This assignment will be measuring the managerial, commissioning and policy factors which led to the Victoria Climbie ‘s state of affairs and besides to propose betterments which might forestall a similar incident happening in the hereafter.
Victoria Climbie was born in Ivory Coast in 1991. When she was 7 old ages old, her great aunt Marie-Therese Kouao visited Ivory Coast from France due to a funeral she was go toing. Marie- Therese Kouao had an purpose of following a kid in Ivory Coast. However she asked Victoria ‘s parents if they would allow her to take Victoria to France. She convinced them that by making this, Victoria would hold the best instruction and a better life.
Victoria was non her first pick to take to France but there was another miss by the name of Anna. Unfortunately Anna ‘s parents changed their head about their girl traveling to populate with Marie-Theresa Kouao. Furthermore Victoria ‘s parents agreed as most of the parents would desire their kid to acquire an chance of holding the best of life. They had put their religion and trust on Victoria ‘s great aunt as she was portion of the household and with the belief that she was traveling to take a great attention of her and besides that they were making the right thing for Victoria. Victoria and her great aunt left Ivory Coast in November of 1998 ( Davidson, J.C 2008 ) .The starting point would be to look at the early phases of Victoria Climbie ‘s journey from Ivory Coast to France and from France to England and from so, looking at the factors which led to her decease and the persons who were involved.
When Marie-Th & A ; eacute ; R & A ; egrave ; se Kouao visited Ivory Coast, she had an purpose of taking a miss by the name of Anna to travel and populate with her. She had forged a passport of Anna in order to feign that she was her girl. However when she got to Ivory Coast, Anna ‘s parents refused to allow Marie-Therese Kouao take their kid and she took Victoria alternatively. The bad passport was used on Victoria with the exposure of Anna on it.
This shows that Victoria ‘s parents failed to take duty of their kid because they should hold thought about what was traveling to go on when Victoria and her great aunt get to the in-migration control since the exposure of Anna which was on the passport looked different from how Victoria looked ( Masson, J 2006 ) .Their duty was to do certain that their kid was traveling to be looked after really good but in this instance, their determination of leting Victoria to travel with her great aunt was one of the factors which led to her state of affairs. This is because, whilst Marie-Therese Kouao was portion of the household, they had merely seen her a few times. This could hold given them uncertainty of how much they were traveling to see their girl. They did non cognize Marie-Therese Kouao ‘s life agreements hence by presuming that she had a good life because of life in France, they let their kid travel. The other factor would be the Immigration control of Ivory Coast, France and England.
This inquiry how tough their in-migration controls are since Marie Therese Kouao managed to traverse their in-migration controls without being stopped. From Ivory Coast to France and from France to England, none of the in-migration control managed to happen out the true individuality of Victoria Climbie and if the in-migration control had done their occupations decently, Victoria would hold been returned to her parents sooner and her state of affairs would hold been avoided ( Masson, J 2006 ) .They foremost went to France and after some clip, Marie Therese Kouao decided to travel to England. When they got to England, Marie-Therese Kouao and Victoria visited the stateless Persons Unit of Ealing Council. They were told that they were non eligible for lodging of which they had to be eligible as Victoria was a kid in demand of shelter.
From so, a figure of professionals began to be involved in Victoria Climbie ‘s instance. Professionals such as curates, instructors, physicians, paediatrician, the constabulary and non burying societal workers and besides long distant relation and a child minder who Marie-Therese Kouoa had met at the infirmary where she worked. Some of these persons had the best involvement of Victoria ‘s wellbeing such as the long distant relation who foremost rang the societal services ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .Before sing Homeless Persons Unit of Ealing Council for adjustment, Victoria seemed all right but after the first visit, she began to demo some marks of physical and emotional maltreatment.
