Thebrain is the most complex organ in the body.
Stroke is caused by no oxygen tothe brain, without no blood flow to the brain it causes the cell to die. When thestroke happens on the right side of the brain, the left side of the body getsthe impact. The patient will have issues with speech and languages, loss ofmotion on the left side; their behavior might alter. Majority of patients who suffers Ischemicstroke symptoms such as suddenly confusion, the trouble of speaking, blurredvision or dizziness. Ischemic stroke can last from 2-15 minutes. Depressionafter stroke is a genuine neuropsychiatric confusion with a high rate ofpredominance following a stroke.
The side effects of gloom after stroke arelike those of endogenous dejection; discouragement after stroke is portrayed by the fast improvement andbeginning of manifestations, a nonattendance of response to external components and restraint that caninfluence a few territories (Sugawara et al.,2015).Emotionalchanges following a stroke are once in a while tended to at the intense,restoration or outpatient phases of intercession. To be sure, they regularlystay undiscovered and therefore untreated, unless they are seen by medicinalstaff as sufficiently serious to warrant the mental audit. The care ofindividuals with extreme enthusiastic issues is then overseen by specialistsand, where analyze are made, pharmacological and psychotherapeutic medicineshave been accounted for (George, Wilcock & Stanley 2001). Theseuplifted horribleness and mortality dangers, in conjunction with the generalincrement in restorative usage recorded for geriatric depressive patientswithout stroke, recommend that patients with Post Stroke Depression maylikewise be in danger for higher therapeutic services use after stroke thanthose without post-stroke depression.
Furthermore, although sorrow isthe most well-known emotional well-being condition after stroke, littleconsideration has been given to another post-strokeemotional well-being disorder. One reason for this is the high comorbidity ofother emotional wellness determined to have anxiety( Ghose, Williams & Swindle 2005).Confidencehas been recommended to be a possibly essential variable in the enthusiasticchange and practical result of beginning period survivors of stroke. Past workhas suggested that stroke negatively affects the survivor’s confidence andlower confidence evaluations have been related to more prominent levels ofrevealed depressive and uneasiness side effects self-consciousSC1 (Vickery et al.,2009) Depressionin stroke patients, when contrasted and the individuals who are notdiscouraged, have brought down survival rates; demonstrate less inspiration toexperience restoration; have more extensive healing facility stays and pooreruseful recuperation; and neglect to take part in recreational furthermore,social interests. As the dominant part of recovery is accomplished at abeginning period and as discouragement can weaken this recuperation, it isproverbial that early finding and treatment of sorrow is imperative (Watkins etal., 2007).
MethodDesign Before the study conducts the patient magnetic resonance brain imaging (MRI) will illustrationwhere the stroke appears in the patient brain.Physical strength will be measured byTime Up and Go Time (TUG). The damage left from the stroke might causethe patient to suffer from an emotional problemsuch as anxiety. The Hospital Anxietyand Depression Scale will be used to forthe 150 stroke patients that are inpatientto complete seven questions asking themabout their anxiety levels. Also, 150outpatient post-stroke will complete ninequestions of their anxiety levels. The Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale(PHQ-9) will be used. The total ofthe duration of the study will beapproximately one year, from December 2017 until December 2018.
Participant A total of 300 stroke patients who suffers from ischemic were conducted from the study. Stroke survivors will be a divided intotwo groups. There will be a study that will beconducted for inpatient and outpatient.
150 inpatient post-strokeanxiety who are compared to 150outpatient post-stroke anxiety. In inpatient, there will be 85 male and 65females, and outpatient there will be 95 male and 55 females. The age range of the stroke patients is 23- 45 years old. A cross-section questionnaire and interview survey will be conducted by inpatient and outpatient strokesurvivors. Hypothesis The outpatient post-stroke patient will suffermore anxiety than inpatient post-stroke since they are in the rehab they aregetting 24 hours care their mind is occupiedwith getting better, the therapist anddoctors are keeping them busy.
Description Post-stroke anxiety influences roughly two-thirds of ischemic stroke survivors, anxietyfrequently undiagnosed and insufficiently treated, andis related to increased conditionand fatality after stroke. Anxiety screening after stroke is critical also it can be challenged by lack of cognitive and physical. A stroke patient that comes throughthe emergency room the doctor will check to see what type of stroke the patientis having. CT scan is a very crucial testfor the patient. The CT scan detects whatkind of stroke the patient has. The moment the doctor bust the blood clot inthe patient brain, the patient should start therapy immediately.
The patientonly stays in the hospital for four days, if the patient remains longer than four days that’s mean theyhave other medical complication. Theywill transfer the patient to inpatient rehabilitation.In inpatient rehabilitation, the patient will stay there fora month to get a thread for physical therapy, occupation therapy, and speech therapy. Therapy beings in the acutecare after the overall patient conditionhas been stabilized. The first thing theyshould do is promote independent movement because the patient might beparalyzed or have serious weakness.
Whilethe patient is in inpatient rehabilitation,the therapist will measure the patient progress of balance, sit to stand and to walk. While the patient is in rehabilitation it will help the stroke patient with relearningnew skill of what they lost. Doctors primary responsibility isto care for the general patient healthand provide guidance. Sometimes doctorsoverlook the patient psychological wellbeing. The doctors are only worrying about the patient physical wellbeing they are neglecting the mental apart.
Ifthe patient is feeling frustrated and angry that stroke survivor will not beable to improve their physical well-being. Whilethe stroke patient is laying in the hospital bed feeling frustrated and angry,thinking what is next for them. Now they are getting comprehended whathappened to them.
