The bearing in the establishment of religious science.

The high medieval era has seen the Islamic world
ascend to being the key suppliers of ideas and information. Europe,  being one of the key beneficiaries of the
current cultural peak, has been receiving important insight;  including Latin translations of Greek texts
as well as translation of Arabic texts in astronomy, medicine, mathematics, to
mention but a few. It should be noted that the Islamic world has had
significant influenced numerous other dimensions of culture as we see it today,
partially through original innovation that were made in the Islamic Golden
Age.   In this epistle, my major intention is to
point out the contribution of the Islamic world more so in areas of art,
literature, religion, and science.

In the light of the history of the Prophet as a
descendant of illiterate people, the Sunnah and the Qur’an acknowledges writing
and reading (96:1-5) as strategies to extend knowledge (17:85), and term
knowledge as obligatory for all Muslims. These major sources of Islam have had
a significant impact in motivating Muslims to study and become scholars as a
way of knowing Allah and to appreciate His creations. Muslims have been eager
to seek knowledge, both secular and religious, and great civilization sprang up
within the short span of Mohammed’s mission. The results are clear in the
distribution of Islamic Universities such as Al-Azhar in Cairo and Alzaytunah
in Tunis that are known to be among the oldest universities in the globe.

In terms of religion, many authors of the current
age agree on the fact that the Qur’an- which Muslims believe to contain the
written word of the God to man- has had a significant bearing in the
establishment of religious science.  It
is believed that the need to peruse and understand the Qur’an acted an early
motivation the mastery of linguistic, historical, and grammatical, and other
sciences that advanced into autonomous sciences that of general use. For
example, the Holy Qur’an says:

“Read with the name of your Lord, Who creates,
Created man from a clot. Read and thy Lord is the Most Bounteous, Who teaches
by Pen; Teaches mans that which he knew not.” (Q. 96:1-5)

While the teachings of the Qur’an encouraged
literacy the recitation of the sacred book brought about the religious music of
Islam, and routine presentation of the Qur’an enabled the advancement of Arabic
texts, both in terms of precision and aesthetics.  The global nature of Islam has further
necessitated its readership by non-Arabs, which has fueled an array of translations
from the era of the Prophet when Salman al-Farsi translated a section of it to
Persian) (Ashqar & Nasiruddin
412).
 

Islam strongly motivates human beings to explore and
study the Universe. For example, the Holy book states:

 “We (Allah)
will show you our patterns/signs in the universe/horizon and in yourselves
until you are persuaded  that the
revelation is the truth.” (Q. 14:53)

In the light of this motivation, Muslim have made
significant advancements in numerous scientific fields, such as mathematics,
autonomy, physics, and chemistry, and there are is a firm and clear
understanding of the associations among astronomy, mathematics, and
geometry.  Apart from being the inventors
of algebra (by Umar Khayyam), Muslims founded the symbol for zero, invented the
decimal system (base 10), and came up with Arabic numerals (Patterson 78).  Muslim mathematicians, such as Al Biruni who
invested trigonometry, advanced geometry, as can be witnessed in their graphic
art, and excelled in natural history including mineralogy and geology.

 Discussions
about the contribution of the Islamic world in science seldom come to an end
without touching how Muslims facilitated advancements in the field of medicine.
 In Islam, the body of a human being is
sacred and should be appreciated in honor of its creator, Allah.   For
example, Prophet Mohammed urges Muslims to “Take medicine for your
disease…” as people were reluctant to do so in those days.  The Prophet also mentioned that

 “God created
no illness, but made a cure for it, except for old age.”

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