Texas is one of the two states to use the partisanelection to elect its judges for initially elects and re-elects with an optionof casting a straight-ticket vote.
They use it for the supreme court,intermediate court, and trial court. The result of this combination is a limitof variation of share vote for the judicial candidates and lead to one party towin it all. In the partisan election, candidates are listed on the ballot withan indication of their political party.
Texas hold partisan primaries in whichRepublican and Democratic candidates compete to present their party in thegeneral election. It has become more and more expensive due to the growing ofcampaigns cost that give benefit to special interest group to manipulate thejudiciary. In 1980, Texas became the first state to exceed $1 million in thejudicial race. Between 1980 and 1986, the cost of campaign election hadincreased by 250% and in 1988, the supreme court elections had become the mostexpensive, raising $12 million with twelve candidates. The other method is thegubernatorial appointment, it uses to fill vacancies with an appointment withSenate approval. Judges are served until the next general election. Judicialelections cause a lot of problems, one problem is the increase of campaignelections. To counteract the problem, Texas legislature passed the JudicialCampaign Fairness Act in 1995, which would limit on individual contributions tocandidates.
Texas also come up with Reforming of the selection of judges, whichare judicial nomination commission, judicial nomination commission withRetention Elections, nonpartisan judicial elections, and partisan electionswithout a straight-ticket option for judicial elections. Overall, there aresome advantages and disadvantages of each option. Option 1 and 2 require anamendment of Texas Constitution to be implemented where option 3 and 4 wouldrepresent less profound in the changes in the original judicial selection.