The stroke survivorsare thinking when I am going back to work. If the patient cannot go back to theirold job, what are they going to do for money?How they are going to support theirfamily. They don’t want to be a burned toanyone. The patient starts gettinganxiety attack by thinking about their new life. The stroke survivor stopsprogressing in therapy and stops eating.The therapist will the gave the patient the hospital anxiety depression scale itdepends on the result the might prescribe medication.The stroke survivor is out ofinpatient rehabilitation; now the patientis home.
They are going to outpatient rehab three days a week. When they are intherapy, their mind is focused on getting better. When they are at home, they will be worryingabout their health and how they are goingto resume their lives. The patient is in the house grief about their physicaland mental health, and playing the blaminggame. The patient will start crying they don’t want to eat they just want tolay in bed not doing anything. In their mind,they think they will never be normal. Now the patient has been home for three months, no more therapy the patientdischarges from outpatient treatment for the last two months. Now he orshe is in denial.
They are in the houseall day, the only time the patient goesoutside is when they are going to doctor’s appointment. In their mind theycannot see any progress they have made because the stroke survivors speechstill has the slurred, they can’t feelthe sensation in their left hand and theynot able to walk without a walker. The stroke patients get angry because he orshe have lost their independent, they mustdepend on someone to help them do thebasic of essential such as getting dress and beating.
The patient will betrying to speak but not able to put the wordtogether. The patient start getting frustrated and the middle of nowhere theystart crying.Fivemonths pass the patients only gain 50 percent muscle strength on their lifeside. The stroke survivor is happy to see that they regain some muscle strength. The stroke patient starts feeling sad because they are seen peoplegoing back to their normal activities, they are not able to recover to their normal activities again.
Thestroke patient used to like doing home exercise to rebuild their musclestrength back. As time goes by, they lost interest in the homeexercise. The patient used to enjoyplaying with their children; suddenlythey stop playing with the kids. Now theonly thing they want to do is sit by thewindow and stare at the window. The patient energy starts decreasing and they having adifficult time going to sleep. Thepatient is stressing about finances, how theyare going to pay for the medical bill and how they going to support their family because they are not able to goback to work yet. Even though the car is in the driveway, they are not able to driveit.
Every major move they made they needsomeone assistance. The patient seen all this limitation they must go through,they feel worthless. Nine months after the post-stroke the patient wants to resume work.Before the patient needs to go back towork they need to be aware of their limitation, the work they used to do, theymight not be able to complete the task.
When the patient resumes back to work, it was not comfortable getting around the company. The patient will try to type a simplesentence in the computer their left arm gets tired quickly, the patient often becomesexhausted when they are doing a simple task. While the patient is back at work, thepatient will have issue communicate with their coworker. Vice versa the patientis having difficulty understanding what the coworkers are saying to them.Now the patient had to resign from their job position because they are notable to accomplish their duties. Nowanxiety step in, the patient feels like a failure. They are asking themselvesquestion why are they still alive they should have died. The patient does not want to be bothering to do anything.
They withdraw from the things they liketo do. The patient will start gettingjitteriness and loss of appetite. The patientis losing weight too fast in a short period. When the patient sees others are goingto work, the patient will start throwing up. The patient is not sleeping sothere is dark stress under patient eyes.The patient is fear that they might never work again.
The patient is worrying aboutthey can get another stroke again. Themen are afraid to have sex they might get a stroke during sex. Patientfamily sees how the patient withdraws themselves from activities and allthey do is stare at the window. The family can set up and find a support group. Stroke support group will helpthe patient to see they are not alone their others in the same position asthem. They will hear other people stories. From their stories, they will findstrength, and they will be able to makefriends. They have a haven to go to.
Two monthslater the patient is feeling better; the patient has a better understanding of their condition. The patientis volunteering at the center where they attend a support group. The patient is working part-time job three days a week. Now the patient is feeling better; thepatient stops watch their diet, stop exercising and stop taking the medication.
The patient will skip doctor’s appointmentand sometimes they might even go. Three weeks later the patient had anotherstroke on the right side of the brain.This time is going to take them longer to recover.ResultTotal of 300 patients were enroll in the study, 150 are outpatientsand 150 are inpatient. The age range of the stroke patients is 23 to 45 themajority of the patient are males.
Females who are married (60%) male whoare married (40%), stroke patient who live alone (20%) and patient that livesin the urban areas (55%). Seventy percent of the stroke patients will have the highestlevel of education, twenty percent of stroke patients have a high school education. Ten percent of the stroke patients have no education.Forty-five percent of the stroke patienthad a current job, and the rest of the strokepatient had no job. Analysis results will primary bebase on the sign of the stroke symptom with only 75 patients have CT scan done.
85% of the CT scans will confirm ischemic stroke, while 1% will show sign of hemorrhagicstroke. Inpatient Thirty-five percent of the strokepatient will be able to recognize their anxiety of the stroke, by respondingyes or no to the question. Seven-five strove survivor will perceive their anxiety as being serious. Forty percent will mention lack of energy, withdraw from loved one and fear. Other factors will mention by the patient how long is the recoveryare will they be able to go back to normallife. Twelve percent of the stroke patient mentionother alternative medicine and faith.
Outpatient Sixtypercent of the stroke patients will be able to recognize their anxiety of thestroke patients by responding yes or no to the question. Twenty percent will perceivetheir anxiety as being serious. Fifty percent will mention the loss of interest, lack of energy, low self-esteem,sadness, lack of concentration and weight loss. Other factors will mention by the patient when are they going backto work. The patient will ask will theybe able to drive again, and will they be able to speak clearly? Forty percent of the stroke survivor mention other alternativetreatment such as therapy and faith healing and other.