The modernization of oursociety has changed many aspects of how we live our day to day lives—but it’ssafe to say that once we change the external, the internal can change too! Theearth is experiencing what we now classify as an Anthropocene; the global timeperiod from which humans have taken over the Earth. From damaging ourecosystems with the industrialization of cities, to the destruction of theozone layer, our activities have altered natural processes such as climatechange and the “way nutrients move in our ecosystem, such as nitrogen andphosphorus”. Over the past few centuries, humans have fought an ongoing battleto defeat germs and bacteria. Despite our pronounced efforts to improve sanitationand free ourselves from disease—medical establishments have seen the contrary—”Astaggering increase in allergies and autoimmune diseases in the industrializedworld.” While some like to blame that we were once deprived of the necessarybacteria to develop our immune systems as children—this theory lacks hardevidence between the exposure to pathogens and immunological response systems. Withour growing knowledge on microbial health and the numerous studies conducted,researchers have come up with a better theory that does not blame one factor tothe rise of allergy and disease but all factors—the”disappearing microbiota” theory. This theory takes into account all the wayswe have modernized our society and how it has potentially affected the healthof our microbiomes.
Pollution, water filtration, modern birth practices,exposure to antibiotics and modern dietary patterns are all factors that have contributedto altering our microbial systems. When our gut health suffers, our bodies arenot properly equipped with enough of the healthy microbes to fight off whateverwants to attack. External factors in the environment (such as the onespreviously listed) have also been accounted for in altering the composition ofour microbes. This in turn, depletes us from reaping the benefits of what wasonce a symbiotic relationship between the human and its gut microflora.