to new ideas
and approaches”(#7) and “provide safety for trial and error”(#10) are
leaders who encourage learning. Is not so easy to admit that you made a
mistake, so having all those strengths build o strong connection.
Nurtures growth. The final category includes “Be committed to my ongoing training”(#5) and “helping
me grow into a next-generation leader” (#9). When a leader show commitment to
growth then employees is motivated and being loyal.
19 soft skills every leader needs to be
A successful leader except technical skills must have
soft skills like negotiating,
building morale, communicate with people and etc.
Some of those soft skills are analyzing below:
Listening: A great leader
first listens and then speaks. He understand how important is to listen other’s
opinions and ideas.
Communicating: Building relationships with others is a result of
good communications skills, that is help a leader to manage employees.
Negotiating: Most Leaders negotiating
Dealing with difficult employees:
Recognizing good work: