The entity of mankind is a broad phenomenon, which is characterized by various social interactions among the people. With the aspect of this interaction, the concept of dramaturgical concept of human social interaction is therefore given an important approach. Through this interaction therefore, the human coexistence is maintained with various relations developing among the society and its people. The society has to live in peace, harmony and tranquility if eternity of man is to be promised. This is however provided by the social interaction phenomenon that people affiliate in their day-to-day life. However, societal imbalance of lack of equity and equality compromise the success of the peace and harmony. This is captured or developed when the society has some inequalities in the distribution, use, and exploitation of its scarce resources. With these aspects, sociological problems will develop that help to institute the society back to a state of normality where a focus of how the society can be brought back to stability is thus assured. Various sociological theories will develop as a substance of instituting various states of foundations to cater for the varying states of the societal imbalance. Depending on the social aspects affecting or working within a societal setting therefore, various theories will consequently match to safeguard an interest in explaining how various aspects within the scope of the society interact with each other in a cordial state of establishing harmony and stability within the society.
With regard to the nature of the society therefore, the great encounters in intensity of state of affairs therefore leads to various interaction circumstances. Depending therefore on the image brought by such interaction, various theories will therefore work in striking a substantial harmony within the society. Such various, sociological legacies are conflicts and their resolution, equality and equity issues, gender and gender stereotypes, modern changes versus the traditional (ancient) phenomenon above other schools of thought that work within the society. In all this aspects, the people will interact with each in solving various conflicts issues, enjoying the success of their activities and performing various activities that help to develop the society more for a more enjoyable environment for their living. Either, different sociological theories will be applicable to different groups of person within the society, depending on the gender, social class, occupational disciplines, relational circumstance, religious diversities, cultural imageries and educational backgrounds among others. (Bartos, Wehr, 2002, p. 67-76)
Perhaps, the family is not an exception to some of these sociological theories. In its daily activities, the family is faced with various movements that define its growth, developments and existences. Different issues within the family are solved varied with every aspect within its structures calling for various sociological theories to explain them. Due to the diversity in attributes within the family members, social imbalance is highly pronounced with various conflicts arising from such phenomena. Either, with respect to the various goals and objectives of the family, sociological differences will normally arise. Other factors yielding to such indifferences are gender, equity and inequality, indifferences in the play roles by various family members which therefore state the various function components of these persons, religious diversities, and other various social ingredients that compromise the stable state of affairs within the family.
However, with the importance of the family within the society, it’s important to solve the social family issues within its frontiers in a manner that ensures the existence of the family and the society as a whole. In its various strategies to form an interactive phenomenon within its members, the family will entail the use of some specific tools aimed at solving such indifference. However, sociologically the different pursuits of formulating ways and methodologies for application within the coexistence of the family involve the application of sociological theories. With the many types and perspectives of such theories, each can therefore be adequately used to explain a certain case of problem.
Such theories are usually theoretical frameworks of a complex nature which help the sociologists in explaining and also analyzing in different dimension on how social structures, process and actions work together. For the purpose of this work however, these theories will be limited to the conflict theory and the way it can be used to analyze the aspects within a family.
In a family, there are various social issues affecting it, such cases as conflicts on duty and role play, divorce, the status of different persons within the family, modernization and the family, religious conflicts and other various issues affecting it. Within the structure of the family therefore, different conflict will develop in regard to how the people should respond in doing different activities. Disagreements will therefore bring with them various social conflicts at the center of the state of the family which results to indifferences and disharmony in misunderstanding by the family members. With the family problems however been too divergent, this study will only for us on the relation of the conflict theory and the aspect of duty and role play by different members of the family. Despite the many social problems affecting the family, inadequacy and inefficiency by the different family members failing to play their different roles perhaps can be attributed as the main problem behind all other problem aspects operating within the family. As the unity of the society, the family is comprised of different members such as the parents and children whom to each are an allotted duty and role he/she should play. However, many are the times when such duties go undone. This is the begging of social problems calling for conflict within such a family. (Paquette, 2000, p. 46-58)
In their daily movements therefore, the conflict theory will ultimately come into operation to define the various regulations that may guide the family in its structural bond.
The conflict theory forms part of the various sociological theories, in which members within the societal setup or their structural organization will formulate functional relationships leading to each of the participants within the group struggling for the most maximum benefit thus leading to various social changes of revolutions, structural developments and changes in politics. Its application is most attributed in explaining the various developing conflicts acting between different groups, social classes and other social phenomena such as between the socialists and capitalists. It is an argument against the theory of functionalism with its consideration of the idea that, people within the society and their organization will work in a functional capacity to yield to each playing specific role within such societies which equals the functional relations of the different parts of the body. With the various states activities within an organization or the society, the various components of parties cannot however work harmoniously with one another due to the various differences affecting them. With such an aspect therefore the society cannot work harmoniously as an organ. The resulting consequences are various conflicts that occur between the people within the society or organization
To the family, the same issues of conflict will therefore arise in the active process of the people within it trying to perform their duties. Either, during the various struggles to have the most benefit within its operation, conflict is also born. Such cases hinder the various social corporations by the family members.
