Social Learning and Trait Theories

Harmonizing to the Encyclopedia of Psychology ( 2001 ) , societal larning theory is based on the psychological science construct that the acquisition processes within our environment set up human behaviour. Aspects of support in either wagess or penalty meant to develop desirable behaviour most specifically find it. Trait theories on the other manus place personality as a set of features that are based on our consistent desires, attitudes and behaviour that form a stable and consistent portion of who we are. Julian B. Rotter is one of the earliest psychologists who developed the theory that besides the earlier research done on behaviourism by the likes of Ian Pavlov, knowledge besides played a immense function in societal acquisition. His statement was based on the theory that a individual ‘s behaviour is determined by anticipation. As a consequence, an single behaves in a certain manner based on the expected result of their behaviour every bit good as the value that single topographic points on that result.

Rotter ‘s personality theory based on societal acquisition had two variables ; internals and externals ( Mearns, 2000 ) . Peoples have different beliefs on their ability to command whether or non their assorted behaviours in life are reinforced. Internals believe that they have control over the sort of behaviours they portray while externals are of the position that their behaviour is because of external factors, which they have no control over. These two variables do non nevertheless use entirely in persons so that people are classified as either internals or externals. Generally, an internal person can portray external traits in assorted state of affairss. Personality in general is because of one ‘s interaction with their environment. Another popular societal larning theorist Albert Bandura argued that knowledge, behaviour, and one ‘s environment have a mutual relationship. This, he justified by explicating that one ‘s apprehension and reading of a state of affairs such as ill will causes them to portray hostile behaviour. This in bend frequently affects their environment as it may do similar hostile ideas and behaviour in other people.

Bandura is the same theoretician who introduced the construct of experimental acquisition ( Kreitner, & A ; Luthans, n.d. ) . Peoples learn certain behaviour by detecting the effects of such behaviour on other people. As a consequence, we will take up the behaviours that get positive support and remain off from those that are punished. This sort of acquisition is particularly typical of kids, who imitate behaviour that is rewarded in other kids or even grownups within their environment. Understanding the construct of societal acquisition and trait theories has enabled me to construe the behaviours and personalities of people within my environment such as my place, school and the work topographic point. We are all alone in the different traits that define each of us, and there are variables that determine our alone behaviour ( The Encyclopedia of Psychology, 2001 ) . One such variable is our single perceptual experiences of our environment. Though people may portion an environment such as in school and the work topographic point, they may hold different perceptual experiences of it, which would interpret into their different behaviours.

Expectations are another variable that determine our alone behaviours. Everyone has their single outlooks that drive them to act in a certain manner. If for illustration, go toing school in clip may be because a pupil expects to measure up to fall in a reputable college once they attain good classs, another pupil who does non be after to fall in college will non expose the same behaviour of diligently go toing school. Personal values besides contribute to single behaviour, which is driven by one ‘s personal ends and ideals, which make them, act in a certain manner. Self-regulation and programs in relation to accomplishing our ends and life by our ideals determines single behaviour. Therefore, to understand people ‘s personalities and behaviours in society, I have learned to analyse the determiners that contribute to both within their environment as opposed to doing generalisations and premises on the causes of their behaviours and the formation of their traits.

Harmonizing to Jones ( 2005 ) , an person ‘s environment plays a major function in the formation of their personality and behaviour. Aspects of the environment such as one ‘s household, equals, and neighborhood contribute to the societal acquisition that shapes behaviour and personality. Having learned this, I have been able to understand people ‘s behaviour better by first looking at the environment in which they live or were brought up. Condemnable behaviour such as robbery and burglary in an person for illustration, may be rapidly interpreted as a cause of poorness that drives them to gain a life in this manner. However, research has shown that persons who are brought up in an opprobrious environment have a high opportunity of turning to such condemnable behaviour ( Jones, 2005 ) . They may be populating comfy lives but still turn to condemnable behaviour as a manner of penalizing other people in a similar mode that they feel they were treated turning up.

In the same item, I have learned that experimental acquisition is a powerful tool that leads to the formation of personality and behaviour. Jones ( 2005 ) further cites the development of aggressive behaviour in kids as a merchandise of detecting the same in their parents, equals, or siblings. This has alerted me to recognize that how we behave within our societal scene plays a large function in the development of either desirable or bad behaviour in others within our environment, and particularly kids. It is hence of import for society to portray positive behaviour in all facets of our lives consciously in order to assistance in developing positive behaviour, attitudes, and personalities in kids as they grow up. This would assist in fring society of such unwanted behaviour as maltreatment, aggression, force and antisocial behaviour.

One of the major functions of each person in society is to make a favourable environment for themselves and for other people either in school, in the household or at the work topographic point. Having learned the constructs of societal acquisition and traits theories in the development of behaviour and personality, my function is reinforced with helpful cognition on how I can assist individual ‘s develop desirable behaviour through supplying equal learning experiences. When an person ‘s expected result of certain behaviour is non reinforced, they develop low anticipations so that they are no longer motivated to reiterate the behaviour. Raising the anticipation for support particularly in kids will assist them develop and prolong desirable behaviour. This can be done through assisting them develop rational anticipations and promoting them to acting in ways that they have been avoiding for the fright that they will neglect.

In my interactions with others, the cognition on societal acquisition and traits theories gives me the ability to understand all sorts of people that I meet. They may be introverted, extroverted, hostile, or missing in assurance but I will be in a place to make out to them since I am able to understand their different traits. This is every bit opposed to disregarding people for illustration on the evidences of being hostile and hence apparently unapproachable. It is therefore possible for me to near such an person and learn them how to take control of their choler and ill will. I can make this by assisting them switch their personal ideals and educating them on how negatively they affect their environment, like their kids or siblings with such behaviour.


Social acquisition plays a immense function in the formation of traits and personality in persons in society ( Kreitner and Luthans, n.d. ) . Once behavior is formed in childhood, based on the conditions of our environment, it is really difficult to alter that behaviour in future. As a consequence, it is imperative that society creates contributing environment for kids to develop healthy personalities and desirable behaviour. Development of self-evaluative ideals is besides of import as it helps persons create criterions for themselves that are at par with positive behaviour.

Kreitner and Luthans ( n.d. ) insist that advancing healthy cognitive procedures is another ready to hand tool in advancing desirable behaviour in societal acquisition. Such procedures would enable persons within the society to ground logically when construing different facets of their environment. This would in bend alteration such bad behaviour as force and aggression when peoples ‘ logical thinking powers are increased. This is by and large determining peoples ‘ perceptual experiences in ways that enables them to construe their environment positively in order to develop healthy personalities and positive behaviour.


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