The 1960’s classic by Alfred Hitchcock, “Psycho” is a movie set in America and the story evolves around a young woman “Marion Crane”.
Phoenix-based Marion Crane, who has for ten years worked as an assistant to real estate agent George Lowery, laments the fact she and her divorcé boyfriend, Sam Loomis, can’t get married due to money issues, he a penniless hardware store clerk whose debt is a result of having to pay alimony. Marion senses an opportunity when one of Lowery’s wealthy clients pays his account with $40,000 cash, Marion who is tasked with taking the money to the bank. Being a Friday afternoon, Marion believes she can slip out of town immediately undetected with the money to join Sam in Fairvale, California where he lives, before Lowery would even suspect that she has absconded with the money the earliest by Monday. Despite a number of close calls, Marion is able to make it to fifteen miles short of Fairvale at the Bates Motel where she stops on the rainy Saturday night. The isolated motel has had little business ever since the state highway was moved. The motel is run by friendly but lonely Norman Bates, who lives with with his invalid mother in the big, old house on the hill overlooking the motel. Although she doesn’t meet Mrs. Bates, Marion knows that she is an angry, controlling woman based on an argument she overhears between her and Norman.
Norman admits that his mother is mentally mad. That evening, Marion has a change of heart and contemplates returning to Phoenix to return the money. But she never makes it either to Phoenix or Fairvale. As such, several people come looking for her, including Sam – who is suspected of being in cahoots with Marion in stealing the money – Marion’s worried sister Lila Crane who is able to convince Lowery not to press charges if Marion returns the money, and a private investigator named Arbogast who was hired by Lowery. At various times, they all make their way to the mysterious Bates Motel, where Mrs. Bates will do whatever required to maintain control of what happens at the motel and within her family.Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock was nicknamed the “Master of Suspense” for employing a kind of psychological suspense in his films, producing a distinct viewer experience.
Throughout his career, Hitchcock continued to believe in cinema as a visual medium. For him, dialogue and sound should remain secondary to the image in telling the story. Hitchcock said that silent pictures were the purest form of cinema. Hitchcock outlined three fundamental approaches to using images in film. “Montage,” according to Hitchcock’s definition, “means the assembly of pieces of film which moved in rapid suggestion before the eye creates an idea”From the start of the movie the music playing in the background is very intense and creates a sense of curiosity which tags along the main theme of the movie very well. Courtesy the music the viewer engages with the tone of the movie very well from the first second.
The guidance of the attention of the spectator to different elements of the developing action in succession is, in general, characteristic of the film which in regards of this movie can be seen clearly that whenever an important part of the movie is upcoming the music starts to get loud and the beats get low.Montage editing is used to join a sequence of cuts into one fluent edit making the scene frames move fast or slow. In Psycho, this technique is used to make the killing scene more realistic and to hide the fact that the antagonist doesn’t actually touch her with the knife. This edit is quite old and so doesn’t show the realism of modern films but at the time created a sense of panic and energy throughout the audience. In the movie “Psycho” the technique Montage has been used very cleverly to create anxiety and fear for the audience. The scene in which Ms.Crane was stabbed by the knife multiple times in the shower, its build up created a sense of fear as the attacker was shown approaching from the back and behind the shower curtains it created fear of the unknown in the eyes of the audience as it was sudden and no one expected it to end like this. While Ms.
Crane was getting stabbed her body was shown very cleverly and her movements were captured and put together impeccably with the right contrast of showing the shower and the blood drops dripping into the water, Overall the whole scenario was captured and shown to the audience that as she fell on the bathroom floor the shower curtain broke and fell on her and her still eye balls were then cut into the scene through the water draining down into the pipe which had a feel of continuity and smoothness in the scene. As her blood is washed away down the drain the camera slowly zooms onto the drain. This is an example of slow editing. They then use a technique called a match cut and turn the drain whole into the iris of the dead woman’s left eye. This leaves the audience in shock, and giving the effect that the woman’s life has been washed away by a mystery murderer. Other than the scene in the shower there were many moments in the movie where the audience had a sense of fear and anxiety.
The scene where the private investigator is climbing up the stairs the camera angle is used very well and the way he was taking his steps up the stairs it created anxiety and a sense that something was going to happen and as the scene continued and he got attacked, the whole cut was from above which made the knife look bigger and created fear for the audience just before the moment as he was stabbed and the attacker was approaching him from the room. The whole scene was executed impeccably as the attack was shown from an angle from where it looked like the knife was going through the investigators body.