Solar Electrification Projects in Malaysia

Solar Electrification Projects in Malaysia Before the arrival of development of technology that converts sunlight into electricity, solar power is only used for drying crops and fisheries, but the fact is solar energy is a useful technology for obtaining energy from sunlight compatible most recent. Solar energy can convert sunlight into electric current is said to have great potential in driving the development of the country.Solar energy derived from sunlight has potential in Malaysia because Malaysia is located in the equatorial region of sunshine throughout the year with a high temperature 27 ° C and receive direct sunlight almost 8 hours a day [1]. Solar energy is a renewable resource.

While we cannot use solar power at night or in the days of raging storms, clouds, we can be treated on the sun being there the next day, ready to give us more energy and light. As long as we have sun, we will have solar energy.Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) is a private company wholly-owned by the government in Malaysia.

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Tenaga Nasional Berhad is the largest electric service company in Malaysia and also the largest power company in Southeast Asia [2]. TNB Energy Services Sdn Bhd (TNB-ES), a wholly owned subsidiary of TNB who operate renewable Energy Hybrid Energy and renewable System Mini Hydro / Biomass is responsible for installation and maintenance of solar panels power station in Malaysia [3].Construction of solar panels to electricity producing is to intermittency of supply and irregularity of resources as an alternative for fossil fuel. TNB has already built solar hybrid systems in six islands neighboring Mersing comprising Pulau Pemanggil, Pulau Aur, Pulau Sibu, Pulau Besar and Pulau Tinggi [4]. The system was also built in the Orang Asli village of Kampung Denai in Rompin, Pahang. TNB with the cooperation of the Terengganu Government launched the solar hybrid system in Pulau Kapas.

Many benefits be contributed by installed a modern solar power station in Kampung Denai as the trails, not only capable of developing a reliable system of electricity supply but also able to advance the home of some of natives or indigenous people especially their children have enough light to study and their family get better life. With 480 unit solar energy panel to generate electricity to residents in Pulau Perhentian, Terengganu is not only to reduce dependence on increasingly expensive fuel, but more importantly, reduce pollution and global warming is a global issue today [5].Construction of the solar electrification system for domestic use will benefit the more than 1,600 villages in Pulau Perhentian Kecil and Besar [6].

It not only contributes to the national fuel economy, but also the country’s technological advances in the development of solar energy to generate electricity and environmentally friendly. While in Mersing, with access to electricity throughout the day through solar stations, local and foreign tourists interested in staying as the Pulau Aur, Mersing and indirectly provide economic benefits to tourism operators with a number of tourist arrivals to the island is increasing.More than 1,000 people in the islands waters of Mersing have enjoyed 24 hours of electricity produced by solar stations. It not only has been changing the lives, and improves socio-economic conditions of the population, but also to bridge the digital divide between rural and urban students.

In fact, life on the island currently not much different from the population in large cities of this country, with a satellite television broadcast, computer, internet and other modern amenities added.As well as in the Teluk Apan, the island of Langkawi is affected by the installation of solar station that facilitates people and also widely used in tourism, particularly in the hotel sector by installing the heater using solar energy-based electricity. This can reduce energy costs in the long term and provide applications and new ideas for the advancement of solar energy systems in this country. Solar cell can be our nation’s electricity procurement solutions that are environmentally friendly and can be applied in remote areas.

The use of solar energy has been limited in our country because of lack of research and solar cell production costs high. It also is not effective when developed in areas with high metropolis. TNB does not expand this project for more places of Malaysia especially in cities like Kuala Lumpur, high population factor that prevents the development of this technology and it is not recommended its development in the metropolitan area as well as rapid development because it can reduce the intensity of light that can be received by the solar panels.So in other words the energy generated is relatively small scale. Besides that, a small area such as Kuala Lumpur is not sufficient to install solar panels because the area needed by a solar panel to provide 1,000 MW of energy for a year starts in the region of 100sqkm almost half of the city Kuala Lumpur [7].

Also in Kuala Lumpur use a lot technologies that require greater energy to cause a solar energy station cannot meet the demand of energy is used especially in factories and large office that uses high electrical which operates whole day without stopping.In addition, to the areas in the east coast of Malaysia are also many places are not suitable for the entire year because the rainy season which causes the light rays of the sun to be short and strong storms can cause damage to a panel of solar cells that can cause loss to the TNB. TNB is still relies on the fossil fuels for electricity generation because the use of solar energy still not been able be used in data center operations which operates 24 hours without stopping including servers and storage systems as the energy supplied is not sufficient to cover the electricity.Solar power cannot be produced at night. Capacity of energy solar to date just limited to soft usage such as light generation and other electrical products that have low voltage rate. Otherwise, fossil fuels are of great importance because they can produce significant amounts of energy per unit weight better that other alternative energy.

Solar technology is at present still classified into a rather expensive technology that makes this technology expensive is because Malaysia has not been able to make the equipment and installation of solar cell equipment without buying abroad.If all the equipment and its installation equipment can be commercialized in the country, it could be cheap. Additionally, it is a challenge to the government to get people to use less fossil fuel because Malaysia has a lot of raw materials and energy resources such as oil and gas that puts barrier in the use of solar power. Malaysia should concentrate reach benefits in various areas of social, economic, environmental and intensity development of human capital to support the growth of green technology.

Elimination of subsidies for energy sources cannot be renewed and instead provide some initial handholding facility for sources of renewable energy to assist between other matters in the rural electrification, good environment and technological development is booming. Finally, we will hold some hopes for our R&D (Research and Development) specialists to come up with a more cost effective system of harnessing the endless source of energy in the form of the solar power to become Malaysia into a competitive nation and the world’s leading manufacturers in the field of solar electrification technology.