Her great aunt physically abused her and when they move in with the great aunt ‘s fellow whom she had met merely few months before, the fellow began to physically mistreat her every bit good. She suffered several hurts such as being poured hot H2O over her caput, being beaten by bike ironss, which was non a pleasant state of affairs for anyone Lashkar-e-Taiba alone a kid of Victoria to be in. Victoria was accused of holding demon powers, hence being physically abused in order of allowing the devils go and enduring from itchs which she ne’er had a history of. Unfortunately in twelvemonth 2000, she died after being abused several times ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .After her decease, Lord Laming was appointed to take out an question of what had gone incorrectly. The study showed that Social work Departments who were involved in Victoria ‘s instance had hapless direction of covering with the instance. This is because they did non hold long term staffs which were decently trained.
In order to work with vulnerable persons, one has to be to the full trained and know their occupation function ( Masson, J 2006 ) .Victoria ‘s cardinal societal worker showed that she was non experient plenty as she had ne’er taken a instance where there was a intuition of kid maltreatment or had ne’er made an probe in a instance like Victoria ‘s. Because of being inexperienced, she failed to see that Victoria suffered from physical and emotional maltreatment. Victoria ‘s cardinal societal worker proved that her managerial and organizational accomplishments were hapless, since her occupation required her to garner all the information together and research or inquire her supervisor about Victoria ‘s background before taking up on the instance. The societal worker had the chance to see all the information she was being given by Victoria ‘s great aunt but alternatively she invariably believed what she was being told about the cause of Victoria ‘s hurts which was a bad opinion on her portion.
She had a ground of doubting what Victoria ‘s great aunt was stating her non merely believing everything she said. Marie-Therese Kouao was the maltreater and Victoria was the victim. As a societal worker, she had to look into based on the information she had. In general the instance should hold been given to person who was experienced and know the codification of pattern of the occupation ( Munro, E 2004 ) .Social Work Departments did non set all the information they had about Victoria in the system, they did non set adequate clip and attention to supervise Victoria ‘s well-being from when they foremost saw her to the clip her wellness began to deteriorate.
They had a system which required them to set the full client ‘s information. The decease of Victoria Climbie was non caused by their system but by human mistake. They failed to give much attending to new grounds which would hold led them to measure Victoria ‘s state of affairs exhaustively and do the right determinations based on this.
Because of this, they failed to recognize that they had a kid who needed their aid ( Munro, E 2004 ) .The decease of Victoria Climbie brought a figure of contentions within the authorities, the populace and the media. Lord Laming ‘s position on the decease of Victoria was that, Social Services Departments had a instance where they were supposed to assist the kid who needed their aid ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) . Harmonizing to Laming, ‘the societal services sections ( SSDs ) in touch with Victoria should hold identified her as a kid at serious hazard. They failed to make so because of the bad pattern of persons ‘ ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 p.1 ) .
Besides Social Services Departments, there were other professional bureaus who were involved such as the Doctors, Paediatrician and the Police who could hold noticed that Victoria was at hazard. They had a figure of opportunities of measuring Victoria ‘s hurts ; in this instance they could hold saved her life. In footings of the constabulary being involved, they could hold checked Victoria ‘s paperss and they could hold found out that she was non Marie-Therese Kouao ‘s girl and that she used a false individuality as she looked different from the exposure, which was on her passport. In footings of Doctors and Paediatrician ‘s concerned, when Marie-Therese Kouao mentioned to them that Victoria had itchs, they should hold checked her history because when she came to populate in Europe, she did non hold any cicatrixs of old self-harm so does that intend that her disease began when she left Ivory Coast and France. All her hurts proved that she was enduring from physical maltreatment but they chose to disregard all the grounds which supported that Victoria was in problem ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .Nurses and junior physicians had seen some marks of calculated physical hurts on Victoria ‘s organic structure and this was largely seen the 2nd clip when Victoria visited the infirmary. When they asked Marie-Therese Kouao about it, she could non give sensible reply as to what had truly happened to Victoria. She kept on altering her narratives, which could hold proved that Victoria was non in safe custodies.
Senior Doctors besides failed to see the possible marks that she was being physically abused. They were experienced plenty to cognize the marks of a kid at hazard and a kid who is non at hazard. They made serious errors which added to the decease of Victoria. However when she died, no 1 seemed to take duty of what had happen ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .Four local governments, two infirmaries and two kid protection squads were all involved in the instance. Each one of them showed hapless relationships among the staff. The Lord Laming ‘s study showed that Ealing Social Services Department, showed some sort of competition on running things for illustration ; between the squad director and senior practician. There were hapless administrative resources and they followed hapless processs.