In the conflict theory, there are the various radical assumptions of the society been under an external conflict which will ultimately result to a series of social changes. Due to the interactive conflict within the society therefore, one effect will lead to a displacement in the normal circumstances resulting to the related social changes that arise as a result of the conflict circumstances. With this aspect therefore, the society will embrace a new standard of environment in the societal make up replenishing the existing state. Automatically, the ancient look of their society will therefore develop a new outlook and focus on the new developments will therefore amount to various generations of guiding stereotypes within the society. Either, conflict theory assumptions can be moderate which defines how societal or family conflict and their customers are interlinked. Here, with the moderate assumption, they normally assume that functionalism will still work in explaining the activity of the people within a society. Under the moderate understanding of the society therefore, the conflict theory can have an attribute of a cordial work within the people. To the family therefore it could be assumed to have specific roles for each member that helps them to work with harmony to one another and bring a stable state of agreement between these members.
Clear establishments of the conflict theory are explained in the pyramid structure where the elite body is a dictator to the normal people/large masses within the society. This is perhaps clearly defined in the family set up where the decisions regarding such a family are made by a certain person. This person will thus formulate various dictations to the others in regard on how they should perform their duties. To the conflict theory, the persons who have been existing in power within their institutions, the traditional society and the law of the society are highly supported by this theory.
The society morals and behaviour above concepts of deviance are predominantly explained by this theory. In which the establishment, exercise and performance of moral concepts is through the activity of the social conflict in the foundations of the moral setups. It is argued that, the society moral conceptions are founded on conflicting authorities that work to cause a conflict in their existence. With this aspect, it forms moral deviance and only working to undermine the peaceful structure of the society.
With its diversity in application, it can therefore be applied at various levels both at the national level (micro level) and the family, society level (micro level)
The theory is allied to some specific and basic assumptions that are dominantly expressed during its exercise. Perhaps, the most pronounced assumption in this theory is that of competition. This assumes that the people in a society, family or organization will actively compete for the few scarce resources which cause such conflicts. Naturally, mankind is characterized to be highly competitive. Elsewhere, the theory assumes of the existence of structural inequalities within the society or social structures. Consequently, inequalities develop in rewarding system and horror of power to lead to various states of benefits to the people in the various social structures. In theory, revolution is what develops from the effect of conflict. With the various social classes forming competitions, different people will thus form different adaptive strategies toward these changes. Such changes are however characterized as been revolutionary and also highly abrupt rather than them been evolutionary. With the conflict, a war of struggle consequently develops. (Schlee, Guther, 2004, p. 22)
To the family set up therefore, this theory adequately explain the existence of conflict between the roles to be played by the different members of the family. For the different members of the family therefore, so will the different duties and roles of each become different. The harmony state of the family defines its continuity in the society. The parents have various duties like provision of basic needs such as security, education, love, procreation of children above others. The children also have various roles and duties to play. However, with regard to such specific goals, the various members will thus develop a disharmony with one another in the inefficiency, inadequacy, failure of support and low profile contribution toward the success of the family. Between the parents themselves, there is the lack of adequate performance of the duties where the mother or the father may act irresponsibly towards providing support for the family. Either, they may develop low interest profile towards the upright upbringing of the family. The resulting consequences would thus be blame between the parents themselves and between the children and the parents. Either, children may fail to perform the required aspects towards the family by themselves. Hereby, there will be an inadequacy in whatever is required of them for a smooth running of the family. With this developing low profile in the performance of the family brought by there children, a blame will therefore develop. In this case, the parents are blamed of their contribution towards their failure. Blame will also develop between the children themselves for their contribution role to the family failure. At the family place therefore, a series of blame will be the subject within the family environment.
By conflict theory also, failure and inadequacy to perform the respective duties by the family members can also be explained by the underlying assumption to this theory.
Firstly, with regard to the scarcity of resources within a family set up, the members will focus on competition for these resources. The resulting consequence is conflict to the inequality in the allocation of these resources. This leads to low activity performance by the members. Naturally, the family like any other organization is bound to having limited scale of its resources. This follows a suit to the laws of nature which dictates that the society is supplied with the resources at a scarce factor
Either, structural inequality is highly evident within the family set up, where different members are more challenged in embracing the family benefits than others. Consequently, a state of instability prevails in such circumstances where some members fight for the redemption of equality. Through various inequalities, different family members will be more privileged to having more benefits than others. Gender discrimination may arise from the parents to the children with some children having more benefits from the parents than others. This will be the birth of family conflicts. With the various interests developing from these inequalities, some members will be less motivated to perform their duties than others bringing into operation the conflict theory with the family frontiers.
With the above resulting conflicts, the family embraces various structural changes. The state of instability born of such states of conflict leads to the development of various adoptions by various members to help adapt adequately to the changing versions of the family structure. Therefore, one aspect will lead to the other, with changing roles, duties and contributions towards the family changing. This is the start of a new revolution towards the family destiny. The family structure will thus change consequently leading to other structural therapies and changing scenarios within the family. Such changes are the leading consequences towards the revolution within the family setup. It will therefore develop from one state to another embracing the various changes born by the conflict within its premises.
The resulting of the above disagreements is the beginning of struggle, war and disagreements between the family members. Blame leads to dissatisfaction, where this dissatisfaction leads to disagreements and war into operation. This implies the operations in the basics of the conflict theory within the family set up in solving the problem of duty and role play by the different members.