The process of science, or the Scientific Process, is a set of rules for checking scientific conclusions against nature. Once a phenomenon is observed, the Scientific Process is used to explain what was seen and why it had happened. The typical steps of the Scientific Process are as follows: The first step is the observation. Once a phenomenon is observed, a hypothesis is formed by the researcher who completed the observation.
This hypothesis is then tested through the use of controlled experiments. Once the experiments are completed, the results are reviewed. If the results are inconclusive, the process backs up to the experimentation stage until the evidence provided supports the hypothesis. Once this is done, the Scientific Theory is established and it is documented.Going back to an early discussion topic used in our class, I wanted to revisit Asteroid 1997-XF11 to illustrate the idea of the Scientific Theory. As Professor Hildreth had mentioned in his explanation, there are so many variables when it comes to measuring things such as this asteroid that it’s impossible to measure every possibility.
Due to the little amounts of data that were available, the Astronomers completed an example of good science by predicting what could have been a very dire situation. He made it very clear that the data was essentially inconclusive and there was indeed some uncertainty when it came down to their prediction. By reaching out to other Astronomy researchers in hopes of discovering data recorded years earlier, the astronomers linked to this discovery did a good job at researching the prediction. As more data became available, and the process of experimentation had concluded, great precision was able to be accomplished and an adjustment to the prediction was done.
The overall Scientific Process was followed almost to a tea even though there were some unfortunate instances that had occurred throughout the process. This is a great example of Good Science in Astronomy because they followed the necessary steps and came up with a formal explanation that denounced the original claims made by the researchers.