The land of Israel that once belonged to the Jews in 1948 was taken when the Arabs claimed the land, it forced the Jewish people into Diaspora. When the people of Judaism migrated back to the land that was taken, the two races fought over what they both claim to be their Holy Land. The strong conflict among the Arabs and Jews still rages today, with suicide bombings and militia violence happening every day. Because of the nature and age of the conflict, perhaps a lasting peace between Arab and Jew is impossible. People who follow judaism believe that their God promised the land to them and the Holy city of Jerusalem, which is the capital of Israel.
Apart from the holy shrines and places of worship, the Arabs and Israelis are fighting over living space. When the Jewish state of Israel was created, Muslims and Arabs alike, have conducted many wars on the holy land. In the result of every war, the Arabians ended up losing or signing an armistice, and sometimes even losing more of their territory to the Jews. Unfortunately, because of all this, it is hard to imagine that there will be a lasting peace between Jew and Arab in the near future.
In 1948 the state of Israel was created out of the land Palestine. Since then, there has been almost continuous conflict between Israel and its neighbors, the Arabs. The Middle East has hardly ever been out of the news and headlines.
In the time of Jesus, first century AD Palestine was ruled by the Romans. According to Joseph Telushkin ” In AD 70 and again in AD 135, the Jews rebelled against their roman rulers.” Roman soldiers crushed and destroyed the city of Jerusalem, expelling the Jews. Many thousands fled to neighboring countries and over the next 200 years, they settled in almost every part of the Roman Empire. Merchants, Bankers and Craftsmen are what many became in order to flourish in their communities, while others gained high caliber jobs.Then, in the Middle Ages, the Jews were expelled from Western Europe and many settled in Russia and Poland. However, they were always abuse. The majority of european population did follow christianity and forced the Jews to leave in separate housing areas .
However the people were not allowed to own their land or even vote . This act of anti-Jewish is also known as anti-Semitism. In 1917, the British were very keen to bring the United States into the First World War against Germany. The British believed that the Jews in America could influence their government’s actions, and so Britain declared its support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. This declaration was made in the form of a letter to Lord Rothschild, a British Jew leader, in November 1917. It became known as the ‘bal four declaration’ because it was signed by the British foreign secretary, Arthur James.
For many centuries, the Arabs have lived in the lands which we call the Middle East. They form the majority of the population and they all speak the same language, Arabic. In the seventh century ad, most of the Arabs were converted to the religion of Islam. They become the followers of Mohammed. From Arabia, they steamed rolled their way through the Middle East and North Africa. The first world war was a turning point in the Arab struggle for independence as well as in the Jewish struggle for a homeland. The British high commissioner in Egypt, Sir Herbert Mc Mahon.
When arabiens leaders heard that the British and the French went behind their backs on agreed to do with Arabic land. It caused a lot of outraged in the land In 1919, the peace of Versailles confirmed Arab fears. Britain and France were given mandates, also known as orders, to govern certain countries in the Middle East until the Arab people were considered ready to govern themselves. Great Britain was given mandates over Palestine and Iraq, and the British troops and their administrators took control of these lands. In 1919, Britain was given a mandate to govern Palestine. For the next 30 years, the British government was to rule the country. The Arabs of Palestine felt that they had simply exchanged Turkish rulers for British ones.
The Palestinian Arabs were even more angered by increasing immigration and the fact that Jews were buying land in a few areas of Palestine, but in these areas, the Arabs claimed they were being driven out. They also accused the British of being pro-Zionist. Similar outbreaks occurred and continued in the early 1930’s, especially after 1933.
However, they were not so wide spread. In that year, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany and the Nazi anti – Semitism drove many Jews abroad. Nearly a thousand fled to Palestine and by 1939, there were nearly 450,000 Jews in the country.
Tension remained high and the British government reports all came to the same conclusion that the Arabs were afraid of losing their country, as more of them became landless and discontented. The British were in an impossible position. If they allowed unrestricted immigration; Arab fears and violence would increase. But if they stopped or controlled immigration, the world would accuse them of inhumanity, of not caring for the Jews who were being parse cited by the Nazis. In 1936, a massive widespread fight broke out, as armed Arabs attacked Jewish settlements. The British responded harshly. They hanged several Arab leaders and destroyed houses suspected of containing Arab terrorists and arms. They also helped to organize the Jewish defense force, the Hagenah.
In 1937 the British government recommended the partition of Palestine into two separate states, one Jewish and a second Arab state. The Arabs rejected it and the fighting continued. With the help of more troops better weapons and transport, the Britishforces gradually regained control of Palestine. By 1939, when the rebellion ended, the British government had given upall further ideas of partition.
It declared that Britain would continue to rule Palestine. It also said that it would restrict Jewish immigration. The British government adopted this policy because war was approaching, and it feared the growth of friendship between Arab leaders and Germany. Britain needed to keep the friendship of the Arab countries so that oil supplies from the Middle East would continue to reach Britain. The Jews were furious.
Thousands took thestreets to demonstrate.