Brent Social Services had a history of non holding adequate support on kids services, they were disorganised on their administrative system, and societal workers were non being paid adequate money. They were dependent on short term workers of which most of them needed more preparation as they were from other states ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .Enfield Hospital Social Workers were confused about their occupation function and did non hold the bravery of go toing hospital meetings. Haringey kids services showed that societal workers did non have up to day of the month supervising. It showed that the societal worker, who was covering with the instance of Victoria Climbie, did non hold adequate supervising during the clip she was working on the instance.
The supervising she had was conducted by different directors which she had to demo up to day of the month information about the developments of the instance but the supervisors did non besides concentrate on how the societal worker was managing the instance, which could hold helped them seeing if she was making the right thing or non ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .After the Lord Larming ‘s study, the Labour authorities introduced a figure of enterprises which was taking at cut downing child maltreatment. They introduced the Every Child Matters Green Paper in 2003. This was set to better kid attention services by making joined up attack administration with the focal point on the demands of the client and besides bettering how the bureaus portion their information and communicate with each other. The Every Child Matters Green Paper besides aimed at protecting all the list of vulnerable kids between appropriate governments and it besides promoted five results among kids. Every Child Matters Green paper promoted the working of different bureau, to pass on often with one another so that no 1 would lose of import information.
It was about reforming kids services. In general, the chief purpose was to see a job, intervene early and prevent kids from being injury ( Churchill, H 2011 ) .The authorities wanted a dependable national system that had the power of protecting all kids no affair the gender, age, civilization and ethnicity and besides to promote effectual communicating among bureaus, kids and their carers. The authorities wanted to cover with the jobs which had arise signifier Lord Laming ‘s study on the decease of Victoria Climbie.
Besides the working together of bureaus, the authorities besides introduced the Children ‘s Act 2004 alike the Every Child Matters Green Paper aimed at the effectual communicating among the kids and their carers ( Churchill, H 2011 ) .Even though the authorities made some extremist alterations on protecting kids from being injury, some of the failures that arise from Victoria Climbie ‘s question were seen in the question which was undertaken after the decease of Baby Peter Conelly, a seven months twelvemonth old that suffered from physical maltreatment and died in 2007 with hurts which was missed by professionals. Similar to Victoria Climbie, Haringey kids services were besides involved in Baby P ‘s instance. This showed that kids services needed extremist betterments to forestall kids from being injury ( Allen, N 2005 ) .The decease of Victoria Climbie, made the authorities take out an enquiry study environing her decease, which left the state with inquiries of what had gone incorrect for all the professionals to lose the marks of maltreatment. Lord Laming stated that, ‘Even after listening to all the grounds, I remain astonied that cipher in any of the key bureaus had the presence of head to follow what are comparatively consecutive forward processs on how to react to a kid about whom there is a concern of deliberate injury ‘ ( Allen, N 2005 p.148 ) .
In order to forestall similar incident from go oning in the hereafter, there should be a structural safety step to do certain that all professionals are dependable and have a clear apprehension of their occupation functions. All professionals working with vulnerable groups should be trained decently and they should be given all the information about what their occupation requires them to make in order of presenting dependable and good quality services. Supervisors and directors should supervise if there are any persons who delivers hapless services in order of seeing a job, intervene early and forestall the injury.
There should be an apprehension of what went on before so that some betterments would be made based on that. There should be adequate grounds, background cognition for professionals involved with clients to make a determination ( Corden, J and Sinclair 2005 ) .To reason, all of the professionals failed to protect a kid who was at hazard and needed their aid. They all made errors but from this, all the professionals should hold taken duty of neglecting to assist an abused kid. They should hold learned their errors and usage that to present better services in the hereafter. All of the professionals, who were involved, had the authorization of taking Victoria Climbie from her aunt, with the grounds they had.
If Anna ‘s parents had non refused to allow Marie-Therese Kouao take their girl Anna, Victoria would hold been alive but we would non be stating the same about Anna, after all she was her first pick.