Endocrinologist settled in Canada, Hans Selye first introduced the concept of
stress into the life sciences in 1936. Pareek (1983) identified the different
types of organizational role stresses. Hans Selye (1956) explained the stress
phenomenon with General Adaptation Syndrome which is widely accepted across the
globe. Osipow and Spokane (1987) proposes the six work roles that were
stressful regardless of an individual’s vocational choice. Prasad et. al.
(2015) reported the medium level stress at the work place using his study in
the International Agricultural Research Institute, Hyderabad. Prasad et. al.
(2016) concluded that woman employee will experience more stress than the men
because of their dual role as employee and taking the responsibility of the
family, using comparative analysis on the causes of occupational stress among
men and women employees and its effect on performance. A comparative analysis
was made on occupational stress among IT sector with reference to agricultural
research institute employees and concluded that both sectors employees
experience medium level stress (Prasad et al. 2016).
Sung-Hwan Jeon et. al.
(2014) concluded that long working hours and occupational stress are
significantly related to presentism surveying more than 6000 wage works in
Republic of Korea. Kang Ho Lee et al. (2015) explained the association among
anxiety symptoms and occupational stress among young Korean female
manufacturing workers. The work environment, economic problems, task type and
family issues are the causes of occupational stress among the while collar
employees in Esfahan Streel Company, Iran (Masoud Lotfizadeh, 2014). Yasuhiko
Deguchi et. al. (2017) demonstrated the relationships between worker’s anxious
temperament, role conflict and sleeplessness among Japanese workers using logistic
regression analysis. Further this study suggested the reduction in role
conflict by supervisors and co-workers will reduce the stress related issues at
Prasad et. al. (2016)
identified the causes the occupational stress, its effect on performance and
ill-health effect on supermarket employees. In an investigation on causes of
occupational stress, coping strategies adopted and their relationship with the
teachers’ performance in CBSE affiliated school teachers in and around
Hyderabad, this study explained the factors associated with occupational
stress, coping strategies and their relationship with the performance (Prasad
et. al. 2016). The significant differences between the teachers those who
received social support and who followed the coping strategies who experienced
less occupational stress compared to those teachers who do not have required
social support and coping. The medium level stress exists at workplace and is
manageable with job design changes, adjusting school environment which improve
performance (Prasad et. al. 2016). Goyal (2017) studied the assessed the
severity of stress being faced by the employees working in ICT sector. The
findings of the study are revealing one. All respondents are found aware of
stress; most of them are suffering from negative tress, whereas only a few feel
positive tress. This study further suggested that coping strategies like yoga
and meditation will help to reduce the stress among the ICT sector employees.
Suraksha and Kuldip Chikkara (2017) studied the factors of occupational study
in Banking Industry applying confirmatory analysis and reported that 11 factors
like role overload, role ambiguity, poor peer relation low status, etc. will
significantly influence the causing occupational